Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

A Study of the different opinion between Carol and the villagers in Gopher Prairie and her process of adapting with them in Sinclair Lewis’ main street

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Author : ERMAWATI, ELLYANA

The thesis is about Sinclair Lewis’ Main Street. It focuses on the major character, Carol, who comes to a small village, Gopher Prairie. There she is dissatisfied with the condition and its people. It makes her has conflicting opinion with the villagers in Gopher Prairie. In this thesis, the writer would like to know what kinds of different opinion I that Carol and the villagers have and also how she adapts her opinion with theirs. The thesis writer finds out that they have different opinion on privacy, money management, humanity, spending leisure time and appreciation of literature and books. She also wants to dig out Carol’s process of adapting with the people’s opinion in Gopher Prairie. In doing the thesis, the thesis writer uses library research. She gathers data from literary critics and literary theory, such as conflict and characterizatior. She also uses important definition, adaptation. Carol finds that their ways of life are different, for example the people there like gossiping while Carol does not. And how to appreciate literature is also different. That is why, she tries to adapt with the people. Firstly by compromising with the villagers. Unfortunately she fails. Secondly she decides to seclude to California and then to Washington. When in Washington, she realizes that the life in a big city is not as beautiful as she thinks. Finally, through a process of adapting, Carol decides to go back to Gopher Prairie. There she tries to understand the people. Even though the people are mind others’ business, they are nice people and care about others. From this thesis, the writer wants to tell the readers that people need time to undergoing the process of adaptation of different way of life.

Keyword : american, fiction, lewis, sinclair, main street, opinion

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3105/

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A study of the main male characters efforts to attain self-actualization as seen in Edith Wharton’s the age of innocence and ethan frome

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Author : IMELDA, ELSHIN

This thesis primarily deals with the efforts of New land Archer as the main male character in Edith Wharton?s The Age of Innocence and Ethan Frome, the main male character in Edith Wharton?s Ethan Frome, to attain their self-actualization. In analyzing them, I see that they have needs as described by Maslow in his theory of human needs, which place sself-actualization as the highest need. Although they are depicted as men who are in great efforts to exert for their self-actualization, they encounter the same result: they fizzle out in actualizing their individual human potential. For these reasons, I would like to know why the two main male characters fail in achieving their self-actualization. To conduct the analysis, I use literary theories, namely the theory of characterization to analyze the main male characters? attitudes towards the place where they live and also their reactions towards the conflicts that come to them, and also the theory of conflict to find out the obstacles that the two main male characters have to face in attaining their self-actualization. In addition, I also use Maslow?s theory to reveal the needs that the main male characters have to fulfill before they come up to their self-actualization. In the analysis, I analyze each main male character?s efforts to attain self-actualization. Firstly, I analyze the attitudes of the main male characters towards the place where they live. Here, I see that the ability of the main male characters to adjust themselves to the place they live drive them away from self-actualization. Furthermore, I analyze the conflicts that the main male characters have to face and their reactions towards the conflicts. Here, I see that their reactions towards the conflicts also drive them away from their self-actualization. Finally, I conclude that Newland Archer fails to achieve his self-actualization because he cannot adjust himself to the place where he lives. I also conclude that Ethan Frome fails to achieve his self-actualization because he is a dependent person who cannot do anything without the support of other people.

Keyword : american, fiction, wharton, edith, ethan frome, the age of innocence

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2103/

Frederick Douglass struggle for gaining his freedom in narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass , an American slave

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Author : KARTIKA, VANNY

I his thesis is a study of the gaining of freedom by Frederick Douglass, an American slave. In this study, the writer highlights the conflict and the idea of survival technique as revealed through the main character, Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey that was changed into Frederick Douglass after he became a free man, as the major problem of the analysis. Frederick Douglass as a Mulatto with his white father as his master had to survive from slavery in Maryland, United States and worked as a free labours in the North-eastern States till 1841. He got to New York, on the third day of September 1838, left his chains and succeeded in reaching New York without the slightest interruption of any kind. But he finally found out that it was easier to escape from slavery than from its impact. The thesis writer uses literary theory that is characterization and conflict in analyzing the main character. The thesis writer also uses the theory of African-American survival techniques in Afro-American literature as the supporting theory to have background knowledge about African-American survival techniques. The thesis writer finds out that Frederick Douglass chooses Irony as his survival technique because Frederick Douglass is successful in making the oppressed one that is him become superior to the oppressor. The thesis writer uses library research and internet research in order to collect the data and uses the novel itself as the main source.

Keyword : american, literature, american, frederick, douglass, slave

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2652/

The effect of Victor’s an Walter’s attitude toward the background on their philosophy of life in Artur Miller’s the price

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Author : , MARIA

In this thesis, the thesis writer chooses to analyse Arthur Miller?s, The Price, in which she focuses on discussing the effects the main characters? attitude toward the background on their philosophy of life which is revealed by related characters Victor and Walter, whose present lives applied based on their philosophy of life. Accordingly, this thesis discusses how the same backgrounds influence the main characters to have different philosophy of life that cause the same result on their present. She managed to prove that Victor?s and Walter?s present is influenced by their philosophy of life which is shaped by the background in which they lived. To analyse the problems above, she made use of some literary theories, namely setting, character, and plot as the main theories, and also some psychology theories such as theory of failure, motivation and happiness as the supporting theories. As the finding, the thesis writer sees that there are social and family backgrounds which directly affected Victor and Walter to hold such philosophy of life. She also finds out that despite their success, both main characters are not happy with their accomplishment. Their failure in present is seen through their being frustrated and pessimistic in facing the future. Besides, the thesis writer sees that what philosophy of life one believes is right; it only depends on how one applies it in life.

Keyword : american, drama, miller, arthur, price

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2158/

Suicide motive of ethan allen hawley in John Steinbeck’s the winter of our discontent

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Author : ROSANA, VERONICA

This thesis in about the analysis of Ethan Allan Hawley’s motive to commit suicide in John Steinbeck’s The Winter of Our Discontent. The Winter of Our Discontent portrays the dark picture of American people during Depression era. Ethan Allen Hawley becomes the main character of the novel that commits suicide in the end of story. Related to this topic, the thesis writer curious to know Ethan’s motive to commit suicide. She is also going to reveal the factors that are able to lead Ethan to commit suicide. In analyzing the work, the thesis writer uses literary approach as the main tool and the thesis writer also uses psychology theories and ccncept of social pressure to analyze the work. In the analysis, Ethan lives under the pressure of his society. This pressure changes Ethan’s way of life and his honest belief. He becomes a cruel person. Furthermore, Ethan is alienated by his surroundings and he also alienates himself from his surroundings. Ethan is mentally led into depression. This depression goes from bad to worse and it finally becomes hard to be overcome. At last, the thesis writers finds out that Ethan’s decision to commit suicide is motivated by his depression.

Keyword : american, fiction, steinbeck, john, suicide, motive

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2662/

The confrontation between in the flash and the spirit as seen through John Buchanan and Alma Winemiller in Tennessee William’s summer and smoke

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Author : SANTOSO, BUDI

The center of attention of this thesis is the confrontation between the flesh and the spirit that exist in the play. Here the flesh represents the physical desire of man and the spirit represents religious value. In this case, the thesis writer discusses the confrontation between the flesh and the spirit and the result of the confrontation as seen in each of the major characters, John Buchanan and Alma Winemiller in Tennessee Williams?s play, Summer and Smoke. God creates human consisting of flesh and spirit. In the beginning of the play, John Buchanan?s character the flesh is more dominant than the spirit, meanwhile in Alma Winemiller?s character; the spirit is more dominant than the flesh. In John Buchanan and Alma Winemiller interact with each other. Besides the fact that John Buchanan and Alma Winemiller interact with each other, this thesis discusses the pressures toward the characters from their fathers and their society as the causes of the confrontation between the flesh and the spirit. In order to analyze this matter, the thesis uses a literary theory as the main tool, which is the theory of conflict. The theory of conflict that is used consists of the conflict which is the psychological conflict. Moreover, the thesis writer also uses the operant conditioning theory of behavior from B.F Skinner as the supporting tool to analyze this thesis.

Keyword : american, drama, summer and smoke, williams, tennessee

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2169/

The Failure of the main female character’s efforts to escape from her miserable life in Louisa may alcott’s a long fatal love chase

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Author : JULIANY, CHANDRA

This study discusses one of Louisa MayAlcott?s novels entitled A Long Fatal Love Chase. This discussion talks about the failure of the main female character?s efforts to escape from her miserable life. It is focusing on Rosamond?s efforts and failure to escape from her miserable life. I am interested to talk about her efforts and failure in order to find out the ways Rosamond uses to escape from her miserable life and also the reasons that cause her failure to get out from it. In analyzing the novel, I use the literary theories such as the theory of characterization and the theory of conflict. The theory of characterization is useful to analyze Rosamond as the main female character in the novel while the theory of conflict is useful to analyze the inner and the outer conflicts that she faces. Rosamond?s efforts and failure appear because Rosamond wants to get out from her miserable life caused by her grandfather?s lack of affection and Phillip Tempest?s obsessive love. She does not easily give up to her fate. She does a lot of efforts to make her miserable life end. Besides, she also experiences inner conflicts and outer conflicts during her efforts to escape from her miserable life. She experiences her inner conflict when she has to choose between Phillip and De Luneville, while her outer conflict is when she consistently refuses Phillip?s offer to be his wife. Unfortunately, all her efforts are useless. She experiences failure because she is incapable to escape from Phillip?s obsessive love, but she gets her freedom through her death.

Keyword : alcott, louisa, juliany, american, fiction, female, fail

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2667/

A study in the symbolic relationship of white jacket and captain Claret in Herman Melville’s white jacket

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Author : MULYONO, KHRISTINA

In this thesis the writer attempts to center the discussion in the relationship of the two opposing elements that exist in Neversink. a warship. that is sailing on her homeward bound journey. The crew and the officers form the two opposing elements in the frigate. To voice the element of individual, she singles out the narrator of the novel, White Jacket. He is able to represent the opinions and thought of his shipmates, the crew, thoroughly. The element of authority will be represented by the captain, Captain Claret, because he is the person who is responsible in making all the decisions in the frigate and rules over the crew, as well as the officers. The thesis writer wants to find out the ways the relationship of the two elements changes during the journey and what the relationship symbolizes. The writer intends to reveal the relationship between the two elements in the beginning and in the end of the journey, when they have almost reach home. With the help of the definition of important terms, literary criticisms, theory of politics, and literary devices, such as characterization, conflict and symbolism, she will try to analyse the problem. In her analysis, she finds out that at the beginning of the voyage, the arrangement of their mealtime and the depersonalization of the crew symbolizes the abuse of the crew. By arranging the mealtime in such a way, the officers have contributed in the degrading of the crew’s health, therefore abusing their needs as individuals. Another form of the abuse of the individual can be found in the depersonalization of the crew. The officers also deny the expression of their individualism by calling them with nicknames and, even worse, numbers. However, at the end of the journey, the relationship between the elements changes. They reache a new level of relationship caused by their realization of the journey. This is marked by two important incidents. The first one is the captain cancels White Jacket’s punishment. This symbolizes that the officers compromise to the individual by demonstrating lenience toward the crew who persists in his innocence. The other important incident happens when White Jacket falls from the yard-arm and almost kill himself as a result. Only when he rips off his jacket, a symbol of his individualism, is he able to be rescued by his shipmates. At this last and most important incident takes place, White Jacket comes to realise that actually both the individual and the authority are the same at the end of the voyage because they do not know what is waiting for them in their final destination. So, they merge into one and forming the body politic of the frigate.

Keyword : american, fiction, melville, herman, white, jacket

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2224/

A study of conflicts which leads the main character, Tommy Wilhelm, to his downfall in Saul bellow’s seize the day

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Author : ADITYAWATY, ISMAYA

This thesis is a study of conflicts which leads the main character, Tommy Wilhelm, to his downfall in Saul Bellow?s Seize The Day. It analyzes the process of the male major character?s downfall through his conflicts, In the analysis, the writer uses the library research to find the data. She uses the theory of conflict to analyze his external and internal conflicts in order to learn that his character traits have triggered the conflicts that later bring him to his downfall. From the analysis, the thesis writer finds that Tommy?s failure stems from his character traits that are weaknesses, foolishness, dependence, immature, and indolence. Having those character traits, Tommy gets involved in conflicts with other characters, and also conflict with himself. At the end of this thesis, the thesis writer concludes that Tommy?s downfall is caused by his conflicts with his father and his wife. His partner also plays an important role in his downfall. Tommy?s internal conflicts also influence his downfall for he cannot decide the good way for his life. The downfall can be seen in the end parts of Seize The Day where Tommy was crying on someone funeral after he lost all his hopes. The important point of Seize The Day is the author?s irritation to the readers to appreciate this life and take the opportunity no matter how hard and difficult it would be, as long as it will be good for us. It is not the quantity of life but the quality of life that man should consider and think of.

Keyword : american, fiction, bellow, saul, character, tommy, wilhelm, conflict

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2684/

A study of village virus in gopher prairie of Sinclair Lewis’ main street

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Author : ANGGRAINI, SYLVIA

The main concern of the analysis is the Village Virus that runs down in a small Mid-West town called Gopher Prairie, reflected through its inhabitants, in the second period of the twentieth century. Actually, it was Sinclair Lewis, the author, himself who named ?the decease as village virus, and as a matter of fact, he once intended to entitle the novel The Village Virus instead of Main Street. The virus is said to be a kind of deadly virus that dehumanises living people into living dead persons whose life are monotonous, boring, and dull. However, the center of analysis will be concentrated on revealing what actually this Village Virus can be, and it will be analysed through the causes and effects of this Village Virus that lives within the life of the society of Gopher Prairie. Then, in order to make a clear description on the virus, the writer will also try to find out how the process of infecting a new person to become a living dead person. Next, the writer is going to use Carol Kennicott, the main female character, as the main proof of the living virus since previousIy she has her life thriving and after she gets infected, her life becomes as dull as the life of the rest inhabitants of Gopher Prairie. In order to accomplish these, the writer uses library research to find any data or criticisms related to the novel and to the topic; furthermore, the writer is going to utilize best literary theory, namely characterization, so that the reader would be able to see clearly what make such society like Gopher Prairie?s get so infected. Besides, there is the theory of conflict that will

Keyword : fiction, american, main street, study

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/660/

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