Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

The Generic structure potential of texts produced by a sales promotion girl speaking to her prospective customers

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Author : INDRAWATI, MARTHASARI

This thesis is a study of the structure of text in the speech interaction between the sales promotion girl and her prospective customers. The researcher only analyzed the speech interaction between one sales promotion girl and her four prospective customers. In this study the researcher tried to answer three questions. First, the writer wants to find out the actual structure of texts in conversation between the sales promotion girl of cosmetics and her four customers. The second one, she also wants to find out the generic structure potential of texts in this study. And the last, she interested to find out the linguistic function which could be identified to signify the element of texts in this study. To answer the research problems, the researcher uses Halliday and Hasan?s theory to analyze the texts, categorizing them into elements, finding the actual structure, and finally finding the generic structure potential. Having analyzed the data, the researcher found out that the persuasive utterances from the sales promotion girl sometimes cannot change the customer?s mind to buy the product. From the findings, the researcher also found out that those five texts which have been analyzed have different actual structures, but they share common elements of text structure, such as: SI, SP, SIR, NSIR, SR, SC, SE, S, P, PC, and C. In addition, by comparing the realization of each actual structure of the text, the writer came to a conclusion of the general structure of text (the generic structure potential): [SI^] [SP? (NSIR?) (SIR?) (SE?) (SR?)^(SC?) (S?)] (P)^(PC) (C). Finally, the writer found out that the elements which occur in the texts have some function such as: SI (Sale Initiation) has a function as an invitation, SP (Sale Persuasion) has a function as persuasive effort which is used by the sales promotion girl to persuade the customers, and so on.

Keyword : discourse analysis, persuasive text, generic structure potential

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/770/

The Study of conversational maxims in play entitled LUV

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Author : WULANDARI, LYLY

This thesis is study of conversational maxims that are found in the conversations that occur between characters: Milt, Ellen and Harry in the play LUV It is about the relationship between friends (Milt and Harry/Harry and Ellen) and a couple (Milt and Ellen/Ellen and Harry). Throughout this study, the writer wants to analyse what conversational maxims that are used by each character (when talking to the other and vise versa). Besides, she also discusses what the relationship between the characters or how the conversational maxims are used. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can violate or obey one or more conversational maxims. The limiation of her discussion pairs and each pair consists of four fragments. The writer t hinks that the play is worth discussing because basically, the existance of man is unseparable of violating or obeying the conversational maxims. In analysing this conversational maxims, she uses The Cooperative Principles and The Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances obey those maxims or violate them. She chooses this play since Murray Schisgal’s work entitled LUV amused New York audiences during a long run. And she finally found that all of the conversational maxims are used in the play and the relation between characters influances the Conversational Maxims whether he/she violates or obyes.

Keyword : conversational maxims, discourse analysis, linguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4537/

The acceptences and violantions of converstional maxims on SCTV program “Ngobras”

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Author : YULIANA, LILY

This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the conversations in SCTV program `NGOBRAS?. This study is trying to look for the conversational maxims used by people which exist in those conversations. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can accept or violate one or more conversational maxims, particularly in the casual setting in the use of Bahasa Indonesia. In analyzing this conversational maxims, the writer uses the theory of The Cooperative Principle and The Conversational Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances accept those maxims or violate them. The writer used the qualitative approach since the data are in the form of words. The method of this study is to describe the context in terms of aims, such as, setting, participants, function, and topics; identify the types of maxims; and utterances which accepted or violated one of the conversational maxims. The overall findings show that the most frequent conversational maxims which occur is the maxim of quantity, and is followed by the maxim of relevance. Here, the numbers of the acceptance and violation of the maxim of quantity are balanced (ratio of 17 to 19), whereas most of the participants accept maxim of relevance (ratio of 16 to 2). It seems that the conversation is on information which evenly accepted and violated, and the information seems to be relevant, which is mostly accepted. And this makes the talk show alive and interesting.

Keyword : indonesian, language, discourse analysis, maxims, ngobras, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1328/

An Analysis of cohesion in “National News” taken from The Jakarta Post

Author : , LIEDIAWATI

This thesis is about an analysis of cohesion in “National News”, which is taken from The Jakarta Post. Since The Jakarta Post is a daily English newspaper and it gives complete information to its readers, the writer is curious to find out the quality of either its text or its sentences. In other words, the writer wanted to know whether the text of the “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive or not. Therefore, she tried to examine carefully the cohesive devices and the violations in the text. The writer applied M.A.K. Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan’s cohesion theory. They divided cohesion into two major points that are the grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. In terms of grammatical cohesion, it is divided into reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction while in the terms of lexical cohesion, it is divided into reiteration and collocation. The writer divided and analyzed her data into the fulfillment of cohesive devices and the violation of cohesive devices. First, she identified the data as being a fulfillment or a violation. Then, she analyzed the fulfillment of the data in terms of grammatical and lexical cohesion. She also used the same procedure for the violations. To get the percentage of both the fulfillment and violation of cohesive devices she compared them by using a certain formula. At last, the findings show fiat the fulfillment of cohesive devices is 93,08% and the violation of cohesive devices is 6,92%. Thus, she concluded that the text of four “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive.

Keyword : english language, cohesion, termionology, discourse analysis, jakarta post, national news, grammatical cohesion, lexical cohesion

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4780/

The Flouting of conversational maxim in Javanese short story “Pacarku Ngandheg”

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Author : ERLY, VERONICA

To make a conversation go smoothly, each participant should obey the cooperative principle, which has a significant function in conversation. The cooperative principle reflects four maxims of conversation; they are maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relevance and maxim of manner. Sometimes when we talk with our partner, we have a misunderstanding because the participant in conversation flouts the maxims for some reasons. They tend to flout it, but it does not mean that they fail to communicate with each other. This study analyzes the flouting of the conversational maxims in Javanese short story entitled `Pacarku Ngandheg?. The writer tries to find out the most frequently flouted maxim and the reasons behind the flouting by two main characters in `Pacarku Ngandheg? to show that maxims are important in conversation. In analyzing data, the writer uses descriptive approach to describe the reasons of flouting the maxim and uses table to make an easier analysis of the most frequent flouted maxim. After all of the analysis, she finds that the maxim of relevance is the most frequently flouted in the story. The characters have some reasons why they tend to flout some maxims, but she realizes that the flouting of maxim does not bother and bring to an end of the conversation. It makes a variation in the conversation, so the conversation will not be boring.

Keyword : cooperative principle, conversational maxim, discourse analysis

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1459/

Reader-based coherence and its activated frames of February and March 2001 Reader’s Digest as shown by EFL students

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Author : KUMALA, BETTY

To understand humorous texts, especially those which are written in a foreign language, is not a trivial matter for readers. Therefore, the writer is interested in conducting a research to analyze reader-based coherence on humorous texts. This research is intended to find out how many humorous texts in Reader’s Digest were considered coherent and funny by EFL readers, and what fields of knowledge they activated while reading those texts. The writer used a qualitative approach in the data collection and explained the analysis of the data descriptively. She used all the humorous texts in the Reader’s Digest in February and March 2001 editions as the source of data. After reading each joke, the respondents had to fill in a questionnaire. The data got from the result of the questionnaire were the data to be analyzed by the writer. The writer found that the respondents could perceive the coherence and the funniness of only 62% of all the humorous texts. This answers tfie writer’s previous assumption that jokes are not always easy to understand by EFL students. Furthermore, only the readers who can activate the relevant frames to the encountered texts can successfully arrive at the humorous interpretation of the texts. She also found that the field of knowledge in “social life” was mostly used by the respondents while they were reading the texts. This might due to the fact that most of the texts were telling about daily life. Therefore, EFL students should learn more about the social life of the target language to assist them in understanding their learning materials.

Keyword : humorous texts, coherence, reader’s digest, discourse analysis, english language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4824/

A Study on politeness strategies used by the interviewers in a foreign exchange company

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Author : KODYAT, HERMANTO

The use of politeness strategies is one of the speaking styles which are usually used by people in order to make the communication process between speaker and hearer go smoothly. According to Brown and Levinson the politeness strategies themselves are divided into two, i.e. the positive politeness and negative politeness. The Writer conducted this study in order to find out what politeness strategies are used by the interviewers, what positive politeness strategies are mostly used by interviewers and what negative politeness strategies are mostly used by interviewers. In this research, the writer uses descriptive approach . In conducting the research, the writer uses the recorded material containing the process of interview. The interview was taken from PT Money Mall, a kind of International standard company dealing with the foreign currency in looking for clients to invest money. There are four interviews. The interviewers as Marketing Managers and the interviewees as the job applicants. The data consist of the interviewers? utterances, which are underlined and numbered The writer uses Brown and Levinson?s criteria about the positive and negative politeness. There are fifteen strategies of positive politeness and ten strategies of negative politeness. After four interviews had been analyzed, they are. combined into one table containing the number of strategies from the whole interview, together with the table explanations and table of percentage of the politeness strategy as the findings. The finding also discusses the tendency or the reasons why the interviewer used certain expressions showing the certain strategies. Finally, the writer tries to interpret what the writer has found by using the theories connected with the politeness strategies itself and he related with P,D, R rating concerned with the positive and negative politeness. In conclusion, the writer concludes that the interviewers use more positive politeness than negative politeness.

Keyword : politeness strategies, sociolinguistics, linguistic, discourse analysis

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1517/

The Politeness strategies produced by Gaylord Focker and Jack Byrnes in meet the parents and the factors of each usage

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Author : IRAWAN, DICKY

Politeness Strategies is a theory that was proposed by Brown and Levinson after their research in India. The writer is interested in this theory because by knowing and understanding this theory, it can help the writer to build relationship with others in his daily lives and also it can avoid misunderstanding. In his research, the writer examined the politeness strategies that are used by the two main characters in a film “Meet the Parents”, they are Gaylord Fokker (Greg) as the future son in law and Jack Byrnes as Pam?s father and also Greg?s father to be. Furthermore, the writer also wants to identify and explain the factors in using certain politeness strategies. In his research, the writer attempts to find whether people with opposite roles, here are Greg and Jack, still show politeness to each other. In the film, it seems that they do not like each other, but they still show politeness and interestingly, the result of this study shows that both characters, Greg and Jack, apply positive politeness the most. Positive politeness is a strategy to enhance hearer?s face in order to minimize the distance between them. It appears they are showing politeness because they have the same purpose, which is to make Pam happy. Finally, the writer draws a conclusion that there are two important factors that can influence the interlocutors in using politeness strategies, they are social status and social distance between them.

Keyword : discourse analysis, politeness strategies, face, ftas

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/5142/

An Investigation of opening expressions produced by 19-22 years old female and male students of the Faculty of Letters English Department in Petra Christian University

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Author : INA, YOSEPHINE

The way to express the opening expression has become a kind of important expression in people?s interaction. It is because in everyday conversation, almost all people produce the opening expressions toward their interlocutors before they start to talk about the main topic. Also, the opening expression may indicate that we admit the existence of others or we concern to others. Thus, I am interested in studying more about the use of opening expressions from the students? point of view, In this study, I analyze the use of opening expression in terms of topic, types of opening expressions, the types of sentences. After that, I analyze the similar and different ways of producing the opening expressions between females and males. The data are collected from females? and males? utterances based on the observation. In conducting this research, I use the qualitative approach to get holistic picture about opening expressions. In analyzing the data, I present the data into tables in order to find the similarities and/or differences of the opening expressions in terms of topic, types of opening expressions, the types of sentences produced by females and males students. In findings, mostly, females talk about free time and entertainment and relation with others. Meanwhile, males talk about education and future career. Both females and males produce the opening expressions in the forms of sentences or more than one word and say them in interrogative forms and simple sentences.

Keyword : linguistics, study, teaching, english, language, discourse analysis, social, female, male, student, english department, petra christian university

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1852/

A Study of cohesive devices of gado-gado text in femina magazines

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Author : INDRIASWARI, YUDI

There are two ways to communicate with other people in society that is written language and spoken language. People can choose written language as an alternative to communicate through the text. In a text, there are many phrases, words, and sentences which have to be united and stick together. With the help of cohesive devices, the texts are able to have good unity in connecting phrases, words, and sentences. If a text has a good unity, people are able to convey what is the intended meaning being interpreted. The writer of this thesis is interested in analyzing the cohesiveness of a written language in a text of Femina magazine. Femina magazine is weekly magazine and published once in a week. The contents of Femina is various, such as fashion rubric, family rubric, amusing story rubric, which is called henceforth Gado-gado. She chooses `Gado-gado? text in Femina magazine as her object of study. The problems in this study are divided into two parts, grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion, which are the criteria of being cohesive. Dealing with the above statement, the writer wants to know whether `Gado-gado? text in Femina magazine is cohesive in terms of grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. In her analysis, the main theory that is used by the researcher is the theory of cohesive by Halliday and Hasan (1976). The theory talks about grammatical cohesive which can be conveyed through reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction; and lexical cohesive through reiteration and collocation. The writer would also like to find the frequency of the cohesive devices, which are used in `Gado-gado? text. This research is descriptive method because the method is used to describe the type of cohesive devices in `Gado-gado? article. The writer reads the texts and the writer identifies the data which is cohesive. After that, the writer selects the types of cohesive devices of each item by putting the data in a table and then counts the number of occurrences of each type of the cohesive in each text. Then, adds up the occurrences of the cohesive devices in all three texts. Thewriter tabulates all the cohesive devices in all editions. Finally, she counts thepercentage of each type. From the findings, the writer found that the language of magazine text in Gado-gado is considered cohesive. The final findings shows that the language used in Gado-Gado article reflects the grammatical cohesive by using many occurrences of cohesive devices such as reference, conjunction, substitution, and ellipsis. In this study, the writer only found nominal substitution and nominal ellipsis. Gado-gado is also reflected the lexical cohesive by using reiteration and collocation. It can be seen that the type of cohesive, which mostly occurred, is reached by conjunction and reference.

Keyword : discourse analysis, indonesian language, cohesive, femina magazines

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2089/

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