Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

An analysis of the efforts of Karim and Haroon in their search for identities in Hanif Kureishi’s the Budha of Suburbia

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Author : BUDIMAN, SILVI

In The Budha of Suburbia, Hanif Kureishi, one of the post-colonial authors, raises a problem that is encountered by most ex-colonized people after the colonial period. Confusion and need for identity are experienced by these ex-colonized people as the effect of colonialism either in the ex-colonized country or the mother country. In this novel, Haroon and Karim, the main male characters, are used by Kureishi to describe the condition of a person who faces identity crisis for his being `hybrid?. Haroon, an Indian comes to England to get higher education, undergoes a crisis of identity as a result of the colonial education he got during his childhood. He becomes a person with the physical look of an Indian and the manner, the taste and the thought of an Englishman. While his son, Karim, faces crisis identity as a result of his condition as a ?hybrid?. This agony leads both Karim and Haroon to search for identity. Identity becomes a key word in this work. Therefore, the thesis writer wants to analyze the efforts of both Karim and Haroon in searching for identity. Since this work talks about the problems dealing with the search for identity of the ex-colonized in contemporary Britain, the thesis writer analyzes the efforts of Karim and Haroon in the form of cultural approach using post-colonial theories which are also supported by historical fact especially the history of colonial education and the history of immigrant and the discrimination in Britain. After analyzing the efforts, it can be seen that although Karim and Haroon are both `hybrid?, they have different efforts in searching for their identities. In addition, it is only through a long process of searching for identity that both Karim and Haroon are able to find identity they desire. Finally, it can be concluded that searching for identity is a typical post-colonial problem because one?s identity is shaped by colonization that always produces a ?hybrid`.

Keyword : english, fiction, kureishi, hanif, budha, suburbia

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2462/

The change of diction in the language spoken by Eliza in Bernard shaw’s pygmalion

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Author : DEVIANTI, HAPPY

The writer uses George Bernard Shaw?s Pygmalion as the object of her study in this thesis. George Bernard Shaw was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1926 and Pygmalion is one of his most popular plays. In this play, he showed that accent and speech provides a way to social advancement. The writer finds that at the beginning of the play the major character, Eliza Doolittle, often uses non-appropriate words as the diction of her language use. Then, by reforming the choice of words (diction) of Eliza, Professor Higgins, transformed Eliza into a lady and her language especially her choice of words show the change at the end of the play. This fact attracts the attention of the writer to find out what kinds of changes occur in Eliza?s choice of words and to analyze what factors influence the change of her diction. In carrying out her study, she uses Mc Crimmon?s theory of diction as the main theory and Dell Hyme?s Ethnography of Communication as the supporting theory. This study is conducted through content analysis. The data for the analysis covers the diction which is used by Eliza Doolittle in the play. Then the Writer analyzes the diction especially on the appropriateness act by act and compares them later to determine the factors that causes of the changes of diction in the language spoken by Eliza.

Keyword : english, language, social, sociolinguistics, pygmalion, speaking

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3051/

An Error analysis on the tenses produced by the students of BBC english course in Rungkut Surabaya

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Author : HARVIANTI, LUCIA

Each language has its own system, which is different from the other; for example English has its own system, tenses, which make it different from Indonesian. Learning tenses may improve our knowledge about foreign language. In the rocess of learning foreign language, making error usually happens and it is like any other human learning, which involves trial and error. Errors indicate that the process of learning is actually in progress. This study limits the analysis of five tense forms namely, Simple Present, Present Progressive, Present Perfect, Simple Past and Simple Future (Will) because they are viewed as the core system in English. The theory of Brown, Ellis and Corder are used in this study to refer error as the language system that the learner is using. The theory of error analysis by Ellis and Brown is also used as a main theory to do the analysis. Other theory used IS English tenses by Bing, Azar and Comrie The analysis is based on the theory of tenses, in which the writer describes and explains each tense in details. In the analysis, the writer finds that the students produced errors in each tense. She considers the students still have not mastered the five english tenses. In the finding, she found that the most frequent error that they produce is Present Perfect tense. As the conclusion, she found that the influence of their mother language impede the process of acquiring foreign language, in which the students are difficult to understand and to learn foreign language, which has different system as their mother language.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, course, rungkut, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1528/

A study on the reasons and teh results of eustacia vye’s strong desires in lief in Thomas Hardy’s the return of the native

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Author : FIOLISA, MARIA

This thesis is a study of Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native. It focuses on the reasons and the results of Eustacia Vye’s strong desires in life. The writer feels challenged to analyze the reasons why Eustacia finally has two strong desires in her life and also the results of Eustacia’s strong desires. In order to achieve the goal of the thesis, the writer uses the theories of literature, namely characterization and setting. Besides, she also uses psychological concepts of depression, frustration, and suicide. The writer uses these psychological concepts because Eustacia undergoes depression, frustration, and finally she commits suicide. The writer finds out that there are two reasons why Eustacia finally has two strong desires in her life. The first reason is because she has t o move from Budmouth to Egdon. The different setting between Egdon and Budmouth causes her to have two strong desires: to live in the glamorous life and ‘to be loved to madness’. The second reason is because she loses her parents’ love and affection. The writer also finds out that Eustacia’s strong desires cause some results to appear. Her strong desires cause her to live in illusions. They also cause her to use all means to reach her desires. In this case, she uses Wildeve and Clym. She finally gets married with Clym because she thinks that through him, she can reach her strong desires. In fact, Clym cannot fulfill her desires. This causes her to be disappointed of her marriage. Her disappointment of her marriage finally leads her to have a love affair with her former lover, Wildeve. At last, her strong desires cause her to commit suicide. She commits suicide because she sees no hope anymore to reach her strong desires. Her strong desires have led her to her downfall. As a conclusion, how Eustacia’s desires lead her to her downfall shows that it is dangerous to have strong desires in life without being able to accept the failures that may appear.

Keyword : english, fiction, hardy, thomas, eustacia vye

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2692/

Mistaken identity and misunderstandings leading to romantic union in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night

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Author : , WAHYUNI

The theme of love obsessed Shakespeare all through his comedies. Furthermore, the normal plot of Shakespeare’s comedies depends largely upon mistakes and confusion brought about by disguise or family resemblance. Hence, the writer wants to discuss the confusion and mistakes that later leads to the emergence of the misunderstandings found in the drama in the analysis. She will also limit the scope of discussion by analyzing the main characters: Viola and Sebastian which are involved in the mistaken identity. Moreover, she tries to show how the confusion and mistakes may lead to the cross-love pattern which later to the romantic union. Therefore, she focuses on the theme of disguised identity which are seen in the main characters, Viola and Sebastian in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night. Besides, she also wants to know what conflicts have been emerged as the effects of the mistaken identities and misunderstandings. In analyzing this play, the writer uses the theory of plot and theory of characters. The analysis shows that the cross-love pattern emerges as the result of the mistaken identity of the brother-sister twins, Sebastian and Viola, and their love adventures with Olivia and Orsino. Furthermore, this love also causes conflicts even between the main characters themselves or with the supporting characters. However, after all the confusion and mistakes, the puzzle was explained. Matches are made all around. The twin brother and sister were both wedded on the same day. Viola was the wife of Orsino, the duke of Illyria, and Sebastian the husband of the rich and noble countess, the lady Olivia.

Keyword : english, drama, shakespeare, william, twelfth, night

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2213/

Byron’s criticism in Don Juan as seen through the motivation and the ways the characters try to reach their goals in education, marriage, and war

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Author : , INGGAWATI

I n this thesis, I choose to analyst: Byron?s masterpiece, Don Juan, in which I focus in discussing Byron?s criticisms in three aspects of life, namely in education, marriage, and war which are revealed by related characters: Donna Inez, Don Juan, Donna Julia, Catherine and the soldiers, whose goals in those aspects of life meet disappointing outcomes. Accordingly, this thesis discusses Byron?s criticisms that is seen through the motivations that make the characters have such goals in education, marriage; and war, and how the characters try to reach the goals. For that, I use some literary devices, namely characterisation, as the main device, diction, personification, symbolism, metaphor, simile, irony, epigram, litotes, allusion, arid imagery, as the supporting devices. Finally, in my analysis, I find out that the motivations of the characters are based on their inconsiderate personal ambition and the ways the characters try to reach their goals are not based on a complete consideration of every related aspects, such as: lack of practical materials and social surrounding in education, lack of full consideration in choosing a husband in marriage: and lack of further consideration on the effect of war. Based on these findings, I also find out that Byron criticises based-on-personal-ambition motivations by stressing that such motivations fail to reach the goals because the motivations are also influencing the ways the characters try to reach their goals and make the ways are not appropriate at ail to try in order tu reach the goals.

Keyword : byron, lord, don, juan, english, poetry, motivation, characters, education, marriage, war

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2914/

The effects of chastity and charity to the characters in two different settings in Henry Fielding’s Joseph Andrews

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Author : CIA, YENNI

This thesis is written to analyze the idea of the effects of chastity and charity to the characters in Joseph Andrews, written by Henry Fielding. By discussing the effects to the characters in this book, the thesis writer observes that that the characters that live in the country have chastity and charity, while the characters that live in town do not have chastity and charity. Therefore, the thesis writer wants to find the effects of chastity and charity to the characters in two different settings. In order to achieve the purpose in studying the topic, the thesis writer uses literary approach and literary tools : theme, characterization and setting. In the analysis, the thesis writer explains that the characters, who have chastity and charity tend to have a happier life than the characters, who do not have. Then, the thesis writer comes to know that setting has a great effect on the characters. Through this analysis, it is found that country is preferable than a town and that chastity and charity are needed in this life.

Keyword : english, fiction, fielding, henry, joseph, andrews, chastity, charity

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2488/

A Syntactical analysis of the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film

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Author : CHUCIARDI, CAROLINA

This study is conducted in order to find out the sentence patterns used by the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon films. There are three main problems of the study: (1) What are the sentence patterns found in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (2) What is the most dominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (3) Are there any differences in their sentence patterns? The syntax theory used in this study is Stageberg?s Basic Sentence Patterns theory. It is supported by theory of Noun and Verb Phrases and also by the theory of part of speech. The dialogues of the two main characters, Pongo and Cruella are collected as the data and analyzed based on the theories above. From the analysis, it can be seen that not all the sentence patterns found in the dialogues, like pattern 8 and 9. The dialogues of Pongo are dominated by pattern 4 while Cruella?s are dominated by pattern 5 . Pattern 4 is Noun Phrase + Infnitive, pattern 5 is Noun Phrase + Transitive Verb + Noun Phrase. The writer found that although there is a difference in their sentence patterns, but the difference is not really significant since pattern 5 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and pattern 4 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Cruella?s As the result by doing this study, the sentence patterns of the main characters of “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film can be described.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, syntax, dalmatian, film, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3084/

A Study of the ironocal ways of life seen through the two central characters, the priest and the lieutenant of police in green’s the power and the glory

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Author : MELISA, CICILLIA

The two leading characters of The Power and the Glory, the priest and the lieutenant are built upon the contrast to each other. It is because in describing the deficiencies of one man, Graham Greene also creates the virtues of the other. Yet, this thesis is a study on the two major characters? way of life to show that the differences of their ways of life are ironical for each suggests what the other should be. In doing the analysis the writer will do a literary approach by applying theory of characterization and irony. Thereupon, the writer finds out that as the final representative of God in a province cleared of priests, the priest does not show a good Christian character. He does his priest duty without deep feeling. He is also a drunken `whiskey? priest and a fornicator who has fathered a child. On the other hand, the lieutenant is endowed by moral characters for he is without sympathy to the weaknesses of `flesh?. He devotes his life to the governor he served and he also feels the responsibility to the poor and helpless people around him. Finally, in spite of the fact that he is an atheist, he needs God to fill the feeling of emptiness in his heart. Hence, the ways of life of the two central characters are ironical because their ways of life are reversed to what they are expected and the ways they lead their life suggest one to another.

Keyword : english, fiction, the power and the glory, study, teaching

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1616/

A study on the construction of the meaning of the sea and meanings of the land in Rudyard Kipling’s captains courageous

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Author : ROSDIANA, ERLYN

Rudyard Kipling who is known for his skillful ability of writing most successfully for children and also for his great British Nationalism wrote a simple novel, Captains Courageous which conveys the America?s atmosphere and characters. Yet, I see Captains Courageous is not simply a children classic as it has significant underlying meanings projected in the two settings of the novel, the sea and the land. Adhering to this fact, my analysis upon this novel focuses in finding out the construction of meanings of the sea and the meanings of the land as I see them portrayed throughout the story. In doing so, I apply the use of semiotics, the study of signs, in which I perceive these two settings, the sea and the land, as signs that possess certain signified meanings in each of them. Besides the application of semiotics in my analysis, I will also apply other supporting theories such as certain theories of sociolinguistics and Alfred Adler?s theory of superiority complex. These theories are very helpful for me in revealing and proving analytically that the construction of the meanings of the sea and the meanings of the land displayed in binary oppositions are: the sea/the land being unsophisticated/sophisticated, genuine/pretentious, intimate/distant, and broad minded/narrow-minded. The binary oppositions performed in this analysis, exposing the contrast between its two constituents, show that the emphasis is put on the meanings of the sea rather than those of the land. Still, although the qualities of the sea seemingly towers above the qualities of the land, it is worth observing that actually the emphasis is put more on the meanings of the land than those of the sea.

Keyword : english, fiction, kipling, rudyard, construction

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2718/

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