Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

A Pragmatic analysis on a collection of Indonesian Humors entitled Buku Pintar Ketawa Lagi.

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Author : , MEILIAWATI

Reading humor is enjoyable as long as we can catch the amusing part. Meaning is inadequate to make us understand but we should concern on context and communication between the speaker and interlocutor as well. Those three can be learned in the study of Pragmatics. Furthermore, the writer chooses Indonesian humors of two-liner and short-text in which the two-way communication exists. Due to the interest of analyzing the Indonesian humors pragmatically, she conducts this research. In this thesis, she wants to answer two basic questions: how the Indonesian humors are pragmatically analyzed and how they are pragmatically classified. of pragmatics as the main theories. In the theory of pragmatics, the idea of world knowledge has already been explained to help her understand the context and the idea of inference to help her grasp the amusing part. Moreover, those theories are supported by the theory of speech act to see the speaker?s intended meaning and the theory of conversational implicature to see how participants observe the Cooperative Principle and to find what implicature they might generate. In this study, she takes 48 two-liner and short-text humors from a humor book entitled Buku Pintar Ketwa Lagi She uses a qualitative approach; especially documentary analyses to find out how the amusing approach occurs and the meanings people have given to particular utterances. Moreover, she sees the humorous text as a process rather than as a product. Next, she collects the data based on the category of the participants. There are nineteen categories in which three of them (animal, magician, and fortune-teller) are excluded for this study. Dirty jokes, too long humors, and one-participant humors are excluded as well. After analyzing the data, this study leads to the findings that in most humors people commonly uses the type of directives as expressing their intended meaning (the illocutionary act). Besides, most of them disobeyed the Cooperative Principle. Violating maxims arose at the highest rank of the non-observance of maxims. The maxim of quality and manner are mostly violated. In contrast, none carries out the suspension of a maxim. Finally, the findings lead to the conclusion that violating maxims – that is normally believed to rarely occur in daily communication for people are afraid to trick or make others feel offended-is created intentionally to cause humor.

Keyword : linguistic, discourse, analysis

Topic shift and topic shift markers used by male and female students of Petra Christian University in chatting at the boarding house

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Author : WULANDARI, ARINI

Conversation is a routine activity which occurs in formal and informal situation, such as chatting. In chatting, the participants tend to talk about one topic and then shift and develop it into many new topics or sub-topics and sometimes use markers to mark the shift. The writer interested in analyzing topic shift and topic shift markers because she wanted to know what types of topic shift and topic shift markers that mostly occurred and also the characteristics of male and female students of PCU in applying them. This research might help people in understanding the differences of males and females in applying topical strategies and topic shift markers in chatting in order to prevent misunderstanding or message misinterpretation. The writer employed qualitative approach in this study. The data were obtained through recording the subjects while they were chatting for half an hour for each sex-group. In analyzing the data, the writer firstly transcribed the collected data into written form. Secondly, she identified the topic shift and topic shift markers used by each sex-group. Then, she applied Stenstrom?s theory about topical strategies (1994) and Schiffrin?s theory about discourse markers (1991) in the analysis. After a thorough analysis, the writer found that there were many similarities and differences between male and female students in terms of the topical strategies and topic shift markers that were mostly used by them, the number of occurrences, and also the use of topical strategies and topic shift markers. From the differences, it could be noticed that male students tended to jump form one topic to another and change the topic abruptly, while female students inclined to make link with the previous speaker?s contribution and then talked on a topic which was still related with the previous or current topic. In other word, female students tended to develop the topic progressively and shift the topic gradually. Moreover, male students inclined to interrupt the other participants and overturn previous speaker?s contributions and to make their own point as forcibly as possible or changed and introduced a topic suddenly while female students inclined to add other?s contribution and developed one topic into many sub-topics rather than demolish it.

Keyword : discourse, analysis, student, chatting, petra christian university

Functions, forms, and types of adjectives in kids-products advertisement in family circle magazine

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Author : OCTAVIA, HENNY

This thesis is an analysis of adjectives in kids-products advertisements on Family Circle magazine. The writer chooses this topic because she thinks that adjectives may be applied in various ways as seen in the advertisements, to serve the needs of language users in communication This condition encourages her to observe further about functions of adjectives, forms of adjectives, and types of adjectives in those advertisement. To analyze the data, the writer uses theory from Quirk et al(1987) and Murphy (1 987). Then, for the concept of advertisement, she uses theory from Lane and Russell (2001), and also Bovee and Arens (1986). In getting the data, the writer identifies kids-products advertisements which were printed on Family Circle magazine. She uses all kids-products advertisements. Then, she identifies the adjectives in those advertisements as the data to be observed. Next, after analyzing the data the writer found that most adjectives have attributive functions, positive degrees, and opinion styles. The other function which is used is predicative. The writer also found comparative adjectives in a very limited amount. Last, she finds four fact adjectives out of ninety one adjectives. Finally, the writer conclude that adjectives should be applied in kids-products advertisements to give clear pictures.

Keyword : english, language. grammar, discourse, analysis, advertise, magazine

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1367/

Coherence in the advertisements in national geographic magazine

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Author : WIJAYA, CYNTHIA

This study is done in order to find out the coherence in advertisements of National Geographic Magazine. Such aim is broken into two main problems of the study: (1) What is the most importan knowledge of the shared background knowledge in interpreting the advertisements in National Geographic Magazine? (2) What type of inference is used by the reader in interpreting the advertisements in National Geographic Magazine? The theories used in solving these problems are Minsky?s frame theory, Schank and Abelson?s script theory, Sanford and Garrod’s scenario theory, Van Dijk and Anderson?s schemata theory. Five advertisements from National Geographic Magazine collected as the data are analyzed using the four theories above. From the interpretation and conclusion of the analysis, it can be seen that the four theories above always occur in the process of describing the coherence of the advertisements of National Geographic Magazine. The existence of the first theory, Minsky?s frame theory, which has five elements of fiame, supports the choosing for the correct schemata. The second theory, Schank and Abelson?s script theory deals with understanding the intended meaning of the advertisements. The third theory, Sanford and Garrod?s scenario theory deals with understanding the reason behind the producing of the advertisements. The fourth theory, Van Dijk and Anderson?s schemata theory, are very important for schemata enable the readers to grasp the main topic for the advertisements. Difficulties in finding the schemata may influence in failure of finding the correct frame. If the reader does not have any background knowledge about the world, then the reader will also find difficulties in finding the intended meaning of the advertisements. If the reader cannot find the intended meaning of the advertisements, then the reader cannot know the reason behind the producing of the advertisements. In doing the analysis, the writer finds out that the most important knowledge is schemata for schemata means knowing what the advertisement is about. In the second place, the writer puts script for script means knowing the intended meaning of the advertisements. In the third place, the writer puts scenario as scenario is closely related to script; unable to know the script will also result in failure in knowing the scenario. In the fourth place, the writer puts frame for failure in knowing the frame and its elements will not have any effect in understanding the advertisements. While doing the analysis, the writer discovers that in some of the advertisements there is comparison used to show the connection between the sentences and the thing. The comparison shows in the form of metaphor and simile. For the inferences, the writer discovers that the inferences for the advertisements are mostly automatically made, only one advertisement is non-automatically made. The type of the inferences that occur are elaborative, logical, and evaluative inferences.

Keyword : advertisements, national geographic magazine, linguistic, discourse, analysis, cohesion

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1506/

Illocutionary acts produced by fran fine and Maxwell Sheffield in the Nanny

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Author : ANGGRAINI, SAVITRI

This study is conducted to reveal the use of illocutionary acts by Fran Fine and Maxwell Sheffield, also to find the most frequent types used by them in the comedy The Nanny. The basic theory used is Semantics by Hurford and Heasley that divide illocutionary acts into twenty-five types, supported by the theory by Janet Dean Fodor and Adrian Akmajian, Richard Demers, Ann K Falmer, and Robert Harnit. In addition, the writer includes the related study by Debby. The approach of the study is qualitative-descriptive, meaning that the writer studies the words, phrases, and sentences that are spoken by the characters. After analyzing the data, the writer found out that there are sixteen types of illocutionary acts used by Fran Fine, fifteen types of illocutionary acts used by Maxwell Sheffield, and eighteen types of illocutionary acts used by them. Moreover, the types of illocution that is used the most often is admitting, then the second most is the complaining, the third most used is protesting.

Keyword : english, language, discourse, analysis, social, linguistics, sociolinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2191/

A study of code switching in video jockeys’ utterances on Anteve program “MTV Land”

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Author : RAZAK, YULIA

Nowadays, it is usual that people use more than one language in communicating with others and they tend to switch the language even in a television program. In this case, the writer is interested in analyzing the code switching in the Video Jockeys? utterances on “MTV Land”. This music program has provided code-switching. Therefore, this study analyzes the language used, the reasons, and the types of code-switching in the subjects? utterances. The data were obtained through recording the five episodes of the program. Then, the data were analyzed and classified according to Hudson?s, Wardhaugh?s and Gumperz theories of the code switching. The findings show that the Video Jockeys used E-J code switching more frequently than E-I code switching. Besides, the writer found that there were four functions of code switching on that program. Finally, it is found that Conversational Code Switching is used more frequently since the Video Jockeys only entertained the audience in informal way.

Keyword : discourse, analysis, english, language, social, sosiolinguistic, video, jockeys, anteve, mtv, land

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2246/

Conversation openings used by male and female students of Petra Christian University

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Author : NILO, PENDING

This study investigates ways of conversation opening of male and female students of Petra Christian University and the influence of gender on the choice of way of conversation opening. In order to categorize the types of ways of conversation opening, the writer uses Sacks’ classification which includes Question/Request Information, Greetings, Challenges, Offers, Address another person, Compliments, Invitation, Announcement, and Stereotyped Expression or Topic, and so on. The subjects of this study are 30 male and 30 female students of Petra Christian University and taken randomly without considering their social background, but only their sexes. To collect the data, the writer records the natural conversation in daily interaction. From the analysis, the writer finds that both male and female students almost use all types of way of conversation opening classified by Sacks, but there are differences in term of frequency of each type of way of conversation opening used by male and female. Moreover, there is one type which is used by male, but not by female, that is, challenge. And there are two types which are not used by both male and female students, namely, greeting, and announcement. Meanwhile, the gender differences of the subjects influences the choice of way of conversation opening. In this case, to open conversation, male students have more tendency to maintain social relationship than female students, and show macho connotations of masculinity and toughness, while female students tend to involve personal styles which usually include personal feeling.

Keyword : discourse, analysis, linguistics, sociolinguistics, conversation, student

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2298/

An analysis of telephone conversation openings used by Indonesian male and female university students

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Author : FRANSISKHO, VERA

Opening a telephone conversation is essential in a non face-to-face interaction especially when it happens between different sex. Many linguists believe that both sexes interact with different strategies. This study analyzed the different opening types, patterns, and length of telephone conversations performed by Indonesian male and female subjects. The data were obtained through recording the subjects while they were talking on the telephone. Then, the data were analyzed by dividing it into four categories and by comparing the categories based on the opening patterns. The finding shows that the opening types and patterns of telephone conversations were more various in mixed-sex conversations. In the length of sequence, the same-sex subjects performed short conversations by using small numbers and frequency of turns. On the other hand, the mixed sex performed longer conversations to open a telephone call.

Keyword : linguistics, discourse, analysis, telephone, conversation, indonesian, university, student

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2363/

Opening and closing used by the pager operators and message senders

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Author : MARLIANA, ESTHER

This study analyzed the language used by the pager operators and the message senders in opening and closing the conversation. The conversation happened because the message senders wanted to deliver the message to the owner of pager machine through the operators. The writer developed her idea into two main parts: the classification of each Opening and Closing sequences and signals from the three companies and identification of the most frequenly used pattern of Opening and Closing used by pager operators and message senders small tape-recorder was used to record the respondents? conversation and also interviewing the officer who is in charged to control the operator?s work. The data were taken from three pager-operating companies in Surabaya in a form of Indonesian language and about ten conversations for each company. Furthermore, in analyzing the data, the basic theory, which the writer used, was Schegloff Telephone Conversation Theory (1968) especially about Opening and Closing signals theory. In the analysis, the writer will transcribe the data first, then identify and classify the opening and closing based on the theory she used and the company they belong to. Next, she will identify the pattern of opening and closing which mostly used in the conversation. At the end, to simplify the reader in understanding the finding, she put the findings into some Pie charts mostly applied a form of Finally, this study found that in the opening signals those three companies. “S-I + Greeting” in answering the summons, used Company?s name or operators? ID number to identify themselves and operators always greet first rather than the message senders in a Greeting part. In addition, for the closing signals result, the writer found that it was the operator who did the pre- close first by uttering the utterance to deliver the message or just repeating the message. Moreover, in a closing part, those three companies utilized thanking adjacency pair most to close the conversation and the rest could be in the form of Greeting or both.

Keyword : linguistic, discourse, analysis, operator, pager

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