Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


The acceptences and violantions of converstional maxims on SCTV program “Ngobras”

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This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the conversations in SCTV program `NGOBRAS?. This study is trying to look for the conversational maxims used by people which exist in those conversations. The importance of this study is to make people understand that everybody can accept or violate one or more conversational maxims, particularly in the casual setting in the use of Bahasa Indonesia. In analyzing this conversational maxims, the writer uses the theory of The Cooperative Principle and The Conversational Maxims by Paul Grice (1975) that are used to decide whether the utterances accept those maxims or violate them. The writer used the qualitative approach since the data are in the form of words. The method of this study is to describe the context in terms of aims, such as, setting, participants, function, and topics; identify the types of maxims; and utterances which accepted or violated one of the conversational maxims. The overall findings show that the most frequent conversational maxims which occur is the maxim of quantity, and is followed by the maxim of relevance. Here, the numbers of the acceptance and violation of the maxim of quantity are balanced (ratio of 17 to 19), whereas most of the participants accept maxim of relevance (ratio of 16 to 2). It seems that the conversation is on information which evenly accepted and violated, and the information seems to be relevant, which is mostly accepted. And this makes the talk show alive and interesting.

Keyword : indonesian, language, discourse analysis, maxims, ngobras, conversation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1328/

A Study of opening, closing expressions, and addressing terms in lenong and srimulat

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This study is about differences of spoken Indonesian used in opening expressions, closing expressions and the use of addressing terms by people in Jakarta and Surabaya as seen through Lenong and Srimulat theatres. The writer analyzed the lexical and prosodic features while the grammatical items will be excluded. The writer used the descriptive approach in doing this study. In getting the data, he used a TV shows of Lenong and Srimulat theatres as the subject of this study The theories that are used by the writer in analyzing the data are the theory of Sociolinguistics, the theory expressions as well as the classification of English personal pronouns that is used as the basic theory to discuss the opening expressions, closing expressions and addressing terms used by the subjects. After analyzing all the data, the writer finds out from the data that the opening expressions in Lenong are softer than opening expressions in Srimulat Because in Lenong, they like to use opening expressions with title while in Srimulat, they like to use opening expressions with personal name. The closing expressions in Srimulat are ruder than closing expressions in Lenong Because in Srimulat, they like to use closing expression without a lip service while in Lenong, they like to use closing expressions with a lip service. The addressing terms in Srimulat is ruder than the addressing terms in Lenong although for some occasions the tone of addressing terms in Srimulat is softer than usual.

Keyword : javanese, language, sociolinguistics, lenong, srimulat

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2841/

The syntactic analysis of verbs in predicates in clash of the titans in Time magazine vol. 157 no. 8 February 26th, 2001

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This study is conducted to reveal the use of verbs in the predicates in the art article Clash of the Titans in Time Magazine Vol. 157 No. 8 page 62-64 February 26th, 2001. The main theories used are the theory of syntactic structures proposed by W. Nelson Francis, and the theory of transformational grammar proposed by Noam Chomsky, supported by Diane D. Bornstein. The approach of this study is qualitative-descriptive; meaning that the data consists of words instead of numbers, and the regularities found in the data are explained in detail. To gain the written data, the art article is chosen as the source of data. Finally, the writer finds out that the writer of the article uses only three among the four different types of predicates with the two tenses. The most frequently used type of predicate is the structure of complementation with the total occurrence 119 (69.19%), and the most frequently used tense is the present tense with the total occurrence 137 (79.65%). Besides, she also discovers an exception found in the data, that is the incomplete sentences (lack of subjects).

Keyword : english, language, verb, grammar, syntax, time, magazine

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2202/

Code mixing used in the historical fiction Bintang Berpijar di Langit Majapahit by Tasaro

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People always use language to communicate with other people. The fact is that people also sometimes mix two or more codes when they are communicating (Nababan, 1979, p.209). The code mixing itself can take place as a Noun, verb, Adjective, and Adverb, which refer as word classes. To follow, “Bintang Berpijar di Langit Majapahit” is a novel that, based on the writer?s observation, contains code mixing. Therefore, the writer is interested to conduct a study as to find out the code mixing, the use of code in the code mixing, the word classes that the code mixing belong to, and the frequencies of the word classes. The data of this study were taken from The Historical Fiction ?Bintang Berpijar di Langit Majapahit? by Tasaro. In this study, the writer focuses on code mixing produced by the six (6) major characters in this Novel. They are Hui Sing (main character), Cheng Ho (Admiral), Juen Sui (Cheng Ho?s pupil), Sien Feng (Cheng Ho?s pupil), Respati (Majapahit?s commander), and Anindita (Respati?s wife). Based on the findings, the writer can conclude that there are 39 utterances containing code mixing produced by the six main characters. Also, there are more than two codes in the code mixing: Indonesian, Chinese, and Javanese codes. Furthermore, there are only three elements of word classes used in the code mixing: Noun, Verb, and Adverb (Locative adverb). Finally, it can also be concluded that Noun has got the highest percentage, with 29 times occurrences, 78.38%. The next were verb (10.81%) and adverb (10.81%). The lowest is adjective, because there was no adjective used in the code mixing in this novel.

Keyword : code, code mixing, language, word class

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4087/

A study of language functions used by a teacher teaching an autistic child

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Author : DEWI, RATNA

This study tries to find out the most common types of the linguistic functions in the utterances of a teacher teaching an autistic child and also the reasons behind their common use. The source of the data of this study is the spontaneous utterances produced by a teacher while teaching an autistic child in the classroom situation. The writer uses the quantitative and qualitative approaches in doing this study. The subject of this study is a teacher named Topik. He has been teaching in ‘Cakra’ Autisme Terapi, which is located at Sri Ikana no.56, for almost three years. In analyzing the data, the basic theory, which the writer used, were Van Ek and Alexander?s theory of language functions As an analysis of language functions in the utterances of a teacher in one of autistic schools in Surabaya, this thesis is chiefly concerned with forms in Bahasa Indonesia forms. From the analysis it has been found that there are single function and double function that occur in the teaching process. Single function is characterized by one purpose only. Every utterance that is produced by the teacher has only one function. Double function is characterized by two purposes. While the teacher teaches the student, he does not only have main purpose but also intended purpose.

Keyword : autistic, children, language, acquisition, psycholinguistics, teacher, cakra terapi, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2536/

Phonological processes of the first language acquisition done by a two-year-old Indonesian child

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This research is a case study on child?s language acquisition. The main focus of this study is on the analysis of phonological process of the words produced by a two-year-old Indonesian child. Realizing that there are a number of different theories of child?s language acquisition, it is interesting to know how the theory of phonological process proposed by David Ingram in general helps the Indonesian child to understand the language; and which phonological process mostly occur in his speech. This thesis presents further evidence and example of phonological process which involves substitution, assimilation, and syllable structure process. The data of an Indonesian child aged two years old is analyzed based on each process. The result of the research indicates that what described in Ingram?s phonological process theory also occurs in the subject?s speech such as substitution, assimilation and syllable structure process; and some of them are quite favored by the subject, as in stopping, fronting, substitution of retroflex, substitution of alveolar, deletion of unstressed syllable and reduplication. However, some of the phonological processes are absent in the subject?s speech such as gliding, vowel neutralization, vocalization, voicing, and labial assimilation. As the conclusion is drawn, the result of the study from the phonological process the subject is going through has proven that the subject already acquired most of the consonants and all the vowels in his first language. Phonological process by David Ingram has universal significance in some processes, which are extremely common across all languages and all children. The subject shows no uniqueness in acquiring his language. In fact, he follows the general phonological process as the other children do.

Keyword : psycholinguistics, language, acquisition, linguistics, child, phonological

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1378/

An Error analysis of the inflectional morphemes produced by speaking I student of the English Department of Petra Christian University

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This research is about the analysis of errors in inflectional morphemes produced by the Speaking I students of the English Department of Petra Christian University. The focus of this study is to investigate the occurrence of errors in inflectional morphemes, to find out the types of errors and the most occurrence errors in inflectional morphemes produced by the Speaking I students. The writer uses the theory of error analysis by Littlewood and the theory of inflectional morphemes in this thesis. Besides, the writer also uses Katamba?s theory about inflectional morphemes to support Godby?s theory. According to Littlewood, the types of errors are divided into overgeneralization, transfer, and simplification by omission. This theory, of course, is more general compared to the eight inflectional morphemes offered by Godby, those are third person singular present,; past tense; progressive; past participle; plural marker; possessive; comparative adjective or adverb; and superlative adjective or adverb. The source of this study is taken from the conversation which is held in Speaking I classes. First, she records the data, then transcribes the data, after that, she identifies and classifies the data. The writer classifies the data based on the more specific theory then going into the general one. Finally, she finds out that error in inflectional morphemes is 15% out of the total sentences. It is divided into three types of errors; those are 50.9% of omission error; 45.3% of overgeneralization error; and 3.8% of transfer error. Omission error is the most frequent error that happens but omission error is less variable compared to the overgeneralization error. There are only two types of error in overgeneralization which does not occur, namely overgeneralization in possessive and superlative adjective or adverb, yet there are three types of errors that do not occur in the omission error, those are omission in progressive, omission in comparative adjective or adverb and omission in superlative adjective or adverb. The fact above means that the students of the Speaking I class of Faculty of Letters Petra Christian University produce three types of errors. Those are omission, overgeneralization and transfer. From those three, the students tend to produce two types of errors namely omission and overgeneralization.

Keyword : english, language, morphem, sociolinguiistic, inflectional, speaking

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2852/

Functional stylistics in cigarette advertisements slogans

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Cigarette advertisements have been a great controversy among the advertisers and the governments. As governments put warnings of the health hazard in the cigarette advertisements, the advertisers, thus, should create effective advertisements by using slogans. In order to create good slogans, the advertisers needs to use certain style that would make the slogans catchy, easy to understand, and easy to repeat (Kirkpatrick, 1964). Stylistics forms are used to serve this purpose, and the devices such as the sound pattern, lexical selection, and imagery are functioned in the slogans. As stylistics is the product of abstraction (Spencer, 1964:59), thus, the stylistics theory used are those by Wellek and Warren(1965), Short (1996), and Ullman ( 1973). For the related theories, this study uses the review of theories by Wells, Burnett and Moriarty (2000), Russel and Lane(l999), and by Kirkpatrick (1964) for the principles of slogans in advertisements. Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistics phenomenon in the cigarette advertisements slogans as it investigates the interesting part of the making process of the slogans as well as the slogans resulted from it. From the analysis of functional stylistics, the stylistics forms are used well in the slogans as they are influenced greatly by the style-forming factors, such as the application of principles of advertisements, language and slogans, and other factors discovered in the analysis, such as the use of appeals, the use of symbolic characters, and the claim of certain qualities of the cigarette.

Keyword : english, language, style, linguistics, slogans, advertise

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2235/

The Sociolinguistic study on linguistic repertoire of one Wassu family in Haruku Island

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This thesis is an effort to build a better understanding of language as a part of culture of the people of Mollucas, particularly the indigenous people of Wassu in the island of Haruku, through the sociolinguistic study. The purpose of the study is to explore their linguistic repertoire in order to find out anv code variety included in the linguistic repertoire of the natives, and any social factor that influences their choice of certain variety to be used in a social context of speaking. Hudson’s theory of domains, together with the theory of social factors and social dimensions introduced by Holmes, are used in order to analyze the data Approach of conducting the study is a qualitative approach. Recorded utterances of speech of the natives and notes of applications of the varieties in any context other than speech contexts, such as watching TV or listening radio programs, and listening to a priest in Sundays services in church, become the sources of the data. The informants are a family of the indigenous people of Wassu, consists of a grandfather, a grandmother, a mother, an uncle, and an aunt, who were born and raised there. The data is classified according to the users. Every variety used is analyzed by applying the theory of domains. Holmes’ theory is used to find the influence of the social context to every user’s decision of choosing which variety to be used. The analysis shows that the linguistic repertoire of the indigenous people of Wassu consists of the Haruku language, the Ambonesse Malay sub-dialect of Wassu, the Ambonesse Malay, and the Indonesian language. The Haruku language, spoken by older people, serves as a formal language of traditional affairs and also an informal language of solidarity. The Ambonesse Malay sub-dialect of Wassu derived from the Ambonesse Malay. They have similarities in many ways eventhough there can be still some differences in structure and vocabulary. These two varieties spoken by the whole generations in Wassu, and become informal varieties of daily interactions. The natives use the Ambonesse Malay sub- dialect of Wassu to fellow villagers, and sometimes to outsiders of this speech community. The Ambonesse Malay is used when they interact with the outsiders. The Indonesian language becomes the language of formality and never spoken in daily interactions. It is used in the Sunday services, in schools and government office.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, language, culture, mollucas, haruku island, repertoire, haruku language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4570/

A study of speech function on chatting found in “the joy lucky club”

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Chatting plays an important role in enhancing the social relationship. People realize about it but many of them still think that chatting only carry such functions like imparting and seeking factual information, expressing and finding out emotional attitudes, or socializing. In fact, in chatting people do not only exchange information or express and find out emotional attitudes. In chatting, people may also express and find out intellectual and moral attitudes, or get something done (suasion). In conducting the research on chatting in The Joy Luck Club, particularly taken from American Translation part, the writer tries to answer two questions. First, what kind of speech function is used mostly in the chatting? Second, what is the sub-function used mostly in each speech function? In analyzing the data, she uses the theory of threshold level by van Ek. She uses qualitative approach to describe speech functions and speech sub-functions found in the chatting. The writer finds the mostly used speech function is imparting and seeking factual information with sub-function: reporting as the one mostly used. The second place is occupied by speech function: expressing and finding out intellectual attitudes with sub-function: expressing how certain/uncertain one is of something as the one mostly used. The third place is occupied by speech function: expressing and finding out emotional attitudes with its sub-function: expressing displeasure or dislike. The highest occurrence sub-functions of speech function: expressing and finding out moral attitudes are expressing disapproval and expressing appreciation. The highest occurrence sub-function of speech function: suasion is instructing and directing others to do something. The only used sub-function of speech function socializing is to attract attention. From the six speech functions, only two of them are of highest occurrence in the chatting. One is imparting and seeking factual infomation and the others is expressing and finding out intellectual attitudes.

Keyword : english, language, social, speech, chatting joy, luck, club

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2547/

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