Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

The Use of communication strategies by male and female students of level 4 english conversation class at ppb petra christian university

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Author : HARTOYO, INGE

This study is about the use of communication strategies by male and female students of level 4 English Conversation Class at Program Pendidikan Bahasa (PPB), Petra Christian University. The subject of this study are the students of level 4 English Conversation Class both male and female. The writer uses William Littlewood?s theory of communication strategies as a guideline in analysing the data. The data were taken from recording seventeen (seven male and ten female) students? conversations and discussion in class. Besides, the writer also took a note on anything that are not recorded as the data. The findings of this study reveal that male and female students use seven types of communication strategies which are avoiding communication, adjusting the message, using paraphrase, using approximation, creating new word, switching to native language and seeking help strategy. Meanwhile, only one female student uses non-linguistic resource strategy. Moreover, the findings also show that the highest number of strategy used by male and female students is the same which is creating new word strategy. Moreover, the lowest number of strategy between male and female students are different. Male students contribute seeking help strategy as the lowest number of strategy; whereas, female students contribute using paraphrase and switching to native language as the least used strategy.

Keyword : english drama, communication, conversation, male, female, students

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2183/

A Study dating invitation expressions produced by the first year male and female students of Management Departement in Petra Christian University

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Author : TJAHJONO, LAVINIA

The way how to express the dating invitation has been a kind of essential expression in a couple relationship, in this case, in different gender. It is because the dating invitation expression itself may be the initial step to build a further relationship between males and females.Unfortunately, my friends and I sometimes have difficulties in expressing dating invitation in order to show that we attract to someone in different gender.Thus, I am interested in studying more about what the elements that underlie the dating invitation made by males and females and the difference between them. In this study, I analyze the language functions, the types of sentences, and the topic as the theories which are often used by males and females based on their gender differences. After that, I analyze the similar and different ways of making dating invitation between males and females. The data are collected from males? and females? utterances based on the observation. Then, to back up the findings, I also interview several respondents. In conducting this research, I use the qualitative approach to study the dating invitation. In analyzing the data, I present the data into tables and compare them in order to find the similarities and/or differences of the invitation made by males and females.I find out that, in general, males tend to be direct in inviting females for a date by using interrogative. They use social language function.Therefore, their sentences are simple. Meanwhile, females tend to use complex sentence. It is affected by the their conventional style of language, that is more polite and indirect.They use descriptive language function which gives fact that relates to their invitation. In inviting, most of them talk about free time and entertainment.

Keyword : linguistics, sosiolinguistics, dating, male, female, student, management, expressisons

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2417/

Taboo words produced by male and female characters in the movie boys don’t cry

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Author : WATI, YOHANA

Generally, taboo words are words which were ‘not only considered inappropriate for certain context, but were also forbidden in most communicative events’ (Trudgill, 1974:29-3 1 ) However, regardless the fact that taboo words were condemned to use, their presence was undeniable, and it did, in fact, exist in our community. The traditional conception said that females were forbidden to use it for any reasons, while males had their freedom because of the context of masculinity involved. Since the condition became more flexible toward males and females, the pressure got more relaxed. Therefore, the writer was curious to know the kinds of taboo words that males and females used, their tabooed subjects, and their primary purpose to use it. The data was taken from the movie Boys don?t cry, and the approach used was a qualitative-descriptive approach. On the other hand, the theories used to analyze the data were divided into two main theories and one supporting theory. The main theories were taken from the combination between Liedlich and Wardhaugh?s theory about the classification of taboo words and Liedlich?s theory of the purpose. Meanwhile, Hymes? theory about the factors exist in communicative events was also taken to support the analysis of the user?s purpose in using taboo words. The final result of this study was that the taboo word that was often used by both males and females was fuck, and they shared the same tabooed subject, which was Sex. The purpose was quite different. While males used taboo words for the purpose of identification, females used them to provide catharsis.

Keyword : english, language, social aspects, linguistics, slang, taboo, male, female, movie

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2600/

A Comparative study of the male dominance towards the main female characters, Maggie Tulliver and Esther Lyon, and their reactions against the male dominance as seen in George Eliot’s …

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Author : NATALIA, MARIA

This thesis mainly deals with the comparative study of the male dominance towards the two main female characters of George Eliot?s novels, The Mill on the Floss and Felix holt, the radical Maggie Tulliver and Esther Lyon. Both Maggie Tulliver and Esther Lyon have to undergo hostilities in dealing with the main male characters as the outcome of the dominance of the main male characters, Tom Tulliver and Felix Holt. Despite the fact that Maggie and Esther have to undergo a similar predicament, they apply contradictory attitudes in dealing with it; nevertheless, in the end both of them encounter equivalent result: the failure to gain equality with the male characters. By comparing and contrasting the male dominance of Tom Tulliver and of Felix Holt as well as the attitudes of Maggie Tulliver and of Esther Lyon by means of the literary theory and the theory of Marxist feminism, I want to know why the male dominance towards the main female characters subsists despite the contradictory attitudes of the heroines. In fact, this comparative study aims to show that Maggie and Esther fail to gain equality with the main male characters due to the strength of male dominance itself. Having to encounter the biggest dominance from her brother, Tom Tulliver, Maggie attempts to fortify herself by opposing Tom?s male force. Nevertheless, instead of gaining equality with Tom, she has to meet frustrating result which is the dereliction to elude from Tom?s dominance. This is due to the fact that Tom strengthens his dominance towards Maggie whenever she opposes his dominance that in the end, Maggie reconciles herself to the reality that Tom is superior to her. On the other hand, Esther, who has to encounter the dominance of Felix Holt, applies her own discrepant attitudes from those of Maggie in dealing with Felix?s dominance. Obliging herself to be submissive, Esther attempts to safeguard herself from Felix?s dominance. Notwithstanding her discrepant attitudes from those of Maggie, still she has to encounter equivalent result. In fact, Esther has accepted the fact that Felix is her superior; thus she failed from the very first time and this makes her different from Maggie. Thus, Maggie and Esther must reconcile themselves to the reality that all of their endeavors to gain equality with the main male characters are nothing but fruitless dream, albeit Maggie?s attitudes are rebellious while Esther?s attitudes are submissive. This shows that any kinds of demeanor used by Maggie and Esther in dealing with the male dominance are confronted to the dead ends which are constructed by the male dominance. As a result, since Maggie and Esther are ensnared within the vicious cycle of male dominance, they will never be able to acquire their self-determination anymore, and all of their endeavors are unavailing.

Keyword : eliot, george, felix holt, english, fiction, male, female, character, attitudes, rebellious, submissive, dominance

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2830/

A Sociolinguistic study of strategies of thanking used by male and female Javanese and Chinese-Indonesian students of Faculty of Economy of Petra Christian University

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Author : OCTOVIA, NAOMI

Expressing gratitude is one of the routinized speech acts which has a social or polite meaning besides apologizing. In this case, people look at it as a politeness behaviour and a crucial part to build and establish social relationships. There are two important linguistic features such as different cultural backgrounds and gender of the speakers that influence people in expressing gratitude. From these factors, the writer is interested in analyzing gratitude expressions, particularly about strategies they used in expressing gratitude. The data of this study were taken from the open-ended questionnaires distributed to ten Javanese students and ten Chinese-Indonesian students of Faculty of Economy of Petra Christian University, that each group consisted of five males and five females. The data were categorized based on Haverkate’s thanking strategy (1984) that consists of eight strategies. They are thanking somebody explicitly, expressing gratitude, expressing appreciation of the addressee, expressing appreciation of the act, acknowledging a debt of gratitude stressing one’s gratitude, expressing emotion, and self-denigration. From the analysis, the writer finds out that strategy 1, thanking somebody explicitly, is the most strategy used by both male and female Javanese and Chinese-Indonesian students. However, based on gender analysis, female respondents used it more than male respondents did. On the ethnicity analysis, Chinese-Indonesian students used strategy 1 more than Javanese students did. Another two strategies mostly used by the students are strategy 2, expressing gratitude, and strategy 7, expressing emotion. The interesting here is also found in the use of expression of making a joke by the students as the strategy to express their gratitude. This strategy is not included in the eight strategies proposed by Haverkate. Finally, the findings suggested that females tended to use direct strategy more than men did; while Chinese-Indonesian students tended to use direct strategy than Javanese students did. The writer then concludes that people of different sex and ethnicity do have differences and similarities in using strategy of expressing gratitude.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, male, female, javanese, chinese-indonesian students

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4791/

An Investigation of opening expressions produced by 19-22 years old female and male students of the Faculty of Letters English Department in Petra Christian University

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Author : INA, YOSEPHINE

The way to express the opening expression has become a kind of important expression in people?s interaction. It is because in everyday conversation, almost all people produce the opening expressions toward their interlocutors before they start to talk about the main topic. Also, the opening expression may indicate that we admit the existence of others or we concern to others. Thus, I am interested in studying more about the use of opening expressions from the students? point of view, In this study, I analyze the use of opening expression in terms of topic, types of opening expressions, the types of sentences. After that, I analyze the similar and different ways of producing the opening expressions between females and males. The data are collected from females? and males? utterances based on the observation. In conducting this research, I use the qualitative approach to get holistic picture about opening expressions. In analyzing the data, I present the data into tables in order to find the similarities and/or differences of the opening expressions in terms of topic, types of opening expressions, the types of sentences produced by females and males students. In findings, mostly, females talk about free time and entertainment and relation with others. Meanwhile, males talk about education and future career. Both females and males produce the opening expressions in the forms of sentences or more than one word and say them in interrogative forms and simple sentences.

Keyword : linguistics, study, teaching, english, language, discourse analysis, social, female, male, student, english department, petra christian university

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1852/

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