Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

Lennie’s and George’s nonstandard use of English as seen in John Steinbeck’s “of mice and men”

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : CHRISTIANA, CYNTHIA

This study deals with Lennie’s and George’s Nonstandard grammatical features differences in John Ernst Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men (1937). Armand Schwerner in his notes of Of Mice and Men stated that Lennie and George are different in manner and mind. Lennie is illustrated as a retarded person, and in contrast, George is depicted as having an active mind. Apart from their different manner and mind, they share the same language of nonstandard English. Based on this fact, in this thesis, the writer focuses on Lennie’s and George’s nonstandard grammatical features, in this case, to find out in what way their nonstandard grammatical features differ. In order to identify the data, the writer needs some theories relating to the study itself. Regarding this matter, the writer employs Guth’s nonstandard features as her main theory, and puts Trudgill’s, Labov’s, Pride’s, Holmes’s, and Nelson’s as the supporting theories. The data collected are linguistic data, in this matter nonstandard grammatical features. The analysis itself is split into three major points as follows; Lennie’s nonstandard grammatical features, George’s nonstandard grammatical features, and their differences. By analyzing the data the writer tries to infer the interpretation as the conclusion of the study. The writer may conclude that Lennie is indeed identified using less nonstandard grammatical features than George both in frequencies and types, however, they do not show any significant diffrences. In essence, Lennie uses six types of nonstandard grammatical features such as double negatives, ain’t, verb forms, pronoun forms, reversal of subject and verb I, and connectives. On the other hand, George employs seven types of features as follows: verb forms, double negatives, ain’t, pronoun forms, duplicated subject, and existential they, and connectives.

Keyword : english, language, social, aspect, linguistics, sociolinguistics, mice, men

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2997/

A Sociolinguistic study of compliment responses strategies used by female basketball players in basketball club in Surabaya

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : TRICAHYATI, VIMALA

This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about compliment responses strategies used by the female basketball players in my club in Surabaya. The compliment responses I discussed are in daily conversation of Bahasa Indonesia. To find the strategies of my respondents using those ways, and to find the influence of culture and custom in using the compliment responses, I take three respondents in my research. My respondents are my friends in the basketball team; they are Marry, Ann, and Katty, who have different characteristics. I use a qualitative research to do my study, in order to observe the topic deeply, not just observing the surface data. Although my observation is in Bahasa Indonesia, I use Herbert?s theory as the main theory on the types of compliment responses strategies. In the findings, I can show that my respondents, who are female, tend to use `no acknowledgement? strategies in responding to the compliment on ability, and they have their own reason to do that. While in responding to the compliment on appearance, they tend to use `praise upgrade? strategies, as their special characteristics of the basketball players who live in a `mess?. Culture, society, and mood may have influenced people in using the types of compliment responses. Besides, there are social factors (external factors) and conditions such as relationship, status, and even internal factors such as mood, age, which influence them in responding to the compliment. It depends on the purpose and the intention of the speaker in using the compliment responses strategies.

Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, social aspect

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2044/

A Sociolinguistic study of women’s speech features used by the female VJs of MTV Indonesia

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : AGUSTINE, CECILIA

Lakoff (1975) says that women use language which reinforces their subordinate status: They are colluding in their subordination by the way they speak. Therefore, Lakoff proceeds to draw up a list of features which supposedly represent typical female discourse, as distinct from male talk. Based on her opinion, those speech features express uncertainty and lack of confidence. This study is held to verify the use of women?s speech features by female VJs of MTV Indonesia. The reason of choosing MTV Indonesia?s female VJs is because they are totally different from the eastern women in general, and the differences seem to be very interesting to be noted.This study of women?s language is elaborated into the dominant and the least features used. In this study, the writer notes and takes records the conversations between two female VJs of Mtv Indonesia while they are presenting the programs. From this observation, by separating each utterance, the writer is able to identify the kinds of speech feature, the most common features and the least feature used by female VJs of MTV Indonesia. From the findings, the writer found that both VJ Nirina and VJ Denise adopted women?s speech features. The most common feature used by VJ Nirina and VJ Denise is lexical hedges or fillers. The least features used by VJ Denise are tag question, “superpolite” form and avoidance of strong swear words. The least feature used by VJ Nirina was “empty” adjectives. From the findings, the writer can conclude that both of them might have tendency to be lack of self-confidence. The findings show that Robin Lakoff as the pioneer in the finding of women?s speech features theory in 1975, still can be considered as appropriate used until now on. It shows that Robib Lakoff is a smart and diligent person.

Keyword : women?s speech feature, mtv indonesia, vjs, sociolinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2159/

The change of diction in the language spoken by Eliza in Bernard shaw’s pygmalion

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : DEVIANTI, HAPPY

The writer uses George Bernard Shaw?s Pygmalion as the object of her study in this thesis. George Bernard Shaw was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1926 and Pygmalion is one of his most popular plays. In this play, he showed that accent and speech provides a way to social advancement. The writer finds that at the beginning of the play the major character, Eliza Doolittle, often uses non-appropriate words as the diction of her language use. Then, by reforming the choice of words (diction) of Eliza, Professor Higgins, transformed Eliza into a lady and her language especially her choice of words show the change at the end of the play. This fact attracts the attention of the writer to find out what kinds of changes occur in Eliza?s choice of words and to analyze what factors influence the change of her diction. In carrying out her study, she uses Mc Crimmon?s theory of diction as the main theory and Dell Hyme?s Ethnography of Communication as the supporting theory. This study is conducted through content analysis. The data for the analysis covers the diction which is used by Eliza Doolittle in the play. Then the Writer analyzes the diction especially on the appropriateness act by act and compares them later to determine the factors that causes of the changes of diction in the language spoken by Eliza.

Keyword : english, language, social, sociolinguistics, pygmalion, speaking

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3051/

A Study of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers to their younger and older female servants

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : MARIA, HERWINDA

This study is a sociolinguistic study about request made by Chinese Indonesian females to both their younger and older servants. The writer is interested in investigating request since request can be used differently by her surrounding. The writer wants to know the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers to their younger and older servants. Then, the writer also wants to know the factors that influence the use of the type of requests, whether it could be the power distance or the age of the addressee. The writer predicted that there are some differences in making requests to the younger and older servants. Here, the writer used Ervinn-Tripp?s theory of request to classify the type of request. The writer also uses structured interview as the way in getting the data. To find the most frequently used type of request used by Chinese Indonesia female employers, the writer used quantitative approach, whereas to interpret the data, the writer used structured and unstructured interview. The writer found that there are no differences in the frequency of the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers both to younger and older servants. The result of this research showed that most of Chinese Indonesian females used bald imperatives as their type of request, both to their younger and older servants. However, Chinese Indonesia female employers used bald imperatives with the use of word tolong, sorry, hedges and use of address term to show their respect and another social factors that could not be analyzed. Thus, the result might prove that the power distance has influenced more to the type of request than the age of the addressee.

Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, chinese, indonesian female, employers

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2063/

Refusal strategies used by grown-up chinese indonesian sons and daughters toward their parents’ requests in Surabaya

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : GOZZALI, ELLY

This is a study of refusal strategies that are used by grown-up Chinese Indonesian sons and daughters toward their parents? requests in Surabaya. The writer wants to seek whether there is any significance difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies toward their mother?s and father? requests in every situation. In conducting the research, the writer used Discourse Completion Test (DCT), the most appropriate elicitation technique that enables to obtain more stereotyped responses in a large sample, which is in the form of questionnaire. The questionnaires consisted of five requests from father and five requests from mother in given situations. The requests were arranged from the easiest task to the most difficult task to be accomplished. The writer used five Kartomihardjo?s models of refusal styles, namely by using the word “no”, giving reason, conditional, suggestion, and non-verbal (keep silent) as the main theory and put them in the questionnaire as the choices to respond the requests. The writer also provided a blank space in each request. In order to make the data become more accurate, easy to be interpreted and to test whether there is any significant difference between the sons? and daughters? refusal strategies, the writer used statistics. The findings show that both sons and daughters tend to use strategy no.2 (giving reason) and strategy no.3 (conditional) towards father and strategy no.3 (conditional) toward mother. However, based on the statistics result there is no significant difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies both toward mother?s and father?s requests. Besides the refusal, the writer also finds the side results, which are gained from the answers out of Kartomihardjo?s five refusal strategies in the blank spaces provided in each request. Mostly sons and daughters accept the easiest requests both from mother and father. The significant difference is found in accepting the mother?s request no.3 and father?s request no.3. These significant differences of acceptance by sons and daughters may be influenced by the situation of the request, which affects them to accept it. At last, it can be concluded that both sons and daughters have no significant difference in using refusal strategies. The sons and daughters are more situational oriented in responding the requests.

Keyword : refusal, request, statistics, questionnaire, sociolinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2189/

Types of compliment responses used in the TV show ‘Campur-Campur on ANTV based on gender

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : PANCADARMA, YEANY

This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV program on ANTV. Through this study, the writer wants to find out what types of the compliment responses that are used on the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV show. Since the partcipants consist of males and females who use different responses, the writer also wants to find out what types of response are preferred by male and female artists in responding the compliments. Then, by comparing their responses, the writer wants to find out whether there are any differences or similarities between male and female artist in responding to the compliments given on that program. The data which have been collected are analyzed based on Herbert?s theory on the types of compliment responses and then the results are shown on a table. At the end of the analysis, a summary table containing the overall findings of this research is used. As a conclusion, the writer finds that male and female are different in responding to the compliments. The types of compliment response that is mostly used by male artists on ‘Campur-Campur’ program is Comment Acceptance while female artists use question type mostly. Finally, as what Holmes has said that gender differences become the main point in the differences in using the language, the writer concludes that gender was also said to be the important factor that influences someone in responding to the compliment responses.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, campur-campur, gender, tv

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3073/

Code switching in Ni Hao Ma program of Suzana FM in Surabaya

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : , CHRISTINA

This thesis is a study of conversational code switching in Ni Hao Ma program of Suzana FM in Surabaya. The program uses Mandarin and Indonesian as the base languages and other codes such as Javanese, English and Malaysian as complement. Such characteristics make the program more interesting to follow. Therefore, this study is an attempt at making a description of the functional types and switched elements of conversational code switching as used in Ni Hao Ma program by analyzing the languages used by the speakers in the dialogues. The writer uses the theory on conversational code switching by Gumperz (1982) as the main theory. From the findings and analysis, the writer finds that there are six functional types of conversational code switching, i.e. quotation, addressee specification, interjection, reiteration, message qualification, personalization vs objectivization. Moreover, there are three levels of switched elements namely word, phrase and sentence. The result shows that conversational code switching having the functional type of interjection is more dominant than the other functions because these functions mostly appear in spontaneous ways. Next, the switched element on the level of word is the highest occurrences. It mostly happens in conversational code switching in the types of interjection. Finally, the conversational code switching can give a fresh nuance to the hearers. Therefore, the program of Ni Hao Ma could be very gratifying because the participants may switch the codes whenever they want.

Keyword : communication, sociolinguistics, suzana fm, code switching

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2093/

Illocutionary acts produced by fran fine and Maxwell Sheffield in the Nanny

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : ANGGRAINI, SAVITRI

This study is conducted to reveal the use of illocutionary acts by Fran Fine and Maxwell Sheffield, also to find the most frequent types used by them in the comedy The Nanny. The basic theory used is Semantics by Hurford and Heasley that divide illocutionary acts into twenty-five types, supported by the theory by Janet Dean Fodor and Adrian Akmajian, Richard Demers, Ann K Falmer, and Robert Harnit. In addition, the writer includes the related study by Debby. The approach of the study is qualitative-descriptive, meaning that the writer studies the words, phrases, and sentences that are spoken by the characters. After analyzing the data, the writer found out that there are sixteen types of illocutionary acts used by Fran Fine, fifteen types of illocutionary acts used by Maxwell Sheffield, and eighteen types of illocutionary acts used by them. Moreover, the types of illocution that is used the most often is admitting, then the second most is the complaining, the third most used is protesting.

Keyword : english, language, discourse, analysis, social, linguistics, sociolinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2191/

Stylistics and pragmatics approaches towards two sets of bumper-in and bumper-out of Hard Rock FM Surabaya

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : HENDRIANI, IRA

Most advertisers create unique advertisements to support the product that is represented by the advertisements. Radio advertisements have been great phenomena among the advertisers and the listeners. As the advertisements are being broadcasted through radio stations, they create interaction towards the listeners. It is either promoting the radio stations or the products by inserting attractive stories inside the advertisements. In order to make good advertisements, the advertisers needs to transmit the information, create interest, and make a desire to buy (Winardi, 1980). In creating advertisement, the advertisers have to think how to make good advertisements that will not make the listeners bored easily. The listeners tend to listen to the advertisements more and more. Hard Rock FM Surabaya creates interesting advertisements to promote its radio station. Concerning that, Stylistics and Pragmatics approaches are used to support and serve this purpose. The devices that are used in those approaches are Paralanguage and Presupposition. Since each advertisement contains a lot of meaning in it, the writer uses those theories in order to analyze the sound pattern that occurred, the writer uses theory, which is used by Trager and Halim (1974) to describe the sound and phonetic pattern. In addition, in order to find the intended meanings of the advertisements in Hard Rock FM Surabaya, Levinson (1983), Yule (1996), and Mey (1994) are used to describe the presuppositions that occurred in the selected advertisements, Furthermore, Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistic phenomenon in the radio advertisement as it investigates the intended meaning in the selected advertisements from Hard Rock FM Surabaya. However, quantitative approach is also used to describe the result of the respondents? answers through questionnaire.

Keyword : english, language, sociolinguistics, hard rock, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3095/

Older Posts »

The Silver is the New Black Theme Blog at WordPress.com.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 44 other followers