Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


Acquisition of Indonesian affixes produced by a three-year-old Indonesian girl and a three-year-old Indonesian boy

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This study is about the acquisition of Indonesian affixes produced by a three-year-old Indonesian girl and a three-year-old Indonesian boy. The Indonesian affixes discussed here is dealing with the acquisition of Indonesian affixes, particularly prefix, sufffix and combination of prefix and suffix. The writer tries to find what Indonesian affixes produced by both subjects within the four-month-period of observation. The writer is encouraged to do the comparison between Indonesian grammatical acquisition produced by a three-year-old Indonesian girl and a three-year-old Indonesian boy for the reason that there is assumption that girls are `smarter? or faster than boys in language development. By doing so, thus the writer tries to find whether there are any differences or not on their acquisition on Indonesian affixes. The result of this study reveals that during the four-month-period of observation, there are some differences on their acquisition on Indonesian affixes as only the female subject who can acquire more complex affixes, or combination of prefix and suffix such as affix (di-i), (di-kan), and (ke-an).

Keyword : language, acquisition, indonesian, girl, boy, affixes

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2125/

The change of diction in the language spoken by Eliza in Bernard shaw’s pygmalion

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The writer uses George Bernard Shaw?s Pygmalion as the object of her study in this thesis. George Bernard Shaw was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1926 and Pygmalion is one of his most popular plays. In this play, he showed that accent and speech provides a way to social advancement. The writer finds that at the beginning of the play the major character, Eliza Doolittle, often uses non-appropriate words as the diction of her language use. Then, by reforming the choice of words (diction) of Eliza, Professor Higgins, transformed Eliza into a lady and her language especially her choice of words show the change at the end of the play. This fact attracts the attention of the writer to find out what kinds of changes occur in Eliza?s choice of words and to analyze what factors influence the change of her diction. In carrying out her study, she uses Mc Crimmon?s theory of diction as the main theory and Dell Hyme?s Ethnography of Communication as the supporting theory. This study is conducted through content analysis. The data for the analysis covers the diction which is used by Eliza Doolittle in the play. Then the Writer analyzes the diction especially on the appropriateness act by act and compares them later to determine the factors that causes of the changes of diction in the language spoken by Eliza.

Keyword : english, language, social, sociolinguistics, pygmalion, speaking

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3051/

A case study on the Indonesian language description in the language acquisition of a two-year old child’s utterances

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The writer of this research is curious to know the Indonesian language description of a two-year old child?s utterances, and intends to find out what kinds of functions that she produces, kinds of utterances, how the subject uses her utterances. The writer of this research uses the theory of Language acquisition, in this case language development by Brown (1973). To identify the functions of the utterances that are produced by the subject, the writer uses the theory from Halliday; while the theory by Tarigan is used for classifying the kinds of utterances produced by the subject of this research. To show the development of the pattern from two-word to three-word utterances of the subject, the writer uses the theory of semantic relation discussed by Purwo (1990). Since this research is a case study, the writer uses a qualitative approach, and it is considered as a descriptive study. While the data is taken from fourteen-day observation of a two-year old child. The result shows that the theory of language acquisition development by Brown and the functions of language by Halliday, are in line with the subject?s utterance development. According to Brown?s theory, the two-year old child produces one-word to two-word utterances as the dominant structure, but it is possible for the child to produce longer than two-word utterances. This process also happens in the subject?s utterances. Whereas the functions of utterances produced by the subject are instrumental, regulatory, interactions, heuristic, representational, and imaginative. Besides, the kinds of utterances produced by the subject are imperative, interrogative, negative, request, complains, greeting, call, and exclamation.

Keyword : language, acquisition, indonesian. children, utterances

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2309/

A Study of cohesion in the essays of students of writing IV, of the Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University

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This thesis is an analysis of cohesion in the essays of Writing IV Faculty of Letters? students. The researcher thinks that the ability to write well is very important for the students, for example in making their thesis. So, it is necessary for the students to know about cohesion. That is why the researcher decided to analyze Writing IV essays. She chose Writing IV essays because although the students already have enough experience in writing, the researcher still find mistakes in their essays. This reason also motivates her in analyzing Writing IV essays. In her thesis, she wants to find out the types of cohesion which are correctly and incorrectly used by the students. She hopes that the result of her research will be useful for the students of Faculty of Letters who major in Linguistics and who is interested in cohesion. In her analysis, the main theory that is used by the researcher is the theory of cohesion by Halliday and Hasan (1976). The theory talks about grammatical cohesion, which can be conveyed through Reference, Substitution, Ellipsis, and Conjunction; and lexical cohesion through Reiteration and Collocation. She applies this theory to analyze the data. She collects the data by photocopying the students? writing essays and she analyzes the essays thoroughly to find the cohesion types that occur in the essays. From the research, she finds that in all cohesion types, the correctly used types have higher number of occurrences than the incorrectly used ones. The fulfillment mostly happens in Conjunction and the mistake mostly occurs in Reference. In her analysis, the researcher also finds avoidance effect happens in certain cohesion types and mostly in Ellipsis. So, from the whole research, the researcher concludes that the students can apply cohesion well.

Keyword : english, language, linguistic, writing, petra, christian, university

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2676/

Language code varietes used by some students from Kupang of the year 2000 in Petra Christian University: a case study

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Indonesia is a multilingual speech community with two main groups of languages, Standard Indonesian and ethnic languages. Thus, there are still many ethnic groups who maintain the use of their ethnic languages. This situation can also be observed in Petra Christian University (PCU) that in respect to multi-ethnicity and multi-cultural, can be regarded as Indonesia in a much smaller scale. One of the ethnic groups in PCU who still maintain the use of ethnic language is students from Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Hence, those Kupang students still use Kupang Malay (KM) as their ethnic language. KM itself has deep functions for Kupang people as regional pride, regional identity, and as a tool of communication. Thus, the writer used Holmes?s theory of sociolinguistics (1992) as her main theory in order to accomplish her research about language code varieties used by some students from Kupang of the year 2000 in PCU. Furthermore, the writer explained about the theory of code choices in relating to code mixing and code switching, theory of domain from Fishman?s work, about the standard languages and she also explained about the theory of KM itself After that, in analysing the data, she used a qualitative descriptive approach combining with a very limited of quantitative approach. Because of that, some Kupang students have the important role as her sources in gathering the data. Thus, their language repertoires were necessary, when she, as the main instrument, collected the data by observing or even by interviewing them. From the analysis, she found out that those Kupang students made some code choices in communicating with people, as the result of some social factors that influenced them to use those codes. Here, the social factors are the participants, the topic of conversation, the function of their speech, educational effect, and the setting in case of with whom they are living. Moreover, in using those codes varieties, they often mixed and switched their languages in order to convey meanings. On the other hand, those Kupang students used KM as the most dominant code or variety of language because of their feelings of belonging, and their feelings of longing while they used their mother tongue in non-native speakers of KM area. After all, the writer concludes that those Kupang students of the year 2000 used their mother tongue or first language dominantly in order to maintain KM as a local language, which functions as a symbol of regional pride, a symbol of regional identity, and as a means of communication. Thus, they maintain KM in order to show their loyalty to their ethnic language although they live in the area/region of non-native speaker of KM.

Keyword : indonesian, language, sociolinguistics, student, kupang

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2136/

A Syntactical analysis of the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film

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This study is conducted in order to find out the sentence patterns used by the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon films. There are three main problems of the study: (1) What are the sentence patterns found in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (2) What is the most dominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (3) Are there any differences in their sentence patterns? The syntax theory used in this study is Stageberg?s Basic Sentence Patterns theory. It is supported by theory of Noun and Verb Phrases and also by the theory of part of speech. The dialogues of the two main characters, Pongo and Cruella are collected as the data and analyzed based on the theories above. From the analysis, it can be seen that not all the sentence patterns found in the dialogues, like pattern 8 and 9. The dialogues of Pongo are dominated by pattern 4 while Cruella?s are dominated by pattern 5 . Pattern 4 is Noun Phrase + Infnitive, pattern 5 is Noun Phrase + Transitive Verb + Noun Phrase. The writer found that although there is a difference in their sentence patterns, but the difference is not really significant since pattern 5 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and pattern 4 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Cruella?s As the result by doing this study, the sentence patterns of the main characters of “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film can be described.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, syntax, dalmatian, film, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3084/

A comparison on the children aged three’s and five performances in doing a sentence repetition test

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Author : , NOVIANI

This study is a comparative study on children aged three?s and five`s performances in doing a sentence repetition test. The research focuses on children aged three and five, because by the age of three the child has been able to express something not only in the form of simple sentences but also in the form of complex and compound sentences, and at the age of five the child has acquired simple, complex, and compound sentences. The test in this study is used to see the children?s competence in repeating sentences, of which the patterns they have already known and used in their utterances. This research wants to find out the kind of repetition the child would say in applying the model sentences and the kinds of changes that the children make in their repetition of the model sentence. Then, the differences and similarities between the two children in repeating sentences in the sentence repetition test are identified. The theories and study that are used in this study are the theory of first language acquisition from Lightbown (1993), Yule?s theory on the developmental stage of children syntactic acquisition (1996), Brown?s theory on language testing (1994), a sample of a sentence repetition test from Weir`s theory (1993), theory on standard Indonesian grammar, and Dardjowidjojo?s study on Indonesian children language acquisition (2000). The research uses a sentence repetition test, which is made in Indonesian by the writer based on Indonesian structure considering the children?s structure system and vocabulary, as the instrument for collecting data from two subjects, a three-year-old child and a five-year-old child. In the test, the children are required to repeat twenty-four sentences, which consist of various types: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and negative sentences, also of various lengths and complexity: simple, complex, and compound sentences. They have to repeat each sentence exactly as it is heard once, and it is recorded once on a tape. The result of the data analysis shows that both of them repeat the simple sentences well and make changes to some complex and compound sentences. Besides making changes of addition, deletion, substitution, and re-arrangement, they also make pattern changes to some sentences and change the meaning of the sentence in which they make changes. Their differences are particularly on the lexical items that are changed. Finally, it is concluded that the performances in repeating sentences of a three-year-old child and a five-year-old child in this study is more or less the same, as there are only insignificant differences between the children in repeating sentences on the sentence repetition test.

Keyword : language, acquisition, sociolinguistics, children

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2352/

The study of the consonants produced by a three – year – old hearing – impaired child

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This study tries to find out how a hearing-impaired child (the Subject) acquires the sounds of his language (more specifically the consonants): What consonants he can produce in all positions (initial, medial, and final) and what consonants he cannot. This study is conducted on the basis of Anton moeliono?s work (Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia) and Wolfram and Johnson (phonological Analysis).In his book, he mentions that phonological process is the result of using speech sound incorrectly. Hearing-impaired children have difficulty in producing sounds, like consonants and vowels. Bahasa Indonesia has twenty-three consonants and six vowels. Hearing-impaired children have more difficulty in producing consonants than vowels, so the writer only analyzes the twenty-three consonants. This is a descriptive study, aimed at finding out what Indonesian consonants can and cannot be produced by the subject in all positions, i.e. initially, medially, and finally. Other related studies, which deal in supra-segmental phonemes in Indonesian, phonological process and language acquisition are also referred in analyzing the data. The data are collected by recording the subject?s spontaneous speech. Finally, this study finds that there are three categories of consonants. First of all, the consonants that are found in all positions, i.e. initially, medially, and finally. Secondly, the consonants occur in one or two positions only. Finally, the consonants that are not found. A hearing-impaired speaker sometimes drops a consonant in a certain position or uses another consonant in the place of the intended one. There are seven consonants, that cannot be produced by the subject or not found because the apparently the sounds are not yet in his repertoire. The inability of the subject to produce a certain sound at a certain position may be the result of either the age of the subject, three-year-old or the hearing problem.

Keyword : children, phonology, language, consonants

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2701/

A Study of code-switching used by the presenter in RCTI quiz program “Who Wants to be a Millionaire”

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Author : , SHIERLY

The quiz called Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, which is broadcasted in RCTI, every Saturday at 07.00 p.m until 08.00 p.m, is one of the famous quizes which focuses on the interaction between presenter and contestant. The presenter of the program, Tantowi Yahya, is able to bring a good and casual atmosphere to the program. He is able to use the proper expressions in this program which lead him to the use of code switching. In this thesis, the writer would like to find out the kinds of language that the presenter uses during the show, since he is the one who runs the whole show. Also she would like to know the kind of language which mostly used by the presenter. The writer chose this topic and subject because sometimes when she watches the quiz on television program, people use code switching. Moreover, this is a famous, interesting and educating quiz which has been awarded as the most favourite TV quiz program and Tantowi Yahya, as the presenter, has been elected as the most favourite presenter in Panasonic Award 2001. In collecting the data, the writer records three episodes of Who Wants To Be A Millionaire quiz and transcribes the recording. Later, she uses the transcription as her data. In analyzing the data, the writer uses Holmes theory of code switching by a descriptive study of code switching. In this thesis, we can find later that the use of English language is quite dominant in the whole result which is 60.6% from the whole switch, and Non Standard language also has big number of percentage, 35.3% from the whole switch, while Javanese language only appeared 2.7%, and Arabic language only 1.4% from total code. This means that the switch that occured on the quiz mostly happened because the speaker uses a second language (especially English) within his utterances, and the other switch happened because of the change of language from formal to informal.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, code switching, language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2140/

Stylistics and pragmatics approaches towards two sets of bumper-in and bumper-out of Hard Rock FM Surabaya

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Most advertisers create unique advertisements to support the product that is represented by the advertisements. Radio advertisements have been great phenomena among the advertisers and the listeners. As the advertisements are being broadcasted through radio stations, they create interaction towards the listeners. It is either promoting the radio stations or the products by inserting attractive stories inside the advertisements. In order to make good advertisements, the advertisers needs to transmit the information, create interest, and make a desire to buy (Winardi, 1980). In creating advertisement, the advertisers have to think how to make good advertisements that will not make the listeners bored easily. The listeners tend to listen to the advertisements more and more. Hard Rock FM Surabaya creates interesting advertisements to promote its radio station. Concerning that, Stylistics and Pragmatics approaches are used to support and serve this purpose. The devices that are used in those approaches are Paralanguage and Presupposition. Since each advertisement contains a lot of meaning in it, the writer uses those theories in order to analyze the sound pattern that occurred, the writer uses theory, which is used by Trager and Halim (1974) to describe the sound and phonetic pattern. In addition, in order to find the intended meanings of the advertisements in Hard Rock FM Surabaya, Levinson (1983), Yule (1996), and Mey (1994) are used to describe the presuppositions that occurred in the selected advertisements, Furthermore, Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistic phenomenon in the radio advertisement as it investigates the intended meaning in the selected advertisements from Hard Rock FM Surabaya. However, quantitative approach is also used to describe the result of the respondents? answers through questionnaire.

Keyword : english, language, sociolinguistics, hard rock, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3095/

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