Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


A comparison on the children aged three’s and five performances in doing a sentence repetition test

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Author : , NOVIANI

This study is a comparative study on children aged three?s and five`s performances in doing a sentence repetition test. The research focuses on children aged three and five, because by the age of three the child has been able to express something not only in the form of simple sentences but also in the form of complex and compound sentences, and at the age of five the child has acquired simple, complex, and compound sentences. The test in this study is used to see the children?s competence in repeating sentences, of which the patterns they have already known and used in their utterances. This research wants to find out the kind of repetition the child would say in applying the model sentences and the kinds of changes that the children make in their repetition of the model sentence. Then, the differences and similarities between the two children in repeating sentences in the sentence repetition test are identified. The theories and study that are used in this study are the theory of first language acquisition from Lightbown (1993), Yule?s theory on the developmental stage of children syntactic acquisition (1996), Brown?s theory on language testing (1994), a sample of a sentence repetition test from Weir`s theory (1993), theory on standard Indonesian grammar, and Dardjowidjojo?s study on Indonesian children language acquisition (2000). The research uses a sentence repetition test, which is made in Indonesian by the writer based on Indonesian structure considering the children?s structure system and vocabulary, as the instrument for collecting data from two subjects, a three-year-old child and a five-year-old child. In the test, the children are required to repeat twenty-four sentences, which consist of various types: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and negative sentences, also of various lengths and complexity: simple, complex, and compound sentences. They have to repeat each sentence exactly as it is heard once, and it is recorded once on a tape. The result of the data analysis shows that both of them repeat the simple sentences well and make changes to some complex and compound sentences. Besides making changes of addition, deletion, substitution, and re-arrangement, they also make pattern changes to some sentences and change the meaning of the sentence in which they make changes. Their differences are particularly on the lexical items that are changed. Finally, it is concluded that the performances in repeating sentences of a three-year-old child and a five-year-old child in this study is more or less the same, as there are only insignificant differences between the children in repeating sentences on the sentence repetition test.

Keyword : language, acquisition, sociolinguistics, children

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2352/

The study of the consonants produced by a three – year – old hearing – impaired child

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This study tries to find out how a hearing-impaired child (the Subject) acquires the sounds of his language (more specifically the consonants): What consonants he can produce in all positions (initial, medial, and final) and what consonants he cannot. This study is conducted on the basis of Anton moeliono?s work (Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia) and Wolfram and Johnson (phonological Analysis).In his book, he mentions that phonological process is the result of using speech sound incorrectly. Hearing-impaired children have difficulty in producing sounds, like consonants and vowels. Bahasa Indonesia has twenty-three consonants and six vowels. Hearing-impaired children have more difficulty in producing consonants than vowels, so the writer only analyzes the twenty-three consonants. This is a descriptive study, aimed at finding out what Indonesian consonants can and cannot be produced by the subject in all positions, i.e. initially, medially, and finally. Other related studies, which deal in supra-segmental phonemes in Indonesian, phonological process and language acquisition are also referred in analyzing the data. The data are collected by recording the subject?s spontaneous speech. Finally, this study finds that there are three categories of consonants. First of all, the consonants that are found in all positions, i.e. initially, medially, and finally. Secondly, the consonants occur in one or two positions only. Finally, the consonants that are not found. A hearing-impaired speaker sometimes drops a consonant in a certain position or uses another consonant in the place of the intended one. There are seven consonants, that cannot be produced by the subject or not found because the apparently the sounds are not yet in his repertoire. The inability of the subject to produce a certain sound at a certain position may be the result of either the age of the subject, three-year-old or the hearing problem.

Keyword : children, phonology, language, consonants

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2701/

A Study of code-switching used by the presenter in RCTI quiz program “Who Wants to be a Millionaire”

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Author : , SHIERLY

The quiz called Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, which is broadcasted in RCTI, every Saturday at 07.00 p.m until 08.00 p.m, is one of the famous quizes which focuses on the interaction between presenter and contestant. The presenter of the program, Tantowi Yahya, is able to bring a good and casual atmosphere to the program. He is able to use the proper expressions in this program which lead him to the use of code switching. In this thesis, the writer would like to find out the kinds of language that the presenter uses during the show, since he is the one who runs the whole show. Also she would like to know the kind of language which mostly used by the presenter. The writer chose this topic and subject because sometimes when she watches the quiz on television program, people use code switching. Moreover, this is a famous, interesting and educating quiz which has been awarded as the most favourite TV quiz program and Tantowi Yahya, as the presenter, has been elected as the most favourite presenter in Panasonic Award 2001. In collecting the data, the writer records three episodes of Who Wants To Be A Millionaire quiz and transcribes the recording. Later, she uses the transcription as her data. In analyzing the data, the writer uses Holmes theory of code switching by a descriptive study of code switching. In this thesis, we can find later that the use of English language is quite dominant in the whole result which is 60.6% from the whole switch, and Non Standard language also has big number of percentage, 35.3% from the whole switch, while Javanese language only appeared 2.7%, and Arabic language only 1.4% from total code. This means that the switch that occured on the quiz mostly happened because the speaker uses a second language (especially English) within his utterances, and the other switch happened because of the change of language from formal to informal.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, code switching, language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2140/

Stylistics and pragmatics approaches towards two sets of bumper-in and bumper-out of Hard Rock FM Surabaya

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Most advertisers create unique advertisements to support the product that is represented by the advertisements. Radio advertisements have been great phenomena among the advertisers and the listeners. As the advertisements are being broadcasted through radio stations, they create interaction towards the listeners. It is either promoting the radio stations or the products by inserting attractive stories inside the advertisements. In order to make good advertisements, the advertisers needs to transmit the information, create interest, and make a desire to buy (Winardi, 1980). In creating advertisement, the advertisers have to think how to make good advertisements that will not make the listeners bored easily. The listeners tend to listen to the advertisements more and more. Hard Rock FM Surabaya creates interesting advertisements to promote its radio station. Concerning that, Stylistics and Pragmatics approaches are used to support and serve this purpose. The devices that are used in those approaches are Paralanguage and Presupposition. Since each advertisement contains a lot of meaning in it, the writer uses those theories in order to analyze the sound pattern that occurred, the writer uses theory, which is used by Trager and Halim (1974) to describe the sound and phonetic pattern. In addition, in order to find the intended meanings of the advertisements in Hard Rock FM Surabaya, Levinson (1983), Yule (1996), and Mey (1994) are used to describe the presuppositions that occurred in the selected advertisements, Furthermore, Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistic phenomenon in the radio advertisement as it investigates the intended meaning in the selected advertisements from Hard Rock FM Surabaya. However, quantitative approach is also used to describe the result of the respondents? answers through questionnaire.

Keyword : english, language, sociolinguistics, hard rock, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3095/

The study of topics, subtopics, and noun phrases in some education brochures

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Author : , YULIANTI

The writer is interested in analyzing the study of topics, subtopics, and noun phrases of some education brochures. Through this research, she wants to know how the writer of education brochures expresses his or her ideas. In order to support the writer?s research, she uses the theory of style, topic, and noun phrase. This research is a qualitative research and the writer analysed ten education brochures in which she got them from International Village in Universitas Surabaya. This thesis wants to find how many kinds of topics occurred the most often in the education brochures, which topic appeared the most, what subtopics occurred the most often, and what noun phrases used in the subtopics. After analyzing, it is found that the topic “advantages of studying in the university” occurred the most often. In that topic, the subtopic “Facility” and the subtopic “Place” occurred the utmost. These two subtopics, the dominant adjectives used are international, qualified, top class, high tech, modem, excellent, safe, vibrant. It is hoped that this research could help people to understand the style of language in terms of topic, subtopic, and noun phrase.

Keyword : english, language, rhetoric, noun, phrases, brochures

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2453/

The intended meaning of smurf words in smurf comic strips

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This thesis is a study which uses discourse analysis theory to analyze the coherence on the language used in comic strips. The writer wonders how the readers understand the meaning of `Smurf? in the comic strips which the `Smurf’ words carry different meanings. Besides, the writer also wants to find out what is the intended meaning of `Smurf? in the comic strips. To limit the research activities the writer takes six pieces of comic strips taken from Smurf magazine in May and June edition, 1991, as her data. In analyzing the data the writer did several steps. First, she described the context of situation, by using the theory of Hyme?s Ethnography of Speaking. Second, she described the meaning of each dialogue in each comic strip based on Brown and Yule theories on Coherence concerning the two aspects of recognizing coherent texts, namely; the general socio-cultural knowledge (frame, scripts and schemata) and the inference. Third, she noted down all the intended meaning in `Smuff words that had been underlined. From the analysis, the writer finds out that the word `Smurf? in the comic strips is used to replace different vocabularies. Although the word `Smurf’ is not used to replace particular words, there are some of them have the same meaning, like the words; make, fly, to do and surprise. Finally, the writer finds out that language and culture are interrelated. That?s why to convey the intended message from the comic strip, the readers have to know about social background knowledge and cultural background knowledge used in the comic strip. Since the Smurf comic strips used a lot of `Smurf words, the readers have to interpret the intended meaning by themselves. Without social background knowledge and cultural background knowledge the readers might end with misunderstanding or misinterpretation in reading the comic strip.

Keyword : linguistic, english, language, discourse analysis, smurf

Model komunikasi antarbudaya ekspatriat Guangdong Machinery Exp.Imp.Ltd China (GMC) dengan orang Indonesia dalam rangka menjalin kerja sama dengan orang Indonesia di Surabaya


Model komunikasi yang terjadi antara ekspatriat Guangdong Machinery Exp. and Imp. Ltd. China (GMC) ketika harus berinteraksi dengan orang Indonesia di Surabaya adalah model komunikasi antarbudaya. Dikatakan sebagai model komunikasi antarbudaya karena adanya perbedaan budaya yang dimiliki antara para ekspatriat GMC dengan orang Indonesia yang semuanya itu dipengaruhi oleh unsur kultur, sosiokultur, dan psikokultur . Metodologi yang digunakan adalah pendekatan deskripsi kualitatif melalui observasi dan wawancara mendalam dengan para informan, sehingga hasilnya dapat menggambarkan secara makro tentang kehidupan dan hubungan interaksi yang terjadi pada ekspatriat dari GMC Cina terhadap orang Indonesia dalam rangka menjalin kerja sama di Surabaya. Hasil dari analisa menunjukan bahwa unsur kultur, sosiokultur dan psikokultur itu muncul lewat penggunaan bahasa daerah ketika para ekspatriat ini berkomunikasi dengan sesama ekspatriatnya, dan penggunaan bahasa Indonesia, Mandarin, Jawa dan Inggris ketika berinteraksi dengan orang Indonesia. Kemudian juga sikap-sikap tertentu yang ditunjukan ketika berinteraksi, baik dengan sesama ekspatriat maupun dengan orang Indonesia, yaitu seperti sikap diam, kecenderungan melakukan kegiatan makan bersama sebagai sarana komunikasi, pembagian job desc yang sesuai, serta adanya niat untuk selalu beradaptasi, dimana ini semua pada dasarnya dipengaruhi oleh kepercayaan mereka pada ajaran Konfusius.

Keyword : guangdong machinery exp. and imp. ltd. china (gmc), communication, culture, multicultural communication, expatriates, language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2750/

A speech act analysis of the dialogues in the javanese short story “ambyuke nyonyah besar”

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This study is basically an analysis of the dialogues between Yatun and her father, the two main characters of “Ambyuke Nyonyah Besar”, a short story written in Surabaya Javanese dialect by Suparto Brata. In this study, the writer looked for the associative lexical items of the utterances and finds both their cognitive and associative meaning in order to reveal the propositional content and the illocutionary force of the speech act utterances. This study is a qualitative research; therefore, the main instrument is the writer herself. The source of data was taken from the dialogues between the main characters in Suparto Brata?s short story `Ambyuke Nyonyah Besar”, one of the short-stories in his book “TREM Antologi Crita Cekak”, a compilation of twenty short-stories which were all written in Javanese. For her analysis, first she organized the utterances between Yatun and her father by giving numbers. Then, she grouped them based on their topics. Next, she proceeded to identifying the propositional content of the utterance in which she looked for both cognitive and associative meaning of the associative lexical items found in the utterances. Having analyzed all the data, she found out twenty-two speech act utterances with various associative lexical items used by the characters in speaking to each other. Those associative lexical items had both cognitive and associative meanings. The propositional content of the utterances were based on both types of meaning above. However, the illocutionary forces of the utterances were derived from the propositional content of the associative meaning of the associative lexical items as the writer of this study believes that it reveals the intended meaning of the speaker. Finally, the writer of this study concluded that in order to understand Javanese, both speaker and interlocutor should understand the two types of meanings revealed in the associative lexical items, which were the cognitive and the associative meanings of the associative lexical items. By analyzing of the associative lexical items, it was possible to determine the illocutionary force of the utterance. In this way, what the speaker intended to say was eventually revealed.

Keyword : antrophological, linguistics, java, sociolinguistics, language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2147/

A phonological study of simplication in child language in bahasa Indonesia produced by one-and-a-half-year-old Indonesian girl

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This study is about “A Phonological Study Of Simplification In Child Language In Bahasa Indonesia Produced By And A Half Year Old Indonesian Girl” In this study, the writer is interested to analyze the characteristics of Simplification of a child?s speech. As a subject, the writer analyzes her own cousin, Femy. In collecting the data, the writer meets the subject three times a week for approximately six months It begins from June up to December 2001. During the process of data collection, the writer takes a note all the subject?s speech and sometimes shows some picturesin order to get more data. Later on, the writer analyzes all of the data based on Clark and Clark?s theory about some characteristics of simplification in child language. Those characteristics are: 1) omission of final sound, 2) reduction of consonant cluster, 3) omission of unstressed syllable, and 4) reduplication of syllable. Additionally, the writer also uses Ingram?s theory to analyze and explain other characteristics that can not be includedin the Clark and Clark?s theory In this research, the writer also uses one additional Characteristic from Rini’s research (2000). Finally, the result showsthat all four characteristicsin Clark and Clark?s theory occur in the data, especially for reduction of consonant cluster which occursthe most in the data. Later on, there are three other characteristics occur in the data, such ax omission of initial sound (like in Rini’s table) substitution, and assimilation Ingram?s theory Additionally, especially at the end of the research, the writer finds that substitution processes occur the most in the data notreduction of consonant cluster. Those are the characteristics that are found in the data. It shows that the subject observed has all four characteristics of simplification, substitution. assimilation, and omission of initial sound found in Rini?s research, but not for other characteristics (reversion of vowels or consonants, characteristics of suffixes, and characteristics in English songs or phrases) that occur in Filip?s speech, the subject observed by Rini.

Keyword : language, acquisition, indosenesia, girl, bahasa indonesia, phonological

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3127/

A study of the javanese speech levels used in the gambar berguna-guna episode of ketoprak humor

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This thesis is about a linguistic phenomenon in one of the popular humorous entertainment programs, ‘Ketoprak Humor??, in RCTI as one of the Indonesian private television channels. Based on the conversations that appear in ‘Ketoprak Humor’, I find that the players use Javanese speech levels in delivering the story and according to the theories, there are some factors that may influence the use of a particular level. Therefore this study is an attempt to analyze the use of Javanese speech level and the influence of social rules, i.e. social factors and social dimensions on the choice of the Javanese speech levels in the episode of Ketoprak Humor entitled “Gambar Berguna-guna” (The Magical Picture). Then, to collect the data, 1 record one episode of “Ketoprak Humor” randomly. 1 transcribe and put numbers on Javanese utterances along with the context, and classify them based on Poedjosoedarmo?s theory of Javanese speech levels. I put into calculation table to find out the most commonly speech level has been used by the players. After that, I analyze the categorization of the level by giving representative examples. In addition, I analyze each level based on Holmes? theory about social factors and social dimensions to find out the rule of usage of each level that has been used in the episode of Ketoprak humor. After analyzing the data, I find out that the conversations which are produced in “Ketoprak Humor“ are dominated by the use of Ngoko style. However, higher styles such as Madya and Krama also appear in the conversations to show respect or politeness toward the elder or,somebody who has a very high status or to create more serious atmosphere of conversations about a particular problem. In addition, I find out that in the episode of Ketoprak Humor entitled Gambar Berguna-Guna, Ngoko speech level can be used by participants who have the same social status and intimate relationship, people of different social status with intimate or non intimate relationship, in both formal and informal setting, in informal topic, and for affective function. In addition, Madya speech level can be used by participants of the same social status who have intimate relationship, participants of different social status who have close or not close relationship, in both formal and informal setting, in informal topic, and for affective function. Last, Krama speech level in the episode of “Gambar Berguna-Guna” is used by participants who have different social status but intimate relationship, in formal place, in informal topic, and for affective function. It is obvious that there are some occasions whereby the rules of usage according Poedjosoedarmo?s theory are not fully followed due to the specific demand of the stage. Thus, they may use level that makes them easiest in expressing the idea and to be enjoyed fully by the audience.

Keyword : javanese, language, style, ketoprak, humor, speech

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2471/

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