Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

Magdalena and Susannah’s sexual wound and their struggle to achive sexual healing as seen in Alice Walker’s by the light of my father’s smile

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Author : HENDRAYUWANA, ARIANY

In Patriarchal society female s sexuality has been socially constructed Women are demanded to be submissive and not sexually active. or else they will be condemned. The main female characters of Alice Walker?s By The Light Of My Farther’s Smile, Magdalena and Susannah, also endure the same predicament in dealing with their sexuality. Considering that aspect this thesis examines in what way the patriarchal domination causes both main female characters? sexual wound and the main female characters` struggle to achieve the sexual healing as well as the signficance of the struggle. In order to accomplish the analysis, several theories are used. As a primary tool. literary theories. namely characterization and conflict, are used to reveal the main female characters? characteristics and conflict Moreover. the theory of black feminism and the Literary criticism are used as the secondary tool in analyzing the struggle of the main female characters. By using the theories mentioned above. I am able to reveal that because of their different characteristics. Magdalena and Susannah endure the sexual wound differently. Throughout the analysis. it is found out that despite their different endurance, Magdalena and Susannah must face an equal result from the father?s beating. i.e. Sexual wound. Yet, as Alice Walker?s main female characters, Magdalena and Susannah are not submissively accepting the domination, so they fight against it. Later on, it is perceived that Magdalena and Susannah must undergo different stages to achieve their sexual healing because of their different personality, as well as their different endurance. At the end, their struggle helps themselves to heal their sexual wound Nevertheless, it is also found out that the struggle also has some signficances upon both main female characters as the oppressed, and the father as the oppressor. For Magdalena and Susannah, the struggle and the achievement of sexual healing facilitate them to forgive their father?s mistake. Moreover both sisters are also able to acknowledge themselves as whole women. On the other hand, for the father, in the afterlife, scrutinizng the daughters? struggle helps the father to acknowledge his daughters? value as whole individuals.

Keyword : american, fiction, walker, alice, sexual

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2610/

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A study of Isabel archer’s independence in James “the portrait of a lady”

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Author : , IMELDA

This Thesis is a study of the main female characters? independence in Henry James? The Portrait of A Lady. The thesis writer wants to find out how far the main female character gets the independence and what kind of independence that she gets. She uses literary approaches for doing the analysis. She uses characterization and setting as the literary devices to show the independence of the main character. She analyzes the main character?s personalities in order to know the main character?s traits before and after her marriage and compares it. She also analyzes other supporting characters? influences, such as : Madame Merle and Gilbert Osmond who play an important role in the main characters life. Besides, she also analyzes the American condition where the main character comes from and shows how it influences much Isabel?s life. She also employs the moral, psychological theories and the meaning of independence itself to examine the stages that Isabel undergoes to get her intention. Finally, from the analysis, the thesis writer concludes that being an independent woman is not as simple as people think and the living condition also plays an important role in determining the way of life.

Keyword : study, english, fiction, portrait of a lady

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/681/

A study of newman’s character’s character trait and his obsctacles to his marriage in Hnery James the American

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Author : MAHARGIANI, SONYA

This thesis is a study of conflict through the main characters in Henry James? The American. The main characters are Christopher Newman who represents the American and the Bellegardes who represent the European. The differences in culture and social background really affect them. Newman falls in love with Claire de Cintre, the Bellegardes? daughter yet, the Bellegardes do not agree with their relationship because of Newman?s occupation and social status. Moreover, Claire?s obedience toward her mother also becomes the difficulty for Newman to unite his love. In this case the thesis writer will use the theory of conflict in order to analyze Newman?s obstacles to his marriage. The Bellegardes do anything to separate Newman and Claire. It makes Newman angry and he wants to take revenge to the Bellegardes. Since Newman has a good character, he changes his decision not to take revenge but later he decides not to take revenge to the Bellegardes. The thesis writer will try to prove that since Newman is a good person, he therefore does not take revenge to the Bellegardes. The thesis writer uses the theory of characterization to reveal his good personalities. Finally, after the thesis writer does her analysis, she concludes that one?s occupation and social status are more important than good personality and love. In addition, a good personality can defeat the feeling of hatred and desire of taking revenge.

Keyword : american, fiction, bjames, henry, american, newman, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2765/

A strudy of Jim’s Psychological problems in Joseph Conrad’s Lord Jim

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Author : THENY, FRANCISCA

Lord Jim is basically a novel in which the central character has some psychological problems. Joseph Conrad?s Lord Jim presents the main character, Jim, as a man who has a dream to be a hero. Jim is trying hard to realize his dream; however, he meets his failures which are caused by his psychological problems in reaching the dream. This thesis examines what Jim?s psychological problems are and how Jim solves his psychological problems. In order to examine Jim?s psychological problems and the way out, the thesis writer bases her study on the literary theories, such as characterization and conflicts, as well as psychological theory, that is anxieties, and the definition of dream. Jim?s anxieties are the obstacles in reaching his dream to be a hero. Besides, his guilty feeling haunts Jim. Jim fails twice, but at last he can realize his dream although it is like a glimpse in his life. At the end, Jim faces a trouble. He indirectly kills his only best friend he ever has. Jim finally overcomes his anxieties bravely when he faces his death in order to be a good man who is responsible for what he has done. At the end of the analysis, the thesis writer concludes that Jim meets some incidents that actually can help him to realize his dream to be a hero. Although he fails twice, he can reach his dreams when he is in Patusan village. However, because of the death of his best friend, Jim?s guilty feeling haunts him, he chooses to die as repentance for his guilt. From the analysis, the thesis

Keyword : conrad, joseph, english, fiction, lord, jim

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2180/

A comparative study of the main characters’ successful grips of their obstacles as seen in Robert Louis Stevenson’s kidnapped and treasure island

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Author : NURHAYATI, INNE

Both Jim, in Treasure Island and David Balfour, in Kidnapped have come into contact with their first sensation of adventures. Unfortunately, since both of them are raised in a secluded world, both of them are ignorant about the other things in life. Nevertheless, during their adventures, Jim and David are able to overcome their adversaries and obstacles and finally manage to stay alive and obtain the goals. Using all of their abilities, both Jim and David are able to cope their obstacles and adversaries that hinder their ways to the fortunes. Due to this complexity, the writer of this thesis seeks to analyze how Jim and David are able to overcome their adversaries and obstacles and ultimately, attain their goals in the end of their escapade despite the fact that they have little experiences. To analysis the characters? ability, the writer of this thesis uses the theory of literature and psychology. Since both Jim and David have their own characteristics and inner will to attain their goals; therefore it is possible that, in overcoming their obstacles, Jim and David also have different ways or different ideas on how to deal with their obstacles and adversaries. The way Jim overcomes the problem may differ from the way David overcomes his. Therefore, one effective way to understand Jim and David?s ability in dealing with their obstacles and adversaries is by comparing their ways in overcoming the obstacles. Since through comparison, the difference and the similarities of their ways of dealing with their obstacles and adversaries can be clearly seen. Consequently, Jim and David?s lack of experience do not deter their abilities and motivation since despite their inexperience, they are still able to overcome their tribulations and ultimately, reach their aspirations. Moreover, Jim and David may have been longing for their goals ever since they are aware of them, but they also desire to prove their abilities in dealing with their problems. Therefore, by the time they reach their goals, they have achieved not only the goals themselves, but also their desire. As Carl Rogers once says, “from beginning, each of us has the tendency or the potential to reach a meaningful destiny” (McMahon 502). Likewise, Jim and David too, have reached what they desire, have created their own destiny also have attained their goals by the end of their escapades.

Keyword : english, fiction, stevenson, robert, louis, kinapped, treasure, island, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2958/

Suicide motive of ethan allen hawley in John Steinbeck’s the winter of our discontent

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Author : ROSANA, VERONICA

This thesis in about the analysis of Ethan Allan Hawley’s motive to commit suicide in John Steinbeck’s The Winter of Our Discontent. The Winter of Our Discontent portrays the dark picture of American people during Depression era. Ethan Allen Hawley becomes the main character of the novel that commits suicide in the end of story. Related to this topic, the thesis writer curious to know Ethan’s motive to commit suicide. She is also going to reveal the factors that are able to lead Ethan to commit suicide. In analyzing the work, the thesis writer uses literary approach as the main tool and the thesis writer also uses psychology theories and ccncept of social pressure to analyze the work. In the analysis, Ethan lives under the pressure of his society. This pressure changes Ethan’s way of life and his honest belief. He becomes a cruel person. Furthermore, Ethan is alienated by his surroundings and he also alienates himself from his surroundings. Ethan is mentally led into depression. This depression goes from bad to worse and it finally becomes hard to be overcome. At last, the thesis writers finds out that Ethan’s decision to commit suicide is motivated by his depression.

Keyword : american, fiction, steinbeck, john, suicide, motive

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2662/

A study of young Martin Chuzzlewit’s realization of his character flaws that leads him to happiness in Charles Dickens’ Martin Chuzzlewit

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Author : , NOVITASARI

Martin Chuzzlewit is a novel by Charles Dickens, which claims selfishness as the theme Martin Chuzzlewit is not only Dickens? best comic novel but also the greatest work of comic genius in the whole of English Literature. The main character is young Martin Chuzzlewit, a grandson of the very wealthy old Martin Chuzzlewit. The thesis writer wants to find out whether selfishness, obstinacy, and arrogance are his flaws that later on lead to his failure, and also what influences young Martin to realize his flaws. ln analyzing this novel, the thesis writer wants to prove that selfishness, obsinacy, and arrogance are his flaws that later on lead to his failure. And also the thesis writer finds out that the influences that make young Martin realize his flaws are Mark Tapley?s selflessness and faithfulness and also his experiences in America. In analyzing these problems, the writer will use library research and literary approach with characterization and conflict as the devices. Based on the result of the analysis, it is concluded that the things that make young Martin realize his selfishness, obstinacy. and arrogance are the selflessness and faithfulness of Mark Tapley and their experiences in America; and the reasons that cause the failure of young Martin?s hopes are his selfishness and materialism which then lead him to the failure in understanding other people.

Keyword : english, fiction, martin chuzzlewit, study

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/689/

The Social interactions of the main character in the concentration camp in Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s one day in the life Ivan Denisovich

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Author : PRANOTO, CHOPIN

Alexander Solzhenitsyn?s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich had been banned in the Stalin?s era, but still it was successfully used as a tool to criticize the Russian government at that time, and that is the reason for the thesis writer to put his interest on this matter. The main character?s ordinary lifestyle and the cruel and inhuman concentration camp lifestyle were contrasted to each other when he had to enter the concentration camp. Here, Shukov, the main character, faced two types of community to live with, the non-prisoners and the other prisoners. The analysis is on how Shukov dealt with his social interactions problems. That is why, the analysis was done by using the sociological theory as the supporting theory, and the literary theory as the main theory (characterization and setting). Besides, library and Internet also become the truthful sources in providing the valid details. Through the analysis, it could be seen that Shukov is able to interact socially with his new community, and this fact is followed with the truth that there are some strange results in comparison between Shukov?s interactions with the non-prisoners and the other prisoners of the concentration camp. The positive interactions happen more when he dealt with the other prisoners. However, when he dealt with the non-prisoners the negative interactions were mostly be the ones that took place instead, and the neutral interactions happened in both conditions for they brought direct advantages to Shukov. Therefore, the social interaction of Shukov with his new community is indeed affected by the character traits of the characters who are involved, the setting, and also the differences that existed inside themselves. Besides, the physical and the social setting also affected the existence of the social-interaction of the main character.

Keyword : russian, fiction, solzhenilsyn, alexander, social, interaction, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2787/

A study in the symbolic relationship of white jacket and captain Claret in Herman Melville’s white jacket

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Author : MULYONO, KHRISTINA

In this thesis the writer attempts to center the discussion in the relationship of the two opposing elements that exist in Neversink. a warship. that is sailing on her homeward bound journey. The crew and the officers form the two opposing elements in the frigate. To voice the element of individual, she singles out the narrator of the novel, White Jacket. He is able to represent the opinions and thought of his shipmates, the crew, thoroughly. The element of authority will be represented by the captain, Captain Claret, because he is the person who is responsible in making all the decisions in the frigate and rules over the crew, as well as the officers. The thesis writer wants to find out the ways the relationship of the two elements changes during the journey and what the relationship symbolizes. The writer intends to reveal the relationship between the two elements in the beginning and in the end of the journey, when they have almost reach home. With the help of the definition of important terms, literary criticisms, theory of politics, and literary devices, such as characterization, conflict and symbolism, she will try to analyse the problem. In her analysis, she finds out that at the beginning of the voyage, the arrangement of their mealtime and the depersonalization of the crew symbolizes the abuse of the crew. By arranging the mealtime in such a way, the officers have contributed in the degrading of the crew’s health, therefore abusing their needs as individuals. Another form of the abuse of the individual can be found in the depersonalization of the crew. The officers also deny the expression of their individualism by calling them with nicknames and, even worse, numbers. However, at the end of the journey, the relationship between the elements changes. They reache a new level of relationship caused by their realization of the journey. This is marked by two important incidents. The first one is the captain cancels White Jacket’s punishment. This symbolizes that the officers compromise to the individual by demonstrating lenience toward the crew who persists in his innocence. The other important incident happens when White Jacket falls from the yard-arm and almost kill himself as a result. Only when he rips off his jacket, a symbol of his individualism, is he able to be rescued by his shipmates. At this last and most important incident takes place, White Jacket comes to realise that actually both the individual and the authority are the same at the end of the voyage because they do not know what is waiting for them in their final destination. So, they merge into one and forming the body politic of the frigate.

Keyword : american, fiction, melville, herman, white, jacket

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2224/

A study of main character’s efforts in maintaining his virtue in Hnery Fielding’s Tom Jones

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Author : YULIANI, VERA

Henry Fielding is famous among the literature society for he has given many contributions to the world of literature through his writing. One of his great contributions is his third novel, The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling. In this novel, Fielding creates the main character, Tom Jones, as a virtuous young man. However, to be a virtuous person and to maintain his virtue are not very easy for Tom because everyday he is surrounded by many wicked people. He has to face so many obstacles in order to maintain his virtue but finally after a long and hard work he is able to do this. Therefore, the thesis writer wants to know how the main character can maintain his virtue. She wants to finds out how the internal and the external factors help him in maintaining his virtue. In the analysis, the thesis writer uses three theories. The first one, she uses the theory of characterization to find out the character traits of Tom Jones. The second theory she uses is the theory of conflict in order to find out how hard Tom struggles in maintaining his virtue. The third theory and also the last theory that is used by the thesis writer in order to do her analysis, is the theory of virtue. This theory helps her to reveal Tom?s virtuous characters. With the help of this three theories, the thesis writer finds out that Tom is able to maintain his virtue for he has good characters. Tom has strong will, which make him does not easily give up when he finds problem. He has a very strong love that becomes his strength to go through his hard time. His feeling of responsibility also takes an important part in helping him to maintain his virtue. Besides those characters, Tom also finds helps in a group of soldiers and the Lieutenant. Through the internal and the external factors, Tom is able to maintain his virtue and live as a virtuous young man. Both of them, the internal and the external factors give their supports so that Tom is able to maintain his virtue. Eventhough, Tom has to face many obstacles, he is able to prove himself that he is able to maintain his virtue. And as a result of his success in maintaining his virtue, Tom Jones becomes a virtuous person and finds his happiness.

Keyword : english, fiction, henry, fielding, tom, jones, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2975/

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