Author : MARIA, HERWINDA
This study is a sociolinguistic study about request made by Chinese Indonesian females to both their younger and older servants. The writer is interested in investigating request since request can be used differently by her surrounding. The writer wants to know the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers to their younger and older servants. Then, the writer also wants to know the factors that influence the use of the type of requests, whether it could be the power distance or the age of the addressee. The writer predicted that there are some differences in making requests to the younger and older servants. Here, the writer used Ervinn-Tripp?s theory of request to classify the type of request. The writer also uses structured interview as the way in getting the data. To find the most frequently used type of request used by Chinese Indonesia female employers, the writer used quantitative approach, whereas to interpret the data, the writer used structured and unstructured interview. The writer found that there are no differences in the frequency of the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers both to younger and older servants. The result of this research showed that most of Chinese Indonesian females used bald imperatives as their type of request, both to their younger and older servants. However, Chinese Indonesia female employers used bald imperatives with the use of word tolong, sorry, hedges and use of address term to show their respect and another social factors that could not be analyzed. Thus, the result might prove that the power distance has influenced more to the type of request than the age of the addressee.
Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, chinese, indonesian female, employers
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2063/
Author : GOZZALI, ELLY
This is a study of refusal strategies that are used by grown-up Chinese Indonesian sons and daughters toward their parents? requests in Surabaya. The writer wants to seek whether there is any significance difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies toward their mother?s and father? requests in every situation. In conducting the research, the writer used Discourse Completion Test (DCT), the most appropriate elicitation technique that enables to obtain more stereotyped responses in a large sample, which is in the form of questionnaire. The questionnaires consisted of five requests from father and five requests from mother in given situations. The requests were arranged from the easiest task to the most difficult task to be accomplished. The writer used five Kartomihardjo?s models of refusal styles, namely by using the word “no”, giving reason, conditional, suggestion, and non-verbal (keep silent) as the main theory and put them in the questionnaire as the choices to respond the requests. The writer also provided a blank space in each request. In order to make the data become more accurate, easy to be interpreted and to test whether there is any significant difference between the sons? and daughters? refusal strategies, the writer used statistics. The findings show that both sons and daughters tend to use strategy no.2 (giving reason) and strategy no.3 (conditional) towards father and strategy no.3 (conditional) toward mother. However, based on the statistics result there is no significant difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies both toward mother?s and father?s requests. Besides the refusal, the writer also finds the side results, which are gained from the answers out of Kartomihardjo?s five refusal strategies in the blank spaces provided in each request. Mostly sons and daughters accept the easiest requests both from mother and father. The significant difference is found in accepting the mother?s request no.3 and father?s request no.3. These significant differences of acceptance by sons and daughters may be influenced by the situation of the request, which affects them to accept it. At last, it can be concluded that both sons and daughters have no significant difference in using refusal strategies. The sons and daughters are more situational oriented in responding the requests.
Keyword : refusal, request, statistics, questionnaire, sociolinguistics
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2189/
Author : PANCADARMA, YEANY
This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV program on ANTV. Through this study, the writer wants to find out what types of the compliment responses that are used on the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV show. Since the partcipants consist of males and females who use different responses, the writer also wants to find out what types of response are preferred by male and female artists in responding the compliments. Then, by comparing their responses, the writer wants to find out whether there are any differences or similarities between male and female artist in responding to the compliments given on that program. The data which have been collected are analyzed based on Herbert?s theory on the types of compliment responses and then the results are shown on a table. At the end of the analysis, a summary table containing the overall findings of this research is used. As a conclusion, the writer finds that male and female are different in responding to the compliments. The types of compliment response that is mostly used by male artists on ‘Campur-Campur’ program is Comment Acceptance while female artists use question type mostly. Finally, as what Holmes has said that gender differences become the main point in the differences in using the language, the writer concludes that gender was also said to be the important factor that influences someone in responding to the compliment responses.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, campur-campur, gender, tv
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3073/
Author : , CHRISTINA
This thesis is a study of conversational code switching in Ni Hao Ma program of Suzana FM in Surabaya. The program uses Mandarin and Indonesian as the base languages and other codes such as Javanese, English and Malaysian as complement. Such characteristics make the program more interesting to follow. Therefore, this study is an attempt at making a description of the functional types and switched elements of conversational code switching as used in Ni Hao Ma program by analyzing the languages used by the speakers in the dialogues. The writer uses the theory on conversational code switching by Gumperz (1982) as the main theory. From the findings and analysis, the writer finds that there are six functional types of conversational code switching, i.e. quotation, addressee specification, interjection, reiteration, message qualification, personalization vs objectivization. Moreover, there are three levels of switched elements namely word, phrase and sentence. The result shows that conversational code switching having the functional type of interjection is more dominant than the other functions because these functions mostly appear in spontaneous ways. Next, the switched element on the level of word is the highest occurrences. It mostly happens in conversational code switching in the types of interjection. Finally, the conversational code switching can give a fresh nuance to the hearers. Therefore, the program of Ni Hao Ma could be very gratifying because the participants may switch the codes whenever they want.
Keyword : communication, sociolinguistics, suzana fm, code switching
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2093/
Author : HENDRIANI, IRA
Most advertisers create unique advertisements to support the product that is represented by the advertisements. Radio advertisements have been great phenomena among the advertisers and the listeners. As the advertisements are being broadcasted through radio stations, they create interaction towards the listeners. It is either promoting the radio stations or the products by inserting attractive stories inside the advertisements. In order to make good advertisements, the advertisers needs to transmit the information, create interest, and make a desire to buy (Winardi, 1980). In creating advertisement, the advertisers have to think how to make good advertisements that will not make the listeners bored easily. The listeners tend to listen to the advertisements more and more. Hard Rock FM Surabaya creates interesting advertisements to promote its radio station. Concerning that, Stylistics and Pragmatics approaches are used to support and serve this purpose. The devices that are used in those approaches are Paralanguage and Presupposition. Since each advertisement contains a lot of meaning in it, the writer uses those theories in order to analyze the sound pattern that occurred, the writer uses theory, which is used by Trager and Halim (1974) to describe the sound and phonetic pattern. In addition, in order to find the intended meanings of the advertisements in Hard Rock FM Surabaya, Levinson (1983), Yule (1996), and Mey (1994) are used to describe the presuppositions that occurred in the selected advertisements, Furthermore, Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistic phenomenon in the radio advertisement as it investigates the intended meaning in the selected advertisements from Hard Rock FM Surabaya. However, quantitative approach is also used to describe the result of the respondents? answers through questionnaire.
Keyword : english, language, sociolinguistics, hard rock, surabaya
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3095/
Author : , YENI
This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in Emma movie. The movie story is based on the novel Emma written by Jane Austen. There are several male and female characters in that story and they use different type of responses. The research problem is that there might be some differences between compliment responses which produced by male and female interlocutors. Through this study, the writer wanted to find out what types of compliment responses which are used in Emma movie. The characters, which consist of male and female, use different types of responses, and the writer makes an attempt to find out what type of compliment responses are used in the movie, and types of responses which are preferred to by male and female characters. The data are analyzed following Herbert?s theory about the types of compliment responses. The writer discovered that male and female characters are different in giving compliment responses. The writer found out that there is no compliment response that is used by male to male interlocutors and male in speaking to female and male interlocutors. In speaking to female, male mostly used comment acceptance, praise up grade, return, and qualification type. Female in speaking to the same gender mostly uses comment acceptance, return, and qualification type. Female in speaking to male prefers to use comment acceptance type. Female in speaking to female and male they use praise up grade and question type. The total of female in speaking to the same gender is higher than male in speaking to the same gender because female speakers are more active than male speakers in the conversation. Males always deal with different gender and never with the same gender while females deal with both genders. The writer concluded that there are no significant differences between male and female in giving compliment responses and there are also many various form in giving compliment responses.
Keyword : compliments, conversation, sociolinguistics, emma
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2119/
Author : WAHYUNI, EVONNE
In this research, the writer was eager to find out the listening comprehension scores in Suroboyoan sub-dialect by some Petra Christian University students from outside Java. The writer focused on three factors that might influence their scores, that was the respondents? length of stay in Surabaya, frequency of use, and attitude to the sub-dialect. The data were taken from forty students. These respondents were categorized based on their length of stay, that was one year or shorter and three years or longer. In order to measure their listening comprehension scores, the writer used a multiple-choice listening comprehension test based on three conversations, which consisted of eighteen questions. Each question was based on three conversations that had been recorded before. The conversations were spoken by the representative of Petra Christian University students who fulfilled certain requirements. The topics were related to the students? daily needs, social interaction, and education. In this research, the writer mainly used the theory of second language acquisition on how to be a successful language learner. It was also supported by sociolinguistics? theory about the attitude to the language. From this research, the writer found out that the respondents who have lived in Surabaya for three years or longer had higher listening comprehension scores than the other respondents. Besides that, the respondents who used the sub-dialect more often had a tendency to get higher scores. Moreover, having a positive attitude to the sub-dialect was an advantage to achieve higher scores. If they thought that the sub-dialect was a polite language, easy to be learnt and important to be used, they would get higher scores than others.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, second language acquisition, suroboyoan sub-dialect, length of stay in surabaya, frequency of language use, attitudes to language
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2192/
Author : KURNIAWATI, IKA
In this study the writer is eager to find out the codes used by the male and the female Torajanese students in its domains. Besides, the writer is also interested to find out the similarities and the differences between the codes used by the male Torajanese students and the codes used by the female Torajanese students. The writer here mainly uses the theory of domain of language use and supported by the theories of gender, social dimensions, social network, and polyglossia. In order to get the data, the writer used 40 Torajanese students that consist of 20 male Torajanese students and 20 female Torajanese students as her respondents. In this research, the writer used questionnaire as the main instrument, since this research is quantitative-descriptive research. In order to get a clear data about the codes used by the male Torajanese students in its domains and those used by the female students, the writer read the questions in the questionnaire for the her respondents one by one. From this research, the writer found that Indonesian language is used by the male and the female Torajanese students in all formal domains. In informal domains, the male Torajanese students tend to use Torajanese language or Suroboyoan, while the female students tend to use Indonesian language. There are only a few female students who used vernacular language in informal domains. The uses of Indonesian, Torajanese and Suroboyoan by the Torajanese students might be because of the influence of the formality scale, status scale, social distance, the topic of interaction and their social network.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, domains of language use, gender, toraja, torajanese students
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4437/
Author : KURNIAWAN, TONY
Code mixing is a linguistic phenomenon, which we often meet on our everyday life as multilingual society. It was the use of the elements of one language within a sentence in another language (Nababan, 1978). It also occurred in our conversations in the family. The totok Chinese Indonesian families in Surabaya also use codes to talk to their family. I used descriptive-qualitative approach in order to get the in depth data about the background of a totok Chinese Indonesian mother and her son. I also used myself as the instrument and the observer to collect the data through note taking and interviews. In the analysis, after having collected the data, I discussed and interpretated them. The result of this study indicates that there is a totok Chinese Indonesian family in Surabaya, especially a mother and her son, which prefer to use Chinese codes even though they mastered the Chinese language. They used Indonesian and Javanese language with Chinese codes because since they were babies their parents used to communicate using Indonesia. Another factor is that they were afraid their Chinese language would be infected with Indonesian dialect.
Keyword : code, code mixing, totok chinese, sociolinguistics, linguistics, bilingualism
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2121/