Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


An analysis of telephone conversation openings used by Indonesian male and female university students

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Opening a telephone conversation is essential in a non face-to-face interaction especially when it happens between different sex. Many linguists believe that both sexes interact with different strategies. This study analyzed the different opening types, patterns, and length of telephone conversations performed by Indonesian male and female subjects. The data were obtained through recording the subjects while they were talking on the telephone. Then, the data were analyzed by dividing it into four categories and by comparing the categories based on the opening patterns. The finding shows that the opening types and patterns of telephone conversations were more various in mixed-sex conversations. In the length of sequence, the same-sex subjects performed short conversations by using small numbers and frequency of turns. On the other hand, the mixed sex performed longer conversations to open a telephone call.

Keyword : linguistics, discourse, analysis, telephone, conversation, indonesian, university, student

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2363/

Blending in the aticles in Kompas and USA Today newspapers

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Blending as one kind of word-formation processes is applied in the articles in the newspapers, and blending is a very productive source of word in modern English, both in literary and scientific work. By doing this research, the writer gets deep knowledge about blending. Moreover, she can use this knowledge as the basic knowledge if she wants to learn more about linguistics, especially for morphology. In this research, the writer wants to investigate in what way Indonesian blends in the articles in Kompas and English blends in the articles in USA Today apply the rules of blending. In her research, she uses theory of blending froin Bauer, theory of blending from Adams, and theory of Indonesian syllabification as underlying theories. Moreover, she uses theory of word forination from Yule, and theory of blending from Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik as the supporting theories. The approach of this research was qualitative because the finding of this research were in the form of statements instead of number. Furthermore, the writer collected the data from the articles in Kompas and USA Today of March 21st until April 21st, 2002. Then, she analyzed those blends. For blends in Bahasa Indonesia, she found seven basic atterns and seven variations from the basic patterns. There are two patterns of Indonesian blends which is the same with the rules of blending in English. English blends do not always follow the rules of blending. There is one pattern of English blend which does not follow the rules of blending.

Keyword : english language, indonesian, semantic, kompas, usa today, articles

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2510/

A Study of asking for permision expressions produced by the Chinese and Javanese students of SMU Kristen Petra 3, Surabaya

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am


The way to ask for permission from others is one of the speech acts that has some unique aspects to be investigated, It is because the expression of asking for permission is differently expressed by different people in different situations. Different gender between the interlocutors may influence the way one asks for permission because men and women are different in using language. The way people ask for permission, to a greater extent, is affected by the situation in which the asking permission is expressed Different cultural background of the speakers may be responsible for producing different ways of asking for permission because each ethnic has different opinion about what politeness is. Therefore, I would like to know whether there might be some similarities and differences between the expressions of asking for permission produced by the Chinese students and the ones produced by the Javanese students. This study investigates the utterances expressed by the Chinese and Javanese students of SMU Krisyen Petra 3 in asking for permission to find out the similarities and / or differences on the way they ask for permission for taking leave. To determine which language function reveals mostly, at first I as the main instrument list the data collected from 12 respondents ( 3 Chinese female, 3 Chinese male, 3 Javanese female, and 3 Javanese ,male ) through the questionnaire. Then, those utterances classified into tables by following Van Ek`s ( 1976 ) classification of the language functions in order to know what the speaker actually intends to say / to do. reveals in the asking for permission expressions is Having analyzed the data, I find out that the predominant function that seeking permission. Then, it is followed by apologizing function that is used to show that they are in the lower position and reporting function that is used to convince the authority. Next, it can be seen that there is only a slight difference among the frequency number of language functions in terms of respondents? ethic and gender difference. In a similar way, in terms of addressees? ethnic difference, there is only a slight difference, too. On the contrary, based on the addressees? gender difference, there is a big difference between the frequency number of language function reveal in the permission utterances, as well as in terms of addressees? social status difference and situation difference. Finally, it can be concluded that in order to make a polite permission that make it is granted by the authority, the addressers should pay attention to the use of certain language functions. There are 4 language functions that never occur in the permission utterances expressed to the teacher as the superior, they are suggesting a course of action, requesting others to do something, advising others to do something, and instructing/ directing others to do something. In this way, by understanding the use of language function, it is possible to create a permission which will not be assumed as sarcasm, joking, or even rudeness.

Keyword : indonesian, language, dialects, linguistics, chinese, javanese, student

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2579/

The Termination formats used by pak as and bu as in obrolan santai by Eddy Suhendro in Nova

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Author : DWI, DINI

In closing the conflict, there are some different ways that participants might use One of the ways is called termination format. In serial short story, named Obrolan Santai there are some conflicts which involve its characters. The main characters, Bu As and Pak As, are involved in some conflicts, thus, some ways in handling the conflicts occur. In this thesis, the writer made a research on what termination formats are used by Bu As and Pak As and what factors influence Pak As and Bu As in using them. The purpose of the research is to find out whether there are some specific termination formats which Pak As and Bu As tend to use and whether the fact that the author is a male author who has his work published in women tabloid influence the power that he implements in his characters. In analyzing the data, the writer applies Vuchinich theory on basic termination format. The writer also applies Donohue and Kolt, Brown and Levinson, and Wilson and Putnam to support Vuchinich?s theory. From the analysis, the writer finds out that Pak As tends to submit to his wife, while Bu As tends to use stand off Besides the termination formats, the writer also analyses the factors that influence the use of termination formats. The writer figures out that, Bu As, as the Wife has got more power than her husband, Pak As. This is shown by the high frequency of Pak As submission.

Keyword : indonesian, language, social, linguistics, sociolinguistics, termination, obrolan santai, nova, eddy, suhendro

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2776/

Comparative study on the main female characters’ ideas about would-be spouses in Thomas Hardy’s under the greenwood tree and Sutan Takdir Alisyahbana’s dian yang tak kunjung padam …

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In her thesis, the writer determines IO analyze Thomas Hardy?s Under the Greenwood Tree and Sutan Takdir Alisyahbana’s Dian yang tak kunjung padam (A Candle that never Dies) since she wants to compare and contrast both novels in order to analyze and to prove that the main female characters’ ideas about would-be spouses in both novels are the same. By doing this comparative study, the writer wants to show that actually the matter of choosing would be spouses could be universal in some ways Then, by analyzing both novels, she wants to reveal both main female characters’ shared ideas of the ideal would-be spouses and their actions in handling the problem. Moreover, the writer discusses the consequences that they get from their actions. In both novels, the main female characters face the same conflicts which are the disapprovals to marry their lovers because of the social status. Their parents think that they have to marry men who have higher or at least the same social class as they do. In analyzing both novels, the writer uses the theory of literature especially characterization. She analyzes the main female and male characters’ conducts, feelings. attitudes. and speeches so that she can esplain clearly why the main female characters choose the main male characters as their would-be spouses, how they act when they art’ involved i n conflicts. and what consequences that they get from their action in opposing their parents’ disapproval. Because the conducts of the main male characters show that they arc caring. the main female characters feel that they arc appropriate to be their spouses. Then when the main female characters face the disapproval from their parents to marry their lovers, their thoughts, feelings, and attitudes are shown clearly througly their actions and speeches Then, they get different consequences of their different action in opposing their parents’ disapproval.

Keyword : alisyahbana, sutan, takdir, hardy, thomas, indonesian, fiction, character, female, english, fiction

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2904/

Pengaruh penggunaan bahasa (Bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Inggris) dan warna dasar dalam kemasan produk kecantikan terhadap perceived quality : Studi Kasus Pada Wanita Usia 15-25 tahun Di Gereja Bethany

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Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pengaruh bahasa dan warna dasar dalam suatu kemasan produk kecantikan terhadap perceived quality, melalui metode eksperimen. Penelitian dilakukan pada wanita usia 15-25 tahun di Gereja Bethany Manyar-Surabaya. Hasil eksperimen diuji dengan Analisa Diskriminan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dan pengolahan data statistik, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa warna kuning dan bahasa Indonesia memiliki pengaruh yang cukup besar dalam sebuah kemasan untuk menyampaikan pesan dari produsen terhadap konsumen.

Keyword : language, indonesian, english, basic colour, and perceived quality

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3828/

The acceptences and violantions of converstional maxims on SCTV program “Ngobras”

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This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the conversations in SCTV program `NGOBRAS?. This study is trying to look for the conversational maxims used by people which exist in those conversations. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can accept or violate one or more conversational maxims, particularly in the casual setting in the use of Bahasa Indonesia. In analyzing this conversational maxims, the writer uses the theory of The Cooperative Principle and The Conversational Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances accept those maxims or violate them. The writer used the qualitative approach since the data are in the form of words. The method of this study is to describe the context in terms of aims, such as, setting, participants, function, and topics; identify the types of maxims; and utterances which accepted or violated one of the conversational maxims. The overall findings show that the most frequent conversational maxims which occur is the maxim of quantity, and is followed by the maxim of relevance. Here, the numbers of the acceptance and violation of the maxim of quantity are balanced (ratio of 17 to 19), whereas most of the participants accept maxim of relevance (ratio of 16 to 2). It seems that the conversation is on information which evenly accepted and violated, and the information seems to be relevant, which is mostly accepted. And this makes the talk show alive and interesting.

Keyword : indonesian, language, discourse analysis, maxims, ngobras, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1328/

The Class antagonism between the javanese feudalist and the Dutch capitalist at the end of the 19 th century in the characters buildings of minke, out of which he becomes the main petty bourgeois …

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This study, through historical materialism theory, attempts to prove the existence of the class antagonism between the Javanese feudalist and the Dutch capitalist in the character building Minke, the main character of Pramoedya Ananta Toer?s This Earth of Mankind, out of which he becomes a petty bourgeois character. It firstly traces the existence of the two classes: the Javanese feudalist, as represented by his family, and the Dutch capitalist, as depicted by his European education. in the novel. The second is to prove the existence of the class antagonisin between the two classes in his character building. As similar as the class antagonism between the Javanese feudalist and the Dutch bourgeoisie at the end of the 19th century, the Javanese tried t o perpetuate its descendant in its path while the Dutch intended to uproot him from his feudal origin. Unfortunately, since the battlefield is directed to his personality., the conflict between the capitalist against the feudalist shift in his character building as a young inexperienced man. Minke himself must struggle against both of the two class representatives, since he has potentiality to defend or stand in both of the two sides concerning the influence that he receives from both of the two classes. Finally, the last task is to demonstrate how Minke develops to be a petty bourgeois character who is fluctuating in the midst of two classes. This young student?s possession of capital and production means make his position and consciousness identical with the bourgeoisie, but he is bound to the proletariat in his social position and his consciousness as well. To conclude, it is finally proven that the class conflict between the Javanese Feudalist and the Dutch Capitalist truly present in Minke?s character building and it is found out that he turns out to be a petty bourgeois character; to be the main petty bourgeois character in This Earth of Mankind

Keyword : indonesian, fiction, toer, pramoedya, ananta, this earth of mankind

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1885/

Acquisition of Indonesian affixes produced by a three-year-old Indonesian girl and a three-year-old Indonesian boy

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This study is about the acquisition of Indonesian affixes produced by a three-year-old Indonesian girl and a three-year-old Indonesian boy. The Indonesian affixes discussed here is dealing with the acquisition of Indonesian affixes, particularly prefix, sufffix and combination of prefix and suffix. The writer tries to find what Indonesian affixes produced by both subjects within the four-month-period of observation. The writer is encouraged to do the comparison between Indonesian grammatical acquisition produced by a three-year-old Indonesian girl and a three-year-old Indonesian boy for the reason that there is assumption that girls are `smarter? or faster than boys in language development. By doing so, thus the writer tries to find whether there are any differences or not on their acquisition on Indonesian affixes. The result of this study reveals that during the four-month-period of observation, there are some differences on their acquisition on Indonesian affixes as only the female subject who can acquire more complex affixes, or combination of prefix and suffix such as affix (di-i), (di-kan), and (ke-an).

Keyword : language, acquisition, indonesian, girl, boy, affixes

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2125/

Language code varietes used by some students from Kupang of the year 2000 in Petra Christian University: a case study

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Indonesia is a multilingual speech community with two main groups of languages, Standard Indonesian and ethnic languages. Thus, there are still many ethnic groups who maintain the use of their ethnic languages. This situation can also be observed in Petra Christian University (PCU) that in respect to multi-ethnicity and multi-cultural, can be regarded as Indonesia in a much smaller scale. One of the ethnic groups in PCU who still maintain the use of ethnic language is students from Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Hence, those Kupang students still use Kupang Malay (KM) as their ethnic language. KM itself has deep functions for Kupang people as regional pride, regional identity, and as a tool of communication. Thus, the writer used Holmes?s theory of sociolinguistics (1992) as her main theory in order to accomplish her research about language code varieties used by some students from Kupang of the year 2000 in PCU. Furthermore, the writer explained about the theory of code choices in relating to code mixing and code switching, theory of domain from Fishman?s work, about the standard languages and she also explained about the theory of KM itself After that, in analysing the data, she used a qualitative descriptive approach combining with a very limited of quantitative approach. Because of that, some Kupang students have the important role as her sources in gathering the data. Thus, their language repertoires were necessary, when she, as the main instrument, collected the data by observing or even by interviewing them. From the analysis, she found out that those Kupang students made some code choices in communicating with people, as the result of some social factors that influenced them to use those codes. Here, the social factors are the participants, the topic of conversation, the function of their speech, educational effect, and the setting in case of with whom they are living. Moreover, in using those codes varieties, they often mixed and switched their languages in order to convey meanings. On the other hand, those Kupang students used KM as the most dominant code or variety of language because of their feelings of belonging, and their feelings of longing while they used their mother tongue in non-native speakers of KM area. After all, the writer concludes that those Kupang students of the year 2000 used their mother tongue or first language dominantly in order to maintain KM as a local language, which functions as a symbol of regional pride, a symbol of regional identity, and as a means of communication. Thus, they maintain KM in order to show their loyalty to their ethnic language although they live in the area/region of non-native speaker of KM.

Keyword : indonesian, language, sociolinguistics, student, kupang

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2136/

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