Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

The acceptences and violantions of converstional maxims on SCTV program “Ngobras”

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Author : YULIANA, LILY

This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the conversations in SCTV program `NGOBRAS?. This study is trying to look for the conversational maxims used by people which exist in those conversations. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can accept or violate one or more conversational maxims, particularly in the casual setting in the use of Bahasa Indonesia. In analyzing this conversational maxims, the writer uses the theory of The Cooperative Principle and The Conversational Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances accept those maxims or violate them. The writer used the qualitative approach since the data are in the form of words. The method of this study is to describe the context in terms of aims, such as, setting, participants, function, and topics; identify the types of maxims; and utterances which accepted or violated one of the conversational maxims. The overall findings show that the most frequent conversational maxims which occur is the maxim of quantity, and is followed by the maxim of relevance. Here, the numbers of the acceptance and violation of the maxim of quantity are balanced (ratio of 17 to 19), whereas most of the participants accept maxim of relevance (ratio of 16 to 2). It seems that the conversation is on information which evenly accepted and violated, and the information seems to be relevant, which is mostly accepted. And this makes the talk show alive and interesting.

Keyword : indonesian, language, discourse analysis, maxims, ngobras, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1328/

The function of conversational code switching in episodes “bancak Doyok” and “Setyawati” of RCTI “Ketoprak Humor”

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Author : , JOSEPHINE

This thesis is a study of code switching in one of the traditional play programs in RCTI, one of the Indonesian private television channels. The program that is chosen for this study is a popular traditional play `Ketoprak Humor?. The writer is interested in code switching because she notices that the use of code switching has made the performance more interesting. Moreover, this program usually contains many code switchings that need to be discussed. Therefore, this study is an attempt to make a description of the functions of conversational code switching occuring in the episodes of Ketoprak Humor entitled ‘Bancak Doyok’ and ‘Setyawati’ by analysing the languages used by the characters in their dialogues. Several theories of sociolinguistics such as theory of bilingual linguistic repertoire and Gumperz? theory of conversational code switching are employed as they help to understand conversational code switching. From the analysis, the writer finds that there are six function of conversational code switching, i.e. Quotation, Addressee Specification, Interjection, Reiteration, Message Qualification, Personalization vs Objectivization. Among the six functions of code switching, Personalization vs Objectivization has the highest occurrence. It is more dominant than other functions because the characters in `Ketoprak Humor? usually try to contrast their personal and objective message to the television audiences. Since the players perform the play in a spontaneous way and they are free to express themselves, so the characters used six types of conversational function of code switching.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, conversation, ketoprak, doyok, bancak, setyawati, television

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2557/

A Study on interruption and overlap uttered by reporters and guests in liputan enam

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Author : ERWAN, DENNY

In spoken language, especially in conversation, people can not deny the existence of interruption and it might affect a human interaction. A speaker who frequently gets interrupted might feel offended and it might disturb the interaction between the speaker with his interlocutor. There are two types of interruption which consists of the interruption itself and the overlap. The classification of interruption is based on the definition of the interruption from Zimmerman and West (1975). Interruption and overlap is a violation toward the general rule of conversation. It is said that there is only one and not more than one person who speaks in a conversation. The writer believed that interruption and overlap caused by a certain reason. The writer is interested in observing interruption and overlap in “Liputan Enam” because he wanted to know which parties in this show produced more number of interruption and overlap, especially in a interactive dialog. There are two parties in this dialog, namely reporters and guests. The writer also wanted to find out what the common reason occurred in this offended act. This research may help people understand overlap and interruption and why it occurs, so when it happens people may not feel offended. This study was a qualitative study, and the writer got the data from the transcript, which he did it manually. The writer analyzed all interruptions and overlaps from the reporters and guests which occurred in this show and classified the reasons. The writer wanted to find out what the common reason of interruption and overlap are in this study. To decide the reason of interruption and overlap the writer looked at the context of the discussion between the reporters and the guests. The writer found that overlap occurred more than interruption. He also found the reasons from interruption and overlap. In an overlap, the common reason was seeking of clarification, and the other reason was confirming, completing, denying, breaking up, agreeing, maintaining the turn, and being dissatisfied. While in an interruption, the common reason was because of seeking clarification, and the other reasons were power exercising, breaking up, and completing

Keyword : interruption, overlap, reporters, guests, liputan enam, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1988/

A Study on communication strategies used by speaking IIIE students of English Department in Petra Christian University in conversation

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Author : LAZUARDI, MENAHEM

This study is about the communication strategies used by the students of speaking IIIE in Faculty of Letters. The writer analyses the types of communication strategies used by the students, and also the types of communication strategies used most by the students. The writer does this study based on the theory of communication strateges by William Littlewood. Littlewood said that when the people find difficulties in expressing their ideas, they use utterance called communication strategies. The writer does this study by observing the class and recording the entire sentence produced by the students. The data with communication strategies wiIl be analysed based on the types and characteristics of communication strategies. The result of this study reveals that the students did almost all the types communication strategies, except paraphrasing. The writer found that most communication strategies used by the students are using approximation strategies, and the combination of switching to native language strategy and seeking help strategy

Keyword : english, language, speaking, student, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2621/

The Flouting of conversational maxims in FRIENDS

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Author : IMELDA, ALICIA

The Cooperative Principle has an important role in the conversation. It should be obeyed by the speaker and the hearer in order to have a smooth conversation. Grice proposed the Cooperative Principles that are reflected in the four maxims of conversation: they are, the Maxim of Quantity, the Maxim of Quality, the Maxim of Relevance, and the Maxim of Manner. In a conversation, sometimes people may flout those maxims for some certain reasons even though it does not mean that they fail to communicate with each other. This study discusses the reasons of flouting the conversational maxims in comedy serials Friends. The writer is interested in finding out the mostly flouted maxim and the reasons behind the flouting done by the characters in Friends because she realizes that maxims of conversation are important in the conversation. The writer limits her study to the conversation in the three episodes of serial Friends. In analyzing the data, she uses Grice?s theory of conversational maxims. The writer uses descriptive approach to describe the reasons behind the flouting of maxims by the characters in Friends. She puts the reasons of each maxim in the table in order to make her easier knowing the most flouted maxim. After doing the analysis, she has found out that the Maxim of Quantity is the most flouted in Friends. Moreover, there are many reasons for flouting each maxim such as being clear, being cynical, hiding something, ending the conversation, changing the conversation topic.

Keyword : english language, conversation, phrase books, spoken english

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2056/

Pre-sequences in the conversations between red and carrie mae in summer stories by Nola Thacker

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Author : PUSPITANING, ARUMTYAS

Conversation is used for expressing people?s opinion, which is very important in communication. According to Mey (1983), conversation is a way of using language socially involving of two people or more. One of the common features in conversation is known as pre-sequences. Pre-sequence means utterances coming before the other utterances which is in the beginning of a conversation or certain utterances which belong to the opening sequence of a conversation. In this study, the writer attempts to find out about what kinds of pre-sequence types are used by children and what are the responses in their conversation. The children observed by the writer are Red and Carrie Mae in SUMMER STORIES by Nola Thacker through their untterances. In analyzing the data, the writer uses Light Bown, Stephen C levinson, and Jacob L Mey theory of pre-sequences and also first language acquisition for the theory. The writer uses a descriptive qualitative approach to describe the types of pre-sequence and the responses used by Red and Carrie Mae. After analyzing the data, the writer found out that there were four types of pre-sequences occuring in Red and Carrie Mae conversation. After describing the analysis, the findings show that the pre-sequences type used are pre-request, pre-invitation, pre-arrangement, and pre-announcement. The dominant type is pre-announcement. Furthermore, the main characters have already known how to arrange better conversation by using pre-sequence utterances. From that explanation, the writer can conclude that pre-sequences are important in arranging conversation because pre-sequences belong to opening sequence in delivering the message of a conversation.

Keyword : pre sequences, conversation, red and carrie mae in summer stories

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4121/

A Motherese conversational structure in a conversation between some adults and a two-year-old child

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Author : CYNTHIA, DIAN

This study is about motherese which is used by the adults to talk or communicate with a two-year-old child. The writer is interested in this topic because there are limited investigations of motherese and because the writer has involved in babysitting a two-year-old child. In this study the writer focuses on the conversation analysis between the child’s parents, her aunt and her grandfather in a daily conversation to know the distinguish characteristics of talking with a child. The investigation on conversation analysis limited to the conversation structure, especially on how the turn taking takes place, the use of adjacency pairs in opening, in the conversation, and closing the conversation. In this study the writer observes and records the conversation between the subject and the child for several weeks. By focusing on the subjects’ utterances in the conversation the writer finds how the turn taking occur and adjacency pairs are used in motherese conversation with a child which are different in conversation between adults and other adults. The finding proves that there are several distinguished features due to the turn taking and the use of adjacency pairs in motherese conversation with a child. By investigating the motherese conversation it turns out that the conversation is not opened by greeting-greeting pairs, and in the conversation the next speaker is the one who is addressed by the current speaker. Moreover, the request-grant pairs are the pair that mostly occurs during the conversation. Thus, the closing sequences are used to close the conversation that ends with greetings.

Keyword : motherese conversational structure, conversation, adults and a two year old child

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2075/

The Closing utterances in conversation used by young people in Rantepao,Tana Toraja

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Author : SAMBO, AGUSTINA

This study concerns with informal face-to-face conversation. It focuses on closing utterances spoken by young people in Rantepao, Tana Toraja. Besides, the writer also wants to know the sequence expressions and the types of sequence expressions that are used for the movement out of closing in each closing utterance. The data are taken from recorded informal conversation done by sixteen young people in Rantepao, Tana Toraja, of age seventeen or more. Four of them are supposed to start the conversation and twelve of them are the informants. Each of the first speakers makes three conversations with three different informants. Hence, this study analyzes twelve recorded conversations. This study is supported by Discourse Analysis of conversation theory by Button. Finally, the writer finds out that young people in Rantepao, Tana Toraja tend to use closing utterances consisting of sequence expression to initiate a movement out of closing and closing components to end the conversation. Furthermore, the writer finds out that from four closing components suggested by Button, young people in Rantepao, Tana Toraja are not necessary use all the closing components to end and terminate conversation. Next, to categorize the types of sequence expressions used by young people in Rantepao, Tana Toraja, the writer finds out that they used all the six sequence types suggested by Button. They are sequence types of arrangements, back-references, topic initial elicitors, `In conversation? objects, solicitudes, and appreciations. However, there are some sequence expressions that cannot be categorized in Button?s sequence types; therefore, the writer formulates a set of sequence types that are used by young people in Rantepao, Tana Toraja. They are arrangements, back-references, topic initial elicitors, “In conversation” object, solicitudes, appreciations, summary, reinforcement, justification, reason, and winding up talk.

Keyword : closing utterances, utterances, conversation, tana toraja

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4932/

The Types of communication strategies used by speaking class students with different communication apprehension levels of english department, Petra Christian University

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Author : SYLVIA, AGATHA

This is a study about the types of Communication Strategies used by thirty students of English Department of Petra Christian University with different levels of Communication Apprehension. The writer chooses this topic because she observes that many students experience Communication Apprehension, which can influence the use of types of Communication Strategies. The writer attempts to find out the types of Communication Strategies used by students with high and low levels of Communication Apprehension and the types of Communication Strategies mostly used by them. In addition, she intends to find out whether students with high level of Communication Apprehension use more numbers of Communication Strategies rather than those with low level of Communication Apprehension. Language Anxiety by Horwitz et al. and Brown, Communication Apprehension by Daly and McCroskey, and Communication Strategies by Dornyei are the theories used in this study. The data are collected in a classroom created by the writer from two tasks-pictorial story telling and pictorial instruction. The writer finds that there are twelve types of Communication Strategies used by students with high Communication le vel; repetition, approximation, and using fillers are the Communication Strategies mostly used by them. There are thirteen types of Communication Strategies used by students with low Communication Apprehension level; and approximation, using fillers, and repetition are the Communication Strategies mostly used by them. It is also true that students with high Communication Apprehension level use more numbers of Communication Strategies than those with low Communication Apprehension level. Overall, the writer finds that actually English Foreign Language Learners of English Department of Petra Christian University experience Communication Apprehension in different levels, high and low, which influences the use of types of Communication Strategies they employ in oral presentation.

Keyword : conversation, dialoque, english language, speeking, oral communication

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2101/

The Study compliment responses produced by some characters in ‘Emma’ movie

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Author : , YENI

This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in Emma movie. The movie story is based on the novel Emma written by Jane Austen. There are several male and female characters in that story and they use different type of responses. The research problem is that there might be some differences between compliment responses which produced by male and female interlocutors. Through this study, the writer wanted to find out what types of compliment responses which are used in Emma movie. The characters, which consist of male and female, use different types of responses, and the writer makes an attempt to find out what type of compliment responses are used in the movie, and types of responses which are preferred to by male and female characters. The data are analyzed following Herbert?s theory about the types of compliment responses. The writer discovered that male and female characters are different in giving compliment responses. The writer found out that there is no compliment response that is used by male to male interlocutors and male in speaking to female and male interlocutors. In speaking to female, male mostly used comment acceptance, praise up grade, return, and qualification type. Female in speaking to the same gender mostly uses comment acceptance, return, and qualification type. Female in speaking to male prefers to use comment acceptance type. Female in speaking to female and male they use praise up grade and question type. The total of female in speaking to the same gender is higher than male in speaking to the same gender because female speakers are more active than male speakers in the conversation. Males always deal with different gender and never with the same gender while females deal with both genders. The writer concluded that there are no significant differences between male and female in giving compliment responses and there are also many various form in giving compliment responses.

Keyword : compliments, conversation, sociolinguistics, emma

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2119/

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