Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


A Study on politeness strategies used by the interviewers in a foreign exchange company

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The use of politeness strategies is one of the speaking styles which are usually used by people in order to make the communication process between speaker and hearer go smoothly. According to Brown and Levinson the politeness strategies themselves are divided into two, i.e. the positive politeness and negative politeness. The Writer conducted this study in order to find out what politeness strategies are used by the interviewers, what positive politeness strategies are mostly used by interviewers and what negative politeness strategies are mostly used by interviewers. In this research, the writer uses descriptive approach . In conducting the research, the writer uses the recorded material containing the process of interview. The interview was taken from PT Money Mall, a kind of International standard company dealing with the foreign currency in looking for clients to invest money. There are four interviews. The interviewers as Marketing Managers and the interviewees as the job applicants. The data consist of the interviewers? utterances, which are underlined and numbered The writer uses Brown and Levinson?s criteria about the positive and negative politeness. There are fifteen strategies of positive politeness and ten strategies of negative politeness. After four interviews had been analyzed, they are. combined into one table containing the number of strategies from the whole interview, together with the table explanations and table of percentage of the politeness strategy as the findings. The finding also discusses the tendency or the reasons why the interviewer used certain expressions showing the certain strategies. Finally, the writer tries to interpret what the writer has found by using the theories connected with the politeness strategies itself and he related with P,D, R rating concerned with the positive and negative politeness. In conclusion, the writer concludes that the interviewers use more positive politeness than negative politeness.

Keyword : politeness strategies, sociolinguistics, linguistic, discourse analysis

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1517/

The Politeness strategies produced by Gaylord Focker and Jack Byrnes in meet the parents and the factors of each usage

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Politeness Strategies is a theory that was proposed by Brown and Levinson after their research in India. The writer is interested in this theory because by knowing and understanding this theory, it can help the writer to build relationship with others in his daily lives and also it can avoid misunderstanding. In his research, the writer examined the politeness strategies that are used by the two main characters in a film “Meet the Parents”, they are Gaylord Fokker (Greg) as the future son in law and Jack Byrnes as Pam?s father and also Greg?s father to be. Furthermore, the writer also wants to identify and explain the factors in using certain politeness strategies. In his research, the writer attempts to find whether people with opposite roles, here are Greg and Jack, still show politeness to each other. In the film, it seems that they do not like each other, but they still show politeness and interestingly, the result of this study shows that both characters, Greg and Jack, apply positive politeness the most. Positive politeness is a strategy to enhance hearer?s face in order to minimize the distance between them. It appears they are showing politeness because they have the same purpose, which is to make Pam happy. Finally, the writer draws a conclusion that there are two important factors that can influence the interlocutors in using politeness strategies, they are social status and social distance between them.

Keyword : discourse analysis, politeness strategies, face, ftas

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/5142/

An Investigation of opening expressions produced by 19-22 years old female and male students of the Faculty of Letters English Department in Petra Christian University

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The way to express the opening expression has become a kind of important expression in people?s interaction. It is because in everyday conversation, almost all people produce the opening expressions toward their interlocutors before they start to talk about the main topic. Also, the opening expression may indicate that we admit the existence of others or we concern to others. Thus, I am interested in studying more about the use of opening expressions from the students? point of view, In this study, I analyze the use of opening expression in terms of topic, types of opening expressions, the types of sentences. After that, I analyze the similar and different ways of producing the opening expressions between females and males. The data are collected from females? and males? utterances based on the observation. In conducting this research, I use the qualitative approach to get holistic picture about opening expressions. In analyzing the data, I present the data into tables in order to find the similarities and/or differences of the opening expressions in terms of topic, types of opening expressions, the types of sentences produced by females and males students. In findings, mostly, females talk about free time and entertainment and relation with others. Meanwhile, males talk about education and future career. Both females and males produce the opening expressions in the forms of sentences or more than one word and say them in interrogative forms and simple sentences.

Keyword : linguistics, study, teaching, english, language, discourse analysis, social, female, male, student, english department, petra christian university

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1852/

A Study of cohesive devices of gado-gado text in femina magazines

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There are two ways to communicate with other people in society that is written language and spoken language. People can choose written language as an alternative to communicate through the text. In a text, there are many phrases, words, and sentences which have to be united and stick together. With the help of cohesive devices, the texts are able to have good unity in connecting phrases, words, and sentences. If a text has a good unity, people are able to convey what is the intended meaning being interpreted. The writer of this thesis is interested in analyzing the cohesiveness of a written language in a text of Femina magazine. Femina magazine is weekly magazine and published once in a week. The contents of Femina is various, such as fashion rubric, family rubric, amusing story rubric, which is called henceforth Gado-gado. She chooses `Gado-gado? text in Femina magazine as her object of study. The problems in this study are divided into two parts, grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion, which are the criteria of being cohesive. Dealing with the above statement, the writer wants to know whether `Gado-gado? text in Femina magazine is cohesive in terms of grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. In her analysis, the main theory that is used by the researcher is the theory of cohesive by Halliday and Hasan (1976). The theory talks about grammatical cohesive which can be conveyed through reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction; and lexical cohesive through reiteration and collocation. The writer would also like to find the frequency of the cohesive devices, which are used in `Gado-gado? text. This research is descriptive method because the method is used to describe the type of cohesive devices in `Gado-gado? article. The writer reads the texts and the writer identifies the data which is cohesive. After that, the writer selects the types of cohesive devices of each item by putting the data in a table and then counts the number of occurrences of each type of the cohesive in each text. Then, adds up the occurrences of the cohesive devices in all three texts. Thewriter tabulates all the cohesive devices in all editions. Finally, she counts thepercentage of each type. From the findings, the writer found that the language of magazine text in Gado-gado is considered cohesive. The final findings shows that the language used in Gado-Gado article reflects the grammatical cohesive by using many occurrences of cohesive devices such as reference, conjunction, substitution, and ellipsis. In this study, the writer only found nominal substitution and nominal ellipsis. Gado-gado is also reflected the lexical cohesive by using reiteration and collocation. It can be seen that the type of cohesive, which mostly occurred, is reached by conjunction and reference.

Keyword : discourse analysis, indonesian language, cohesive, femina magazines

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2089/

Some problems in mother and daughter relationship explained through illocutionary and perlocutionary acts in Anywhere but here

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In verbal communication, sometimes the process does not run smoothly. It happens because the hearer does not know what the speaker expects. Because communication is very important to make a better relationship, the researcher is interested in analyzing speech acts, which play important roles in communication, especially in the illocutions and the perlocution and the factors of communication problems. In the data, the writer chooses “Anywhere but Here” because there are many communication problems, especially between Adele as a mother and Ann as a daughter. For the theory, she used Speech Act theory. In collecting the data, the writer transcribed the film then she classified and identified the illocutions and the perlocutions of the utterances and then concluded which area that creates communication problem. In analysis, the researcher found out that the area, which causes communication problems the most, is in Giving (More) Explanation, Asking the Hearer to Do Something, Criticizing and Mocking. As the conclusion, the writer concluded that people could minimize communication problems in their relationship if they understand the expectation of the speaker.

Keyword : discourse analysis, english language, semantics, semiotics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2091/

A Study of the flouting of conversational maxims in Srimulat show, Sampek Engtay

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Author : , FANNY

Conversation is very important in communication. When people have conversation, there is a risk that one could misunderstand the others. Thus, Paul Grice (1965), propose a principle called “Cooperative Principle” in conversation. This principle has to be followed so that people could have a smooth conversation. To fulfill this principle, Grice states four maxims to be followed. However, from some investigations, the flouting of maxims could create humorous effects in certain situation such as comedy. This phenomenon interested me to investigate the flouting of maxims in Srimulat comedian group. Thus, I began to investigate the flouting of Conversational Maxim that happened in one episode of Srimulat?s performances, entitled “Sampek Engtay” and performed in Indosiar on October 2 nd 2001. I chose Srimulat because besides it is the most famous comedian groups in Indonesia, the characters in the group are witty people, and they are very clever in playing with words. I chose the episode “Sampek Engtay”, because the setting of the story in Chinese, so I assume that there would be many chances for the characters to play with words, especially in mixing Indonesian, Javanese and Chinese. Besides Grice?s theory, I also used some theories about humor from Raskin (1985), Norrick (1986), and Attardo (1993). In this investigation, I wanted to know what maxims were flouted and what maxim was flouted the most by the characters in Srimulat. From the study, I found that the characters in Srimulat comedian group flouted three maxims, namely Maxim of Relevance, Maxim of Manner and Maxim of Quality while Maxim of Quantity was never flouted. The most flouted maxim was the Maxim of Relevance, the second was the Maxim of Manner and the third was the Maxim of Quality. The flouting of the maxims showed that in a certain conversation, people might flout the maxims to cause humor, and that what was used by Srimulat as one of their strategies to make the audience laugh. However, it might be difficult to achieve smooth conversation if we deliberately flout the maxims. It can cause misunderstanding or conflict. This flouting that causes humorous effect only can be done in certain situation such as in a comedy.

Keyword : discourse analysis, indonesian language, semantics, srimulat, sampek engtay, conversational maxims

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2165/

An analysis of coherence in radio commercial broadcasted by radio Suzana

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This study is done in order to find out the coherence in radio commercial broadcasted Radio Suzana.Such aim is broken down into two main problems of the study which are What aspects of coherence devices are used in the conversations of radio commercial broadcasted by Radio Suzana ? and what function do these radio commercials, broadcasted by Radio Suzana play to correspond to the aspect of coherence?. The discourse theories used in solving these problems are Speecn Act theory,Cooperative Principle theory,Determining Inferences to be made and also Hyme?s Ethnography of Communication according to Brown and Yule (1 985). Seven radio commercial broadcasted by Radio Suzana, each taken from different topics, are collected as the data and analyzed using those four theories above. The data were obtained through recording the radio commercial broadcasted by Radio Suzana when the participants were speaking in one month. The findings show that the aspect of coherence, Speech Act theory, mostly used directive. The next aspect of comerence, Cooperative Principle theory, which occurred in a great deal of numbers was quantity maxim, while manner maxim occurred at the least.

Keyword : linguistic, discourse analysis, radio, commercial, broadcasting

The Communication strategies in conversations used by the good and poor students of speaking 4 of the english department of petra christian university

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This study observed the communication strategies used by good and poor students of speaking four in Faculty of Letters. It focused on kinds of types of communication strategies produced by good students, kinds of types of communication strategies produced by poor students, and the differences between the good and poor students in using communication strategies in a conversation. The data were taken from recording the conversation in which the topics were made by the writer. The role-play was done by twenty students, ten of them are good students and ten of them are poor students. The data were analyzed based on the theory of communication strategies. The findings showed that the good students used seven strategies; meanwhile the poor students used six strategies. The number of using the strategies shows that the good students are more successful than poor students in maintaining conversations.

Keyword : english language, discourse analysis, conversation, communication strategies, good and poor student

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2186/

The intended meaning of smurf words in smurf comic strips

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This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the coherence on the language used in comic strips. The writer wonders how the readers understand the meaning of `Smurf? in the comic strips which the `Smurf’ words carry different meanings. Besides, the writer also wants to find out what is the intended meaning of `Smurf? in the comic strips. To limit the research activities the writer takes six pieces of comic strips taken from Smurf magazine in May and June edition, 1991, as her data. In analyzing the data the writer did several steps. First, she described the context of situation, by using the theory of Hyme?s Ethnography of Speaking. Second, she described the meaning of each dialogue in each comic strip based on Brown and Yule theories on Coherence concerning the two aspects of recognizing coherent texts, namely; the general socio-cultural knowledge (frame, scripts and schemata) and the inference. Third, she noted down all the intended meaning in `Smuff words that had been underlined. From the analysis, the writer finds out that the word `Smurf? in the comic strips is used to replace different vocabularies. Although the word `Smurf’ is not used to replace particular words, there are some of them have the same meaning, like the words; make, fly, to do and surprise. Finally, the writer finds out that language and culture are interrelated. That?s why to convey the intended message from the comic strip, the readers have to know about social background knowledge and cultural background knowledge used in the comic strip. Since the Smurf comic strips used a lot of `Smurf words, the readers have to interpret the intended meaning by themselves. Without social background knowledge and cultural background knowledge the readers might end with misunderstanding or misinterpretation in reading the comic strip.

Keyword : linguistic, english, language, discourse analysis, smurf

A Study of topical strategies and topic shift markers at lec of petra christian university

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Language is very important in human communication. It is used to share information and maintain social relationships. When two or more people meet, conversation may occur. This also happens between teachers and students in classrooms. In teaching, the teacher tends to talk about one topic and then shift and develop it into many new topics or sub-topics and sometimes use markers to mark the shift also. The writer is eager to find the types of topical strategies and topic shift markers that are often used by teachers in teaching adults in the conversation classes of PPB – Language Education Center of Petra Christian University. She also wants to know how the frequencies of topical strategies and topic shift markers are used by the teachers in teaching the adults in the conversation classes. The writer employs Stenstrom?s theory about topical strategies (1994) and Schiffrin?s theory about discourse markers (1991) in analyzing the data. Qualitative approach is used in this study. The data were found through recording the subjects while the teachers were teaching the students for two hours in every meeting. From the analysis of this study, the types of topical strategies, the types of topic shift markers, and how the frequencies of topical strategies and topic shift markers are used in teaching the students are discovered. The writer found that in teaching, the teachers use all of the topical strategies available and also the teachers used “question”, “now”, “alright/that?s all/okay”, “oh”, “so”, “eh”, “pause”, “then”, “come on”, and “well” as the topic shift markers. These findings indicate that the teachers tend to shift and develop one topic into many new topics and subtopics. Moreover, questions are used by the teachers to introduce new topics. It is the topic shift marker that the teachers mostly used in teaching the students because the teacher is the one who controlled over the class conditions.

Keyword : english language, discourse analysis, conversation, topic shift, topic shift marker, topical strategies

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2188/

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