Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


An Error analysis on the tenses produced by the students of BBC english course in Rungkut Surabaya

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Each language has its own system, which is different from the other; for example English has its own system, tenses, which make it different from Indonesian. Learning tenses may improve our knowledge about foreign language. In the rocess of learning foreign language, making error usually happens and it is like any other human learning, which involves trial and error. Errors indicate that the process of learning is actually in progress. This study limits the analysis of five tense forms namely, Simple Present, Present Progressive, Present Perfect, Simple Past and Simple Future (Will) because they are viewed as the core system in English. The theory of Brown, Ellis and Corder are used in this study to refer error as the language system that the learner is using. The theory of error analysis by Ellis and Brown is also used as a main theory to do the analysis. Other theory used IS English tenses by Bing, Azar and Comrie The analysis is based on the theory of tenses, in which the writer describes and explains each tense in details. In the analysis, the writer finds that the students produced errors in each tense. She considers the students still have not mastered the five english tenses. In the finding, she found that the most frequent error that they produce is Present Perfect tense. As the conclusion, she found that the influence of their mother language impede the process of acquiring foreign language, in which the students are difficult to understand and to learn foreign language, which has different system as their mother language.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, course, rungkut, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1528/

English grammatical errors found in the writing assigment of the basic I level student at Kelt

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Grammar is an essential requirement toward a successful result in learning any language, including English. The grammatical error in speaking is tolerable since people focus more on the message. On the contrary, people have to pay more attention both to what they want to say (substance) and also how they are going to express their ideas (medium) in writing. The grammatical errors in writing may/will distort and disturb the coherence of the piece of writing By using correct grammatical rules, it will ensure good writing. It is for this reason that, I am eager to analyze the grammatical errors in the writing assignment of the basic I level students at KELT (Key English Language Learning). I use qualitative method since I will identify and classify the type of grammar errors and find the frequency of the occurrence of the errors made by the students of KELT. While doing this, I will also provide the correct forms for the errors. In this research, I am not concerned with the reasons why they produce grammatical those errors. As soon as a grammar rules is broken, an error has been committed. In conducting the thesis, I use the theory of Jack. C. Richards based on his book, ?Error analysis Perspectives on Second Language Acquisition?. He classifies the grammatical errors into 6 categories. They are Errors in the Production of Verb Groups, Errors in the Distribution of Verb Groups, Miscellaneous Errors, Errors in the Use of Prepositions, Errors in the Use of Articles, and Errors in the Use of Questions. After analyzing the data, the writer only finds 4 kinds of errors, namely, errors in the Production of Verb Groups, miscellaneous Errors, errors in the use of prepositions and errors in the use of articles. Most students tend to make errors in the production of verb group, especially in the agreement of verb with subject and tenses. Finally, l recommend that the teacher and students pay more attention on the internalization of grammatical rules. I hope that this thesis will give the teachers and students a better understanding about grammar.

Keyword : grammar, english, language, student, kelt, writing

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1874/

Grammatical errors produced by students of the English department at Petra Christian University in their writing

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This study is about grammatical errors that are produced by “writing 2” students of English Department at Petra Christian University in their mid term exam. The writer realizes that understanding the rules of grammar is very important in order to write well. She is interested in grammatical errors topic because many students still get confused to use the right grammar. In her study, she wants to know what type of errors that the students usually produce and what type of error which is mostly produced by students. The writer limits her research on grammatical errors only, so she does not investigate other errors, such as phonological errors, spelling errors, vocabulary, punctuation and organization. She takes mid term paper of ‘writing 2’ for her data. In analyzing the data, she uses Jack C. Richards?s classification of grammatical errors theory. After doing the analysis, she finds that the types of grammatical errors that are usually produced by ?writing 2? students are Errors in the Production of Verb Groups, especially the use of tense form, Miscellaneous Errors, especially the use of singular form and Errors in the use of Prepositions, especially the use of ?of?. Errors in the Production of Verb Groups is the type of grammatical errors that is mostly produced by the ?writing 2? students of English Department.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, petra christian university, writing, students

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1983/

A Study of grammatical functions of the word “have” in sentences at English Department students of Petra Christian University Surabaya

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This thesis investigates the grammatical functions of the word “have” in sentences done by Faculty of Letters Students of Petra Christian University Surabaya. The writer interested to investigate grammatical functions of the word “have” because it has several forms with different functions. Related to that reason, not many students understand well about those functions. The significance of this research is to give inputs to the readers, especially the students to get a better understanding about all functions of the word “have” and its errors in using this word. The writer uses A. J. Thomson and A. V. Martinet, in their book “A Practical English Grammar”, as her review of literature. In this part, the writer explains about the basic meaning of the word “have”, the forms in the present, past and future tenses and the other functions of the word “have”. In order to categorize the kinds of error in using the functions of the word “have” in sentences, the writer uses the sixth semester students of Faculty of Letters of Petra Christian University Surabaya as the subjects of this thesis. The subjects are taken randomly without considering their sex, but should be in the sixth semester. To collect the data, the writer uses tests, which are distributed to the subjects individually, not in groups. This thesis focuses on the ability of Faculty of Letters students to produce all the functions of the word “have” well in sentences. This goal is described into to part whether the students can or cannot produce all the functions of the word “have” well in sentences. The explanations will be in the form of description and percentage. The writer also divides the errors into two parts: functions of the word “have” errors and tenses errors. After that, the writer will conclude the kinds of function of the word “have” which can be produced well and cannot be produced well by the students.

Keyword : english language, grammar

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2016/

Errors in tenses produced by students of writing ic class of Petra Christian University in their journals

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One of the keys to English skills mastery is the mastery of the English grammar. Grammar in English is often associated to English tenses for the tenses deal very much with the form and meaning of English sentences. Therefore, the writer tries to find out the errors in the application of tense rules. Tense rule is used primarily to mark the time when the sentences refer to, by using different forms of verbs. The writer intends to find out the errors in the use of tense rules in the journals of first writing class students. And then she determines the types of tenses errors which are often made by the students of first writing class in their journals. The theories of Dulay, Ellis and Corder are used in this study to clarify the errors. The theory of error analysis by Ellis is used as the main theory to do the analysis. The underlying theory of English tenses is taken from Maclin. After the writer identified all the errors and listed them as the data; she could find the errors in Simple Present Tense, Present Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Simple Past Tense, Past Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Future and Future Time in the Past from the journals. The writer finds that the most frequent type of error that the students often made is Haphazard Substitutions type. This means that the students still make errors in the function of different forms of tenses.

Keyword : english language, errors of usage, grammar, writing, tenses

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2171/

A Morphological study of derivations in time magazine’s articles

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Derivation is a process resulting in meaning and/or category changes through the addition of derivational affixes. It is commonly applied for forming various new words which are likely to be straightforward. The process is taken as the object of investigation in the study since the writer was curious about the phenomena resulted from it. To get the answer of the phenomena, the writer decided to take three articles in Time magazine as the source of the data. In her study, the writer used three main theories to do the analysis. The theory of Bauer was used to analyze phonological changes. The theory of Quirk, et al. was applied to discuss types of derivations, and the theory of O?Grady et al. to explain structures of derived words. The writer did the research by reading the text, identifying derivations through the existing words, and numbering each line where the derived words occur. From the data collection, the writer described types of derivations, types of structures of derived words as well as their phonological changes. The findings show that there are three types of derivations, namely derivational prefixation, derivational suffixation, and multiple derivations. Relating to the types of derivations, there are also found 14 structures of derived words: 3 structures relating to derivational prefixation, 4 structures relating to derivational suffixation, and 7 structures concerning multiple derivations. Furthermore, the application of derivation brings several phonological changes, both in stress and sound. Generally derivational prefixation only brings the changes in stress positions while derivational suffixation tends to change stress and/or sound. Sometimes, however, derivational processes also do not make any phonological changes. In conclusion, it can be stated that derivation does change not only meaning and/or category but also phonological properties; indeed, the structures of derived words can be various in numbers depending on the categories of the bases and the types as well as the numbers of affixes attached to the bases.

Keyword : english language, grammar, derivation. derived words, morphology

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2181/

The syntactic analysis of verbs in predicates in clash of the titans in Time magazine vol. 157 no. 8 February 26th, 2001

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This study is conducted to reveal the use of verbs in the predicates in the art article Clash of the Titans in Time Magazine Vol. 157 No. 8 page 62-64 February 26th, 2001. The main theories used are the theory of syntactic structures proposed by W. Nelson Francis, and the theory of transformational grammar proposed by Noam Chomsky, supported by Diane D. Bornstein. The approach of this study is qualitative-descriptive; meaning that the data consists of words instead of numbers, and the regularities found in the data are explained in detail. To gain the written data, the art article is chosen as the source of data. Finally, the writer finds out that the writer of the article uses only three among the four different types of predicates with the two tenses. The most frequently used type of predicate is the structure of complementation with the total occurrence 119 (69.19%), and the most frequently used tense is the present tense with the total occurrence 137 (79.65%). Besides, she also discovers an exception found in the data, that is the incomplete sentences (lack of subjects).

Keyword : english, language, verb, grammar, syntax, time, magazine

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2202/

A Syntactical analysis of the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film

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This study is conducted in order to find out the sentence patterns used by the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon films. There are three main problems of the study: (1) What are the sentence patterns found in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (2) What is the most dominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (3) Are there any differences in their sentence patterns? The syntax theory used in this study is Stageberg?s Basic Sentence Patterns theory. It is supported by theory of Noun and Verb Phrases and also by the theory of part of speech. The dialogues of the two main characters, Pongo and Cruella are collected as the data and analyzed based on the theories above. From the analysis, it can be seen that not all the sentence patterns found in the dialogues, like pattern 8 and 9. The dialogues of Pongo are dominated by pattern 4 while Cruella?s are dominated by pattern 5 . Pattern 4 is Noun Phrase + Infnitive, pattern 5 is Noun Phrase + Transitive Verb + Noun Phrase. The writer found that although there is a difference in their sentence patterns, but the difference is not really significant since pattern 5 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and pattern 4 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Cruella?s As the result by doing this study, the sentence patterns of the main characters of “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film can be described.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, syntax, dalmatian, film, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3084/

Syntactic structures in the six rap songs of “rage againts the machine”

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This study is trying to analyze the types of syntactic structures on the lyrics of “Rage Against The Machine”, particularly on its structural patterns. The writer is trying to find out what types of syntactic structures are found and the most predominant type of syntactic structures in the six rap songs of “Rage Against The Machine”. The writer uses qualitative approach to analyze the six rap songs of “Rage Against The Machine”. To be able to analyze the rap songs, he applies the basic four types of syntactic structures based on Francis’s theory as the major theory supported by Saymour Chatman on inversion. The four types of syntactic structures, structure of modification, structure of predication, structure of complementation, and structure of coordination, are found in the six rap songs. There is not any inversion of word order applied in rap songs, except in the two lines of ‘Take the power back’, line 11 and 37. The writer also finds there are similarities between the lyrics and the poem in form and structure. Both of them have verses and the lines constitute a structural relation between/among the lines. Structurally related lines of “Rage Against the Machine” construct three types of bigger construction of syntactic structures, structure of modification, structure of predication, and structure of coordination. Finally he finds that structure of predication is the most predominant type of all that reaches more than 50%, followed by structure of modification, structure of complementation, and the least predominant is structure of coordination.

Keyword : english language, grammar, syntax, rap, song

The Study of grammatical errors produced by the students of the 3rd grade of Santa Clara elementary school focusing in simple present tense and simple present continuous tense

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This Study is about the grammatical errors produced by the students of the 3 rd grade of Santa Clara Elementary School Focusing in Simple Present Tense and Simple Present Continuous Tense. The research problems of this study is what grammatical errors are produced by the students in the 3 rd grade of Santa Clara Elementary School. The writer does this study based on the theories of Ellis (1997). According to Ellis, there are four classifying of the errors; Omission, Misinformation, Misordering, Haphazard Substitution. For the data, the writer gives tests to the students. The tests are made by the writer herself taken from several books that are used by the 3 rd grade students of Elementary School. However, after the writer got the data then the writer analyzed the data, classified the errors then put them into tables. After the writer found out and discussed then the writer concluded that in Simple Present Tense, the grammatical errors that the students produced are Omission, Misinformation, and Misordering while in the Simple Present Continuous Tense the grammatical errors that he students produced are Omission, Misinformation, Miordering, Haphazard Substitutions. For both of the tenses, the errors that usually produce are Misinformation.

Keyword : grammar, errors, grammatical errors, simple present tense, simple present continuous tense

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4109/

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