Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


Grammatical errors produced by students of the English department at Petra Christian University in their writing

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This study is about grammatical errors that are produced by “writing 2” students of English Department at Petra Christian University in their mid term exam. The writer realizes that understanding the rules of grammar is very important in order to write well. She is interested in grammatical errors topic because many students still get confused to use the right grammar. In her study, she wants to know what type of errors that the students usually produce and what type of error which is mostly produced by students. The writer limits her research on grammatical errors only, so she does not investigate other errors, such as phonological errors, spelling errors, vocabulary, punctuation and organization. She takes mid term paper of ‘writing 2’ for her data. In analyzing the data, she uses Jack C. Richards?s classification of grammatical errors theory. After doing the analysis, she finds that the types of grammatical errors that are usually produced by ?writing 2? students are Errors in the Production of Verb Groups, especially the use of tense form, Miscellaneous Errors, especially the use of singular form and Errors in the use of Prepositions, especially the use of ?of?. Errors in the Production of Verb Groups is the type of grammatical errors that is mostly produced by the ?writing 2? students of English Department.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, petra christian university, writing, students

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1983/

Yeats’s expectations toward women and the conformity of his expextations with the victorian society’s as seen in four of his poems

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“To a Young Beauty”, “On Woman”, “Michael Robartes and the Dancer” ,and “A Prayer for my Daughter” are Yeats?s four poems which are chosen by the thesis witer to be analyzed in this thesis. Generally, these four poems talk about Yeats`s expectations toward women, which then becomes one of the problems discussed in the thesis. To find the expectations, the thesis writer uses literary approach, and the literary theories needed to analyze the poems are the elements of poetry such as allusion, diction, imagery and figurative language that is symbol, metaphor, simile, personification, paradox and metonymy. The other problem discussed is the conformity of Yeats?s expectations with the Victorian society`s. To discuss this, the thesis writer needs the information about Victorian women. As the findings, the thesis writer sees that Yeats expects women to be beautiful; lady-like, which requires courtesy such as being kind; innocent and submissive to men. In addition, women also have to pay attention on their physical appearance and not to their intellectuality. Moreover, the thesis writer also finds out that two of Yeats?s expectations do not conform with the Victorian society?s.

Keyword : english, poetry, yeats, william, butler, victorian, women

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2820/

Local and global errors in the journals writen by the first writing class students

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This research is written to reveal local and global errors produced by the first writing class students in their journals. The study of local and global errors is the study on the communicative effect classification. It focuses on distinguishing between errors that seem to cause miscommunication (global) and those that do not (local). This study is conducted with the hope of giving a contribution to second language learners in the process of their second language acquisition. By evaluating the errors produced, this thesis is hoped to be able to help learners to learn when they correct the errors. Students and teachers here are expected to have a better understanding on the importance of making errors. This is a descriptive-qualitative study, as the writer describes and explores the errors without making any generalization from the findings. Here, the writer acts as the key instrument to collect the data. The errors in this study are identified and examined based on standard English grammar by Quirk and Greenbaum. The major theory applied was Politzer and Ramirez’s linguistic category taxonomy to classify the local errors into categories and subcategories, while Dulay and Hurt’s and Hurt and Kiparsky?s classifications of global errors were used to classify and explain the global errors. He found that most errors found in this study were considered local. Only three cases out of 311 errors found in this study were global. The students made almost all the subcategories of local error found in the Politzer and Ramirez’s linguistic category taxonomy. Noun phrase deviation was the most common error. For global errors, the students used wrong sentence connector and missing cues to signal obligatory exceptions of syntactic rules.

Keyword : applied, linguistics, english, language, errors, writing, student, journals

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2276/

A study of main character’s efforts in maintaining his virtue in Hnery Fielding’s Tom Jones

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Henry Fielding is famous among the literature society for he has given many contributions to the world of literature through his writing. One of his great contributions is his third novel, The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling. In this novel, Fielding creates the main character, Tom Jones, as a virtuous young man. However, to be a virtuous person and to maintain his virtue are not very easy for Tom because everyday he is surrounded by many wicked people. He has to face so many obstacles in order to maintain his virtue but finally after a long and hard work he is able to do this. Therefore, the thesis writer wants to know how the main character can maintain his virtue. She wants to finds out how the internal and the external factors help him in maintaining his virtue. In the analysis, the thesis writer uses three theories. The first one, she uses the theory of characterization to find out the character traits of Tom Jones. The second theory she uses is the theory of conflict in order to find out how hard Tom struggles in maintaining his virtue. The third theory and also the last theory that is used by the thesis writer in order to do her analysis, is the theory of virtue. This theory helps her to reveal Tom?s virtuous characters. With the help of this three theories, the thesis writer finds out that Tom is able to maintain his virtue for he has good characters. Tom has strong will, which make him does not easily give up when he finds problem. He has a very strong love that becomes his strength to go through his hard time. His feeling of responsibility also takes an important part in helping him to maintain his virtue. Besides those characters, Tom also finds helps in a group of soldiers and the Lieutenant. Through the internal and the external factors, Tom is able to maintain his virtue and live as a virtuous young man. Both of them, the internal and the external factors give their supports so that Tom is able to maintain his virtue. Eventhough, Tom has to face many obstacles, he is able to prove himself that he is able to maintain his virtue. And as a result of his success in maintaining his virtue, Tom Jones becomes a virtuous person and finds his happiness.

Keyword : english, fiction, henry, fielding, tom, jones, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2975/

A study of Isabel archer’s independence in James “the portrait of a lady”

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Author : , IMELDA

This Thesis is a study of the main female characters? independence in Henry James? The Portrait of A Lady. The thesis writer wants to find out how far the main female character gets the independence and what kind of independence that she gets. She uses literary approaches for doing the analysis. She uses characterization and setting as the literary devices to show the independence of the main character. She analyzes the main character?s personalities in order to know the main character?s traits before and after her marriage and compares it. She also analyzes other supporting characters? influences, such as : Madame Merle and Gilbert Osmond who play an important role in the main characters life. Besides, she also analyzes the American condition where the main character comes from and shows how it influences much Isabel?s life. She also employs the moral, psychological theories and the meaning of independence itself to examine the stages that Isabel undergoes to get her intention. Finally, from the analysis, the thesis writer concludes that being an independent woman is not as simple as people think and the living condition also plays an important role in determining the way of life.

Keyword : study, english, fiction, portrait of a lady

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/681/

Errors analysis on the usage of the English tenses of the second semester students of the English Departement of Petra Christian University

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Acquiring a second language is not easy, and it also requires a process that takes some time. Moreover, often time, the research done t o reveal of how L2 learners do their acquisition focuses more on the grammar of the target language. Grammar usually related to the form-focus, although nowadays meaning-focus is considered to be more important. Actually, form-focused instruction is necessary, and it can assist interlanguage development. One way to investigate the acquisition of L2 is by analyzing the samples of learners? language. Therefore, I am interested to conduct a research of the errors analysis on English tenses produced by the second semester students of the English Department. The errors that the students make provide the evidence of the system of the language that the students are using (has learned) at a particular point in the course. Also, I want to know which tense(s) that is easier for the students to acquire and which one(s) seems more difficult to acquire. To support my argument theoretically, I make use of Ellis?s theory on errors analysis which includes three main procedure of analyzing errors, that is, the identification, the description, and the explanation of the errors. In addition, I also include the theories on the six tense that I study in this research. In order to elicit the data, I design a proficiency test to figure out the students? accuracy in using the English tenses. From the proficiency test, I know about the typical errors that the students produce in every six tense, such as subject-verb agreement, the wrong use of auxiliary. From the data analysis, I find that the students apparently are able to perform simple future and simple present tense easier than the other tenses. Then, it is present perfect tense that seems to create some difficulties for the students to acquire.

Keyword : english, language, tenses

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2568/

A Psychoanalytic study of ursula Brangwen in D.H. Lawrence the rainbow

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The thesis discusses the character development of Ursula Brangwen, which is manifested in the form of some psychological disorder. For the purpose of t h i s study, the thesis writer applies the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud to understand the reasons behind the main character’s personality and attitude. One of the most striking things of her behavior is her psychosexual perversion. The novel illustrates Ursula’s childhood, whereby she experiences a very shocking rejection from her father, and the hurt remains within her, leading her to some psychological disorder. She gets involved in the same-sex relationship, she thinks that s h e c a n find the kind of life she desires, but she turns out to be wrong. Finally, she realizes that she h a s made a big mistake. From the analysis, the thesis writer may conclude that one’s past childhood may have a big influence on shaping one’s behavior.

Keyword : english, fiction, david, herbert, lawrence, rainbow

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2048/

A Comparative study of the male dominance towards the main female characters, Maggie Tulliver and Esther Lyon, and their reactions against the male dominance as seen in George Eliot’s …

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This thesis mainly deals with the comparative study of the male dominance towards the two main female characters of George Eliot?s novels, The Mill on the Floss and Felix holt, the radical Maggie Tulliver and Esther Lyon. Both Maggie Tulliver and Esther Lyon have to undergo hostilities in dealing with the main male characters as the outcome of the dominance of the main male characters, Tom Tulliver and Felix Holt. Despite the fact that Maggie and Esther have to undergo a similar predicament, they apply contradictory attitudes in dealing with it; nevertheless, in the end both of them encounter equivalent result: the failure to gain equality with the male characters. By comparing and contrasting the male dominance of Tom Tulliver and of Felix Holt as well as the attitudes of Maggie Tulliver and of Esther Lyon by means of the literary theory and the theory of Marxist feminism, I want to know why the male dominance towards the main female characters subsists despite the contradictory attitudes of the heroines. In fact, this comparative study aims to show that Maggie and Esther fail to gain equality with the main male characters due to the strength of male dominance itself. Having to encounter the biggest dominance from her brother, Tom Tulliver, Maggie attempts to fortify herself by opposing Tom?s male force. Nevertheless, instead of gaining equality with Tom, she has to meet frustrating result which is the dereliction to elude from Tom?s dominance. This is due to the fact that Tom strengthens his dominance towards Maggie whenever she opposes his dominance that in the end, Maggie reconciles herself to the reality that Tom is superior to her. On the other hand, Esther, who has to encounter the dominance of Felix Holt, applies her own discrepant attitudes from those of Maggie in dealing with Felix?s dominance. Obliging herself to be submissive, Esther attempts to safeguard herself from Felix?s dominance. Notwithstanding her discrepant attitudes from those of Maggie, still she has to encounter equivalent result. In fact, Esther has accepted the fact that Felix is her superior; thus she failed from the very first time and this makes her different from Maggie. Thus, Maggie and Esther must reconcile themselves to the reality that all of their endeavors to gain equality with the main male characters are nothing but fruitless dream, albeit Maggie?s attitudes are rebellious while Esther?s attitudes are submissive. This shows that any kinds of demeanor used by Maggie and Esther in dealing with the male dominance are confronted to the dead ends which are constructed by the male dominance. As a result, since Maggie and Esther are ensnared within the vicious cycle of male dominance, they will never be able to acquire their self-determination anymore, and all of their endeavors are unavailing.

Keyword : eliot, george, felix holt, english, fiction, male, female, character, attitudes, rebellious, submissive, dominance

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2830/

Stylistics features in the utterances of the “radio presenter” and the callers of the “english around the world” show by EBS radio station 101.25 FM Surabaya

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Author : HUANG, FIE

This thesis is an analysis of Stylistics features in the utterances of Retha as the “Radio Jockey” and the callers in the “English around the world” show by EBS radio station. The writer chooses this topic because she would like to research the language styles by Retha and the callers in the conversation of each fragment and also she would like to know what kinds of feature occurred in the utterances since English has been an important language today and everything has been dealing to English. Moreover; this show, played by EBS required and obligated the callers to speak English if they were interested in speaking and practicing English. In analyzing the data, the writer uses the basic understanding theory of Functional Stylistics by Jan and Jiri. The writer used qualitative descriptive approach in analyzing the data and she generalized for the finding. After analyzing the data, the writer found that the language styles in each fragment are short, repetitive, substandard form, informal and code-mixing feature. The writer assumed that these features might be influenced by the limitation of time, the psychological pressure, the economical factors, and many others.

Keyword : applied, liguistics, language, english, semiotics. style, ebs, surabaya, radio, presenter

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2287/

A phonological study on the influence of Surabayanese accent in English pronunciation among some Indonesian members of the British council/ITS English Study Centre

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Most Javanese speak Javanese as their mother tongue; however, as the growth of Indonesia development in various sectors, most Javanese also acquire English. Concerning the importance of the role of English language nowadays, Javanese speakers in Surabaya consider that mastering written and oral English are necessary. However, they find difficulties in the process of acquiring the oral English related to their mother tongue, Javanese. Concerning that, the native language or the mother tongue is indeed a very influential factor in acquiring second language, from this point of view, Javanese whose first language is Javanese are assumed to have their own variation which is different from Javanese who have Indonesian or other languages as their first language. Their accent will be distinctively recognized because they produce a different pronunciation. The differences will be seen clearly through features of vowels, consonants, and diphthongs. In addition, in order to analyze the distortions that occurred : X—>Y/Z. The researcher records the pronunciation at the same time they pronounce the sentence list. Then, she transcribes the records based on IPA phonetic symbols. After that she classifies them based on the phonological process that occur. Finally, it is concluded that there are three main factors that influence Surabayanese speakers in their English pronunciation, they are process of naturalization, simplicity and the Javanese and Indonesian orthography system. Based on the findings, the writer classifies the vowel, consonant and diphthong errors? analysis into six main categories, they are insertion, deletion, flapping, aspiration, vowel length, consonants change, vowels change, diphthongization and monophthongization. In the deletion, the Surabayanese speakers left out the writer uses theory, which is used by Yule (1997) to describe the pronunciation system of English. Furthermore, the writer also uses the theories, which are used by Sry Satriya Tjatur Wisny Sasangka (2000) and by Subroto, Edi. Soenardji. Sugiri (1991) to describe the pronunciation system of the Javanese language…

Keyword : english, language, phonology, pronounciation, british, council, surabayanese

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2986/

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