Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


A study of language functions used by a teacher teaching an autistic child

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Author : DEWI, RATNA

This study tries to find out the most common types of the linguistic functions in the utterances of a teacher teaching an autistic child and also the reasons behind their common use. The source of the data of this study is the spontaneous utterances produced by a teacher while teaching an autistic child in the classroom situation. The writer uses the quantitative and qualitative approaches in doing this study. The subject of this study is a teacher named Topik. He has been teaching in ‘Cakra’ Autisme Terapi, which is located at Sri Ikana no.56, for almost three years. In analyzing the data, the basic theory, which the writer used, were Van Ek and Alexander?s theory of language functions As an analysis of language functions in the utterances of a teacher in one of autistic schools in Surabaya, this thesis is chiefly concerned with forms in Bahasa Indonesia forms. From the analysis it has been found that there are single function and double function that occur in the teaching process. Single function is characterized by one purpose only. Every utterance that is produced by the teacher has only one function. Double function is characterized by two purposes. While the teacher teaches the student, he does not only have main purpose but also intended purpose.

Keyword : autistic, children, language, acquisition, psycholinguistics, teacher, cakra terapi, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2536/


Phonological processes of the first language acquisition done by a two-year-old Indonesian child

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This research is a case study on child?s language acquisition. The main focus of this study is on the analysis of phonological process of the words produced by a two-year-old Indonesian child. Realizing that there are a number of different theories of child?s language acquisition, it is interesting to know how the theory of phonological process proposed by David Ingram in general helps the Indonesian child to understand the language; and which phonological process mostly occur in his speech. This thesis presents further evidence and example of phonological process which involves substitution, assimilation, and syllable structure process. The data of an Indonesian child aged two years old is analyzed based on each process. The result of the research indicates that what described in Ingram?s phonological process theory also occurs in the subject?s speech such as substitution, assimilation and syllable structure process; and some of them are quite favored by the subject, as in stopping, fronting, substitution of retroflex, substitution of alveolar, deletion of unstressed syllable and reduplication. However, some of the phonological processes are absent in the subject?s speech such as gliding, vowel neutralization, vocalization, voicing, and labial assimilation. As the conclusion is drawn, the result of the study from the phonological process the subject is going through has proven that the subject already acquired most of the consonants and all the vowels in his first language. Phonological process by David Ingram has universal significance in some processes, which are extremely common across all languages and all children. The subject shows no uniqueness in acquiring his language. In fact, he follows the general phonological process as the other children do.

Keyword : psycholinguistics, language, acquisition, linguistics, child, phonological

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1378/

An Error analysis of the inflectional morphemes produced by speaking I student of the English Department of Petra Christian University

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This research is about the analysis of errors in inflectional morphemes produced by the Speaking I students of the English Department of Petra Christian University. The focus of this study is to investigate the occurrence of errors in inflectional morphemes, to find out the types of errors and the most occurrence errors in inflectional morphemes produced by the Speaking I students. The writer uses the theory of error analysis by Littlewood and the theory of inflectional morphemes in this thesis. Besides, the writer also uses Katamba?s theory about inflectional morphemes to support Godby?s theory. According to Littlewood, the types of errors are divided into overgeneralization, transfer, and simplification by omission. This theory, of course, is more general compared to the eight inflectional morphemes offered by Godby, those are third person singular present,; past tense; progressive; past participle; plural marker; possessive; comparative adjective or adverb; and superlative adjective or adverb. The source of this study is taken from the conversation which is held in Speaking I classes. First, she records the data, then transcribes the data, after that, she identifies and classifies the data. The writer classifies the data based on the more specific theory then going into the general one. Finally, she finds out that error in inflectional morphemes is 15% out of the total sentences. It is divided into three types of errors; those are 50.9% of omission error; 45.3% of overgeneralization error; and 3.8% of transfer error. Omission error is the most frequent error that happens but omission error is less variable compared to the overgeneralization error. There are only two types of error in overgeneralization which does not occur, namely overgeneralization in possessive and superlative adjective or adverb, yet there are three types of errors that do not occur in the omission error, those are omission in progressive, omission in comparative adjective or adverb and omission in superlative adjective or adverb. The fact above means that the students of the Speaking I class of Faculty of Letters Petra Christian University produce three types of errors. Those are omission, overgeneralization and transfer. From those three, the students tend to produce two types of errors namely omission and overgeneralization.

Keyword : english, language, morphem, sociolinguiistic, inflectional, speaking

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2852/

Functional stylistics in cigarette advertisements slogans

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Cigarette advertisements have been a great controversy among the advertisers and the governments. As governments put warnings of the health hazard in the cigarette advertisements, the advertisers, thus, should create effective advertisements by using slogans. In order to create good slogans, the advertisers needs to use certain style that would make the slogans catchy, easy to understand, and easy to repeat (Kirkpatrick, 1964). Stylistics forms are used to serve this purpose, and the devices such as the sound pattern, lexical selection, and imagery are functioned in the slogans. As stylistics is the product of abstraction (Spencer, 1964:59), thus, the stylistics theory used are those by Wellek and Warren(1965), Short (1996), and Ullman ( 1973). For the related theories, this study uses the review of theories by Wells, Burnett and Moriarty (2000), Russel and Lane(l999), and by Kirkpatrick (1964) for the principles of slogans in advertisements. Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistics phenomenon in the cigarette advertisements slogans as it investigates the interesting part of the making process of the slogans as well as the slogans resulted from it. From the analysis of functional stylistics, the stylistics forms are used well in the slogans as they are influenced greatly by the style-forming factors, such as the application of principles of advertisements, language and slogans, and other factors discovered in the analysis, such as the use of appeals, the use of symbolic characters, and the claim of certain qualities of the cigarette.

Keyword : english, language, style, linguistics, slogans, advertise

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2235/

The Sociolinguistic study on linguistic repertoire of one Wassu family in Haruku Island

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This thesis is an effort to build a better understanding of language as a part of culture of the people of Mollucas, particularly the indigenous people of Wassu in the island of Haruku, through the sociolinguistic study. The purpose of the study is to explore their linguistic repertoire in order to find out anv code variety included in the linguistic repertoire of the natives, and any social factor that influences their choice of certain variety to be used in a social context of speaking. Hudson’s theory of domains, together with the theory of social factors and social dimensions introduced by Holmes, are used in order to analyze the data Approach of conducting the study is a qualitative approach. Recorded utterances of speech of the natives and notes of applications of the varieties in any context other than speech contexts, such as watching TV or listening radio programs, and listening to a priest in Sundays services in church, become the sources of the data. The informants are a family of the indigenous people of Wassu, consists of a grandfather, a grandmother, a mother, an uncle, and an aunt, who were born and raised there. The data is classified according to the users. Every variety used is analyzed by applying the theory of domains. Holmes’ theory is used to find the influence of the social context to every user’s decision of choosing which variety to be used. The analysis shows that the linguistic repertoire of the indigenous people of Wassu consists of the Haruku language, the Ambonesse Malay sub-dialect of Wassu, the Ambonesse Malay, and the Indonesian language. The Haruku language, spoken by older people, serves as a formal language of traditional affairs and also an informal language of solidarity. The Ambonesse Malay sub-dialect of Wassu derived from the Ambonesse Malay. They have similarities in many ways eventhough there can be still some differences in structure and vocabulary. These two varieties spoken by the whole generations in Wassu, and become informal varieties of daily interactions. The natives use the Ambonesse Malay sub- dialect of Wassu to fellow villagers, and sometimes to outsiders of this speech community. The Ambonesse Malay is used when they interact with the outsiders. The Indonesian language becomes the language of formality and never spoken in daily interactions. It is used in the Sunday services, in schools and government office.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, language, culture, mollucas, haruku island, repertoire, haruku language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4570/

A study of speech function on chatting found in “the joy lucky club”

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Chatting plays an important role in enhancing the social relationship. People realize about it but many of them still think that chatting only carry such functions like imparting and seeking factual information, expressing and finding out emotional attitudes, or socializing. In fact, in chatting people do not only exchange information or express and find out emotional attitudes. In chatting, people may also express and find out intellectual and moral attitudes, or get something done (suasion). In conducting the research on chatting in The Joy Luck Club, particularly taken from American Translation part, the writer tries to answer two questions. First, what kind of speech function is used mostly in the chatting? Second, what is the sub-function used mostly in each speech function? In analyzing the data, she uses the theory of threshold level by van Ek. She uses qualitative approach to describe speech functions and speech sub-functions found in the chatting. The writer finds the mostly used speech function is imparting and seeking factual information with sub-function: reporting as the one mostly used. The second place is occupied by speech function: expressing and finding out intellectual attitudes with sub-function: expressing how certain/uncertain one is of something as the one mostly used. The third place is occupied by speech function: expressing and finding out emotional attitudes with its sub-function: expressing displeasure or dislike. The highest occurrence sub-functions of speech function: expressing and finding out moral attitudes are expressing disapproval and expressing appreciation. The highest occurrence sub-function of speech function: suasion is instructing and directing others to do something. The only used sub-function of speech function socializing is to attract attention. From the six speech functions, only two of them are of highest occurrence in the chatting. One is imparting and seeking factual infomation and the others is expressing and finding out intellectual attitudes.

Keyword : english, language, social, speech, chatting joy, luck, club

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2547/

An Error analysis on the tenses produced by the students of BBC english course in Rungkut Surabaya

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Each language has its own system, which is different from the other; for example English has its own system, tenses, which make it different from Indonesian. Learning tenses may improve our knowledge about foreign language. In the rocess of learning foreign language, making error usually happens and it is like any other human learning, which involves trial and error. Errors indicate that the process of learning is actually in progress. This study limits the analysis of five tense forms namely, Simple Present, Present Progressive, Present Perfect, Simple Past and Simple Future (Will) because they are viewed as the core system in English. The theory of Brown, Ellis and Corder are used in this study to refer error as the language system that the learner is using. The theory of error analysis by Ellis and Brown is also used as a main theory to do the analysis. Other theory used IS English tenses by Bing, Azar and Comrie The analysis is based on the theory of tenses, in which the writer describes and explains each tense in details. In the analysis, the writer finds that the students produced errors in each tense. She considers the students still have not mastered the five english tenses. In the finding, she found that the most frequent error that they produce is Present Perfect tense. As the conclusion, she found that the influence of their mother language impede the process of acquiring foreign language, in which the students are difficult to understand and to learn foreign language, which has different system as their mother language.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, course, rungkut, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1528/

A phonological study on the influence of Surabayanese accent in English pronunciation among some Indonesian members of the British council/ITS English Study Centre

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Most Javanese speak Javanese as their mother tongue; however, as the growth of Indonesia development in various sectors, most Javanese also acquire English. Concerning the importance of the role of English language nowadays, Javanese speakers in Surabaya consider that mastering written and oral English are necessary. However, they find difficulties in the process of acquiring the oral English related to their mother tongue, Javanese. Concerning that, the native language or the mother tongue is indeed a very influential factor in acquiring second language, from this point of view, Javanese whose first language is Javanese are assumed to have their own variation which is different from Javanese who have Indonesian or other languages as their first language. Their accent will be distinctively recognized because they produce a different pronunciation. The differences will be seen clearly through features of vowels, consonants, and diphthongs. In addition, in order to analyze the distortions that occurred : X—>Y/Z. The researcher records the pronunciation at the same time they pronounce the sentence list. Then, she transcribes the records based on IPA phonetic symbols. After that she classifies them based on the phonological process that occur. Finally, it is concluded that there are three main factors that influence Surabayanese speakers in their English pronunciation, they are process of naturalization, simplicity and the Javanese and Indonesian orthography system. Based on the findings, the writer classifies the vowel, consonant and diphthong errors? analysis into six main categories, they are insertion, deletion, flapping, aspiration, vowel length, consonants change, vowels change, diphthongization and monophthongization. In the deletion, the Surabayanese speakers left out the writer uses theory, which is used by Yule (1997) to describe the pronunciation system of English. Furthermore, the writer also uses the theories, which are used by Sry Satriya Tjatur Wisny Sasangka (2000) and by Subroto, Edi. Soenardji. Sugiri (1991) to describe the pronunciation system of the Javanese language…

Keyword : english, language, phonology, pronounciation, british, council, surabayanese

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2986/

A study of code switching in video jockeys’ utterances on Anteve program “MTV Land”

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Nowadays, it is usual that people use more than one language in communicating with others and they tend to switch the language even in a television program. In this case, the writer is interested in analyzing the code switching in the Video Jockeys? utterances on “MTV Land”. This music program has provided code-switching. Therefore, this study analyzes the language used, the reasons, and the types of code-switching in the subjects? utterances. The data were obtained through recording the five episodes of the program. Then, the data were analyzed and classified according to Hudson?s, Wardhaugh?s and Gumperz theories of the code switching. The findings show that the Video Jockeys used E-J code switching more frequently than E-I code switching. Besides, the writer found that there were four functions of code switching on that program. Finally, it is found that Conversational Code Switching is used more frequently since the Video Jockeys only entertained the audience in informal way.

Keyword : discourse, analysis, english, language, social, sosiolinguistic, video, jockeys, anteve, mtv, land

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2246/

Perancangan buku pembelajaran bahasa Mandarin- Indonesia-Inggris untuk usia 4 – 7 tahun

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Dalam globalisasi, orang dituntut untuk menguasai bahasa lain selain bahasa ibu yang digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Bahasa Mandarin adalah salah satu bahasa asing yang banyak digunakan sebagai alat komunikasi di dunia. Saat ini, ia juga mulai banyak disertakan dalam silabus pendidikan di Indonesia. Buku pembelajaran ini dibuat untuk membantu anak-anak dalam mempelajari bahasa Mandarin sebagai bahasa asing sejak dini. Konsep pembuatan buku ini ialah bagaimana membuat sebuah buku pembelajaran yang edukatif, komunikatif, dan kreatif bagi anak-anak. Lebih lanjut, ia juga bertujuan untuk memudahkan proses belajar dan merangsang anak-anak untuk lebih kreatif. Buku ini menggunakan dua bahasa, yakni bahasa Inggris dan Mandarin, dengan bahasa pengantar Bahasa Indonesia. Dalam pembuatannya, ia juga menggunakan metode analisa SWOT dan wawancara terbuka terhadap beberapa orang sebagai informasi pendukung dalam proses desain buku. Eksekusi desain dibuat dengan menciptakan ilustrasi yang sesuai dengan minat dan kesukaan anak, seperti gambar orang maupun hewan yang diwujudkan dalam gambar-gambar yang penuh warna dan garis-garis yang sederhana, dimana diharapkan dapat memotivasi anak untuk belajar. Desain buku ini terdiri dari empat buku pembelajaran dan satu buku pengenalan angka, dengan topik mengenai anak dan keluarganya, serta anak dan aktivitas sehari-harinya.

Keyword : learning, language, creativity, chinese

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/5637/

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