Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

An analysis of coherence in radio commercial broadcasted by radio Suzana

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Author : ANGGRAENI, IMELDA

This study is done in order to find out the coherence in radio commercial broadcasted Radio Suzana.Such aim is broken down into two main problems of the study which are What aspects of coherence devices are used in the conversations of radio commercial broadcasted by Radio Suzana ? and what function do these radio commercials, broadcasted by Radio Suzana play to correspond to the aspect of coherence?. The discourse theories used in solving these problems are Speecn Act theory,Cooperative Principle theory,Determining Inferences to be made and also Hyme?s Ethnography of Communication according to Brown and Yule (1 985). Seven radio commercial broadcasted by Radio Suzana, each taken from different topics, are collected as the data and analyzed using those four theories above. The data were obtained through recording the radio commercial broadcasted by Radio Suzana when the participants were speaking in one month. The findings show that the aspect of coherence, Speech Act theory, mostly used directive. The next aspect of comerence, Cooperative Principle theory, which occurred in a great deal of numbers was quantity maxim, while manner maxim occurred at the least.

Keyword : linguistic, discourse analysis, radio, commercial, broadcasting

The Communication strategies in conversations used by the good and poor students of speaking 4 of the english department of petra christian university

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Author : RAHAYU, FONNY

This study observed the communication strategies used by good and poor students of speaking four in Faculty of Letters. It focused on kinds of types of communication strategies produced by good students, kinds of types of communication strategies produced by poor students, and the differences between the good and poor students in using communication strategies in a conversation. The data were taken from recording the conversation in which the topics were made by the writer. The role-play was done by twenty students, ten of them are good students and ten of them are poor students. The data were analyzed based on the theory of communication strategies. The findings showed that the good students used seven strategies; meanwhile the poor students used six strategies. The number of using the strategies shows that the good students are more successful than poor students in maintaining conversations.

Keyword : english language, discourse analysis, conversation, communication strategies, good and poor student

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2186/

The intended meaning of smurf words in smurf comic strips

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Author : SURYAWINATA, LINGGA

This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the coherence on the language used in comic strips. The writer wonders how the readers understand the meaning of `Smurf? in the comic strips which the `Smurf’ words carry different meanings. Besides, the writer also wants to find out what is the intended meaning of `Smurf? in the comic strips. To limit the research activities the writer takes six pieces of comic strips taken from Smurf magazine in May and June edition, 1991, as her data. In analyzing the data the writer did several steps. First, she described the context of situation, by using the theory of Hyme?s Ethnography of Speaking. Second, she described the meaning of each dialogue in each comic strip based on Brown and Yule theories on Coherence concerning the two aspects of recognizing coherent texts, namely; the general socio-cultural knowledge (frame, scripts and schemata) and the inference. Third, she noted down all the intended meaning in `Smuff words that had been underlined. From the analysis, the writer finds out that the word `Smurf? in the comic strips is used to replace different vocabularies. Although the word `Smurf’ is not used to replace particular words, there are some of them have the same meaning, like the words; make, fly, to do and surprise. Finally, the writer finds out that language and culture are interrelated. That?s why to convey the intended message from the comic strip, the readers have to know about social background knowledge and cultural background knowledge used in the comic strip. Since the Smurf comic strips used a lot of `Smurf words, the readers have to interpret the intended meaning by themselves. Without social background knowledge and cultural background knowledge the readers might end with misunderstanding or misinterpretation in reading the comic strip.

Keyword : linguistic, english, language, discourse analysis, smurf

A Study of topical strategies and topic shift markers at lec of petra christian university

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Author : AUDREY, EVALINCE

Language is very important in human communication. It is used to share information and maintain social relationships. When two or more people meet, conversation may occur. This also happens between teachers and students in classrooms. In teaching, the teacher tends to talk about one topic and then shift and develop it into many new topics or sub-topics and sometimes use markers to mark the shift also. The writer is eager to find the types of topical strategies and topic shift markers that are often used by teachers in teaching adults in the conversation classes of PPB – Language Education Center of Petra Christian University. She also wants to know how the frequencies of topical strategies and topic shift markers are used by the teachers in teaching the adults in the conversation classes. The writer employs Stenstrom?s theory about topical strategies (1994) and Schiffrin?s theory about discourse markers (1991) in analyzing the data. Qualitative approach is used in this study. The data were found through recording the subjects while the teachers were teaching the students for two hours in every meeting. From the analysis of this study, the types of topical strategies, the types of topic shift markers, and how the frequencies of topical strategies and topic shift markers are used in teaching the students are discovered. The writer found that in teaching, the teachers use all of the topical strategies available and also the teachers used “question”, “now”, “alright/that?s all/okay”, “oh”, “so”, “eh”, “pause”, “then”, “come on”, and “well” as the topic shift markers. These findings indicate that the teachers tend to shift and develop one topic into many new topics and subtopics. Moreover, questions are used by the teachers to introduce new topics. It is the topic shift marker that the teachers mostly used in teaching the students because the teacher is the one who controlled over the class conditions.

Keyword : english language, discourse analysis, conversation, topic shift, topic shift marker, topical strategies

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2188/

A Study of code-mixing in the conversation of Indy Barens and Indra Bekti in Ceriwis in Trans TV

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Author : DAMAYANTI, SISKA

This research is to analyze code mixing that is produced by Indy Barens and Indra Bekti in a talk show called Ceriwis in TRANS TV. The main purpose of this study is to find out about the reason behind why the presenters mix the code and who mixes the codes more, the male (Indra Bekti) or the female (Indy Barens) presenter. For that purpose, the writer uses some theories such as an opinion about code mixing and the purposes of mixing the code by Holmes (1992) and Wardhaugh (1986), discourse analysis by Holec (1985) and McCarthy (1991), language and gender by Holmes (1992), Lakoff (1975), Cameron (1990), and Trudgill (1974), standard and non standard language by Holmes (1992), Kramsch (1998), and Widdowson, and the supporting theories on the linguistic characteristics of one of the varieties languages that are produced by the presenters, by Lumintaintang and Harijatiwidjaya. In collecting the data, the writer recorded the program in two shows and then she transcribed it so that the writer can analyze it. Furthermore, from the findings the writer figured out that the female (Indy Barens) mixes the code more than the male (Indra Bekti), yet, they have the same purpose in mixing the code that is, mostly, to show solidarity. Additionally, through this research the writer found that the informal language that produce by the presenters favored by the audiences.

Keyword : code mixing, discourse analysis, language and gender, standard or non standard language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/763/

Code mixing used in Radio Program ‘Suegele Rek’ of Suzana Radio FM

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Author : SRI, DINDA

This research is to analyze code mixing done by the announcers and callers in a talk show program called Suegele Lek on Susana Radio FM. The main purpose of this study is to find out about the kind of a code mixing that is most frequently used, why they arise in the data and what language components which are mostly mixed up by the announcers and callers. I doing this study the writer uses some theories such as a theory of a code mixing and the purpose of mixing the code by Holmes and Wardaugh, discourse analysis by McCharty, and supporting theory about a language standardization in a diglossic situation by Albert Valdman. In collecting the data, the writer recorded the program for a duration of three hours in a day of the show and then she transcribed it so that the writer can analyze it. Furthermore, from the findings the writer discovered that the announcers dominated the mixing code than the callers, yet, they have the same purpose in mixing the code that is, mostly, to show solidarity. Additionally, through this research the writer found the way the presenters use a non standard language favored by the audiences.

Keyword : code mixing, code switching, discourse analysis, diglossic

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4458/

The Generic structure potential of texts produced by a sales promotion girl speaking to her prospective customers

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Author : INDRAWATI, MARTHASARI

This thesis is a study of the structure of text in the speech interaction between the sales promotion girl and her prospective customers. The researcher only analyzed the speech interaction between one sales promotion girl and her four prospective customers. In this study the researcher tried to answer three questions. First, the writer wants to find out the actual structure of texts in conversation between the sales promotion girl of cosmetics and her four customers. The second one, she also wants to find out the generic structure potential of texts in this study. And the last, she interested to find out the linguistic function which could be identified to signify the element of texts in this study. To answer the research problems, the researcher uses Halliday and Hasan?s theory to analyze the texts, categorizing them into elements, finding the actual structure, and finally finding the generic structure potential. Having analyzed the data, the researcher found out that the persuasive utterances from the sales promotion girl sometimes cannot change the customer?s mind to buy the product. From the findings, the researcher also found out that those five texts which have been analyzed have different actual structures, but they share common elements of text structure, such as: SI, SP, SIR, NSIR, SR, SC, SE, S, P, PC, and C. In addition, by comparing the realization of each actual structure of the text, the writer came to a conclusion of the general structure of text (the generic structure potential): [SI^] [SP? (NSIR?) (SIR?) (SE?) (SR?)^(SC?) (S?)] (P)^(PC) (C). Finally, the writer found out that the elements which occur in the texts have some function such as: SI (Sale Initiation) has a function as an invitation, SP (Sale Persuasion) has a function as persuasive effort which is used by the sales promotion girl to persuade the customers, and so on.

Keyword : discourse analysis, persuasive text, generic structure potential

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/770/

The Study of conversational maxims in play entitled LUV

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Author : WULANDARI, LYLY

This thesis is study of conversational maxims that are found in the conversations that occur between characters: Milt, Ellen and Harry in the play LUV It is about the relationship between friends (Milt and Harry/Harry and Ellen) and a couple (Milt and Ellen/Ellen and Harry). Throughout this study, the writer wants to analyse what conversational maxims that are used by each character (when talking to the other and vise versa). Besides, she also discusses what the relationship between the characters or how the conversational maxims are used. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can violate or obey one or more conversational maxims. The limiation of her discussion pairs and each pair consists of four fragments. The writer t hinks that the play is worth discussing because basically, the existance of man is unseparable of violating or obeying the conversational maxims. In analysing this conversational maxims, she uses The Cooperative Principles and The Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances obey those maxims or violate them. She chooses this play since Murray Schisgal’s work entitled LUV amused New York audiences during a long run. And she finally found that all of the conversational maxims are used in the play and the relation between characters influances the Conversational Maxims whether he/she violates or obyes.

Keyword : conversational maxims, discourse analysis, linguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4537/

The acceptences and violantions of converstional maxims on SCTV program “Ngobras”

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Author : YULIANA, LILY

This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the conversations in SCTV program `NGOBRAS?. This study is trying to look for the conversational maxims used by people which exist in those conversations. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can accept or violate one or more conversational maxims, particularly in the casual setting in the use of Bahasa Indonesia. In analyzing this conversational maxims, the writer uses the theory of The Cooperative Principle and The Conversational Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances accept those maxims or violate them. The writer used the qualitative approach since the data are in the form of words. The method of this study is to describe the context in terms of aims, such as, setting, participants, function, and topics; identify the types of maxims; and utterances which accepted or violated one of the conversational maxims. The overall findings show that the most frequent conversational maxims which occur is the maxim of quantity, and is followed by the maxim of relevance. Here, the numbers of the acceptance and violation of the maxim of quantity are balanced (ratio of 17 to 19), whereas most of the participants accept maxim of relevance (ratio of 16 to 2). It seems that the conversation is on information which evenly accepted and violated, and the information seems to be relevant, which is mostly accepted. And this makes the talk show alive and interesting.

Keyword : indonesian, language, discourse analysis, maxims, ngobras, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1328/

An Analysis of cohesion in “National News” taken from The Jakarta Post

Author : , LIEDIAWATI

This thesis is about an analysis of cohesion in “National News”, which is taken from The Jakarta Post. Since The Jakarta Post is a daily English newspaper and it gives complete information to its readers, the writer is curious to find out the quality of either its text or its sentences. In other words, the writer wanted to know whether the text of the “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive or not. Therefore, she tried to examine carefully the cohesive devices and the violations in the text. The writer applied M.A.K. Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan’s cohesion theory. They divided cohesion into two major points that are the grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. In terms of grammatical cohesion, it is divided into reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction while in the terms of lexical cohesion, it is divided into reiteration and collocation. The writer divided and analyzed her data into the fulfillment of cohesive devices and the violation of cohesive devices. First, she identified the data as being a fulfillment or a violation. Then, she analyzed the fulfillment of the data in terms of grammatical and lexical cohesion. She also used the same procedure for the violations. To get the percentage of both the fulfillment and violation of cohesive devices she compared them by using a certain formula. At last, the findings show fiat the fulfillment of cohesive devices is 93,08% and the violation of cohesive devices is 6,92%. Thus, she concluded that the text of four “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive.

Keyword : english language, cohesion, termionology, discourse analysis, jakarta post, national news, grammatical cohesion, lexical cohesion

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4780/

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