Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

A Study of politeness strategies used by Rachel to her best friends in friends tv series

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Author : , LINDARIANI

This study is about politeness strategies, which are used to avoid or minimize the threat on the interlocutor’s face. The importance of politeness strategies in daily conversation has motivated the writer to conduct this study. In her study, she intends to find out the strategies used by Rachel to Ross and Monica and what are the effects toward Ross and Monica. The writer analyzes why Rachel uses the strategies and whether the strategies are appropriately used or not. The writer chooses Friends TV Series because it provides examples of politeness strategies. The type of politeness strategies can be bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness, or off record as suggested by Brown and Levinson. The writer uses the Face and Face Threatening Acts theory based on Brown and Levinson and the social factors theory based on Holmes. The writer uses descriptive approach in analyzing the written text. After doing the analysis, the writer finds that Rachel applies all of the politeness strategies because Rachel not only wants to share common ground and show solidarity, but also wants to give respects and care and also wants to indicate the social distance between them. The effects toward Ross and Monica are they do not feel insulted and the communication can go on so that they can maintain their relationship. The strategies are being appropriately used because Ross and Monica understand and able to accept what Rachel means and the strategies are being inappropriately used when they do not understand and unable to accept what Rachel means.

Keyword : politeness strategies, rachel, friends tv series

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2058/

Politeness strategies on refusal to invitation expressed by the male and female students of Petra Christian University

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Author : WIJAYA, YENLIANA

Refusal to invitation is considered as one of Face-Threatening Acts (FTA), especially to the positive face-want of the addressee. Thus, there are some strategies, related to politeness strategies, needed in order to lower the threat as well as to have a smooth interaction. The writer is interested in analyzing the politeness strategies expressed by students of Petra Christian University when they refuse invitations made by different sex of interlocutors. This research was qualitative research. It also contained a very small portion of quantitative research. The writer got the data by interviewing the participants. In her analysis, the writer classified the refusal responses into the refusal strategies proposed by Garcia (1992), and categorized them based on the sex of the subjects. Then, she tabulated the number of refusal strategies to find out the most frequently used strategies of refusal. Next, the writer classified the most frequently used strategies of refusal into the politeness strategies proposed by Brown and Levinson (1978) and classified in Scollon and Scollon?s scheme (1993), which also used by Garcia (1992) in her research, that made the writer to see the politeness strategies expressed by the respondents in refusing invitation. Thereafter, she made comparison between males and females. Finally, the writer found that both subjects, male and female, expressed deference politeness strategies, which include negative politeness, more than solidarity politeness strategies, which was suggested in refusing invitation since they include positive politeness. However, the number of deference politeness strategies expressed by females was greater than the one expressed by the males.

Keyword : politeness strategies, refusal to invitation, males and females

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2151/

The Politeness strategies used by Lizzie Mcguire in “Lizzie Mcguire”

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Author : NOVIANTI, WINDY

This is a Discourse Analysis on politeness strategies used by Lizzie McGuire in “Lizzie McGuire”. Understanding politeness is very important in building a good relationship with other people in daily conversation (Brown and Levinson, 1987) and in showing awareness of another person?s public self-image (Yule, 1996). This encourages the writer to investigate about politeness strategies. In her study, the writer tries to find out the utterances which contain politeness strategies that Lizzie used toward the older people and people of the same age as her. In analyzing the data, the writer uses Brown and Levinson?s politeness strategies that are Bald on Record, Positive Politeness and Negative Politeness and Off Record. The approach used is qualitative approach. The source of the data of this study is the utterances which include the politeness strategies between Lizzie with the older people and people of the same age as her in which politeness strategy occurred. The writer finds out that in Lizzie?s conversation with the older people and people of the same age with her, Lizzie uses positive politeness as her most frequently used type of politeness strategy. It shows that Lizzie appreciates and wants to build a good relationship with the people she talks to.

Keyword : politeness strategies, face threatening act

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4962/

Politeness strategies used by Joe and Kathleen in you’ve got mail

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Author : WONGSO, ILENA

This study is about Politeness Strategies that are used by Joe and Kathleen in “You?ve Got Mail” film. As Politeness Strategies have important roles in social interaction or daily conversation, thus, it encourages the writer to conduct a study in this major. In her study, the writer tries to find out the Politeness Strategies used by Joe and Kathleen in the film when they are conversing to each other and the Politeness Strategies that are mostly often used by them. In doing the data analysis, she uses the theory of Politeness Strategies as suggested by Brown and Levinson that are Bald On Record, Positive Politeness, Negative Politeness and Off Record. The approach used in this study is qualitative-descriptive approach. The source of the data of this study is conversation between Joe and Kathleen that is taken from the script in the film that found in the Internet. The writer found Kathleen and Joe use all of Politeness Strategies as suggested by Brown and Levinson. In addition, Positive Politeness is the strategy that is more frequently used by both of them but with different proportion. In this case, Joe uses more Positive Politeness to Kathleen than Kathleen to Joe. It shows he is the one that tries harder to get Kathleen?s attention. Next, Negative Politeness is the second most frequently used strategy by Joe and Kathleen. It means that each of them respect the distance between them. Moreover, Off Record and Bald On Record got the third and the least strategy. It happens because their relationship is never really too close, so they reluctant to impinge their interlocutor?s face.

Keyword : politeness strategies, positive politeness, negative politeness, bald on record, off record, face

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/5055/

The Politeness strategies produced by Gaylord Focker and Jack Byrnes in meet the parents and the factors of each usage

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Author : IRAWAN, DICKY

Politeness Strategies is a theory that was proposed by Brown and Levinson after their research in India. The writer is interested in this theory because by knowing and understanding this theory, it can help the writer to build relationship with others in his daily lives and also it can avoid misunderstanding. In his research, the writer examined the politeness strategies that are used by the two main characters in a film “Meet the Parents”, they are Gaylord Fokker (Greg) as the future son in law and Jack Byrnes as Pam?s father and also Greg?s father to be. Furthermore, the writer also wants to identify and explain the factors in using certain politeness strategies. In his research, the writer attempts to find whether people with opposite roles, here are Greg and Jack, still show politeness to each other. In the film, it seems that they do not like each other, but they still show politeness and interestingly, the result of this study shows that both characters, Greg and Jack, apply positive politeness the most. Positive politeness is a strategy to enhance hearer?s face in order to minimize the distance between them. It appears they are showing politeness because they have the same purpose, which is to make Pam happy. Finally, the writer draws a conclusion that there are two important factors that can influence the interlocutors in using politeness strategies, they are social status and social distance between them.

Keyword : discourse analysis, politeness strategies, face, ftas

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/5142/

A Discourse analysis study of politeness strategies used by Captain Nathan Algren and Mori Katsumoto in “The Last Samurai”

Author : EVA, MARIA

Politeness is crucial in interpersonal and intercultural communication because different culture may speak different features of politeness. Considering the importance of politeness strategies in a conversation and how to use those strategies, the writer wanted to find out what types of politeness strategies produced by two characters that have different cultural background and see either the similarities or the differences. In this case, the writer preferred to analyze the utterances expressed by the two main male characters, Captain Nathan Algren and Mori Katsumoto in the film “The Last Samurai”. The data were analyzed and classified based on the theories of politeness strategies proposed by Scollon and Scollon (2001). Based on the result of the analysis the writer found out that Algren uses more Involvement politeness strategies, while Katsumoto uses more the Independence one. On one side, Algren tends to apply Involvement politeness strategies, which are solidarity oriented to satisfy Katsumoto?s positive face, since he was influenced by American politeness. From the ten features of Involvement politeness strategies, Algren applies nine features, but the frequently used features are claim common point of view, opinions, attitudes, knowledge and empathy; notice or attend to the hearer; and be optimistic. On the other hand, Katsumoto tends to use Independence politeness strategies, which are formality oriented to satisfy Algren?s negative face that is his intentions to be free from being imposed, since he was influenced by Japanese politeness. From the ten features of Independence politeness strategies, Katsumoto applies seven features and the frequently used features are state a general rule, be pessimistic, and make minimal assumptions about hearer’s wants. From the findings, it can be concluded that both characters, Algren and Katsumoto, used all of the politeness strategies, which were Involvement politeness strategies and Independence politeness strategies. Algren tended to use Involvement politeness strategies since he was influenced by American politeness. Algren gave less concern about the social status and power relationship between him and Katsumoto. Whereas Katsumoto tended to use Independence politeness strategies since he was influenced by Japanese politeness, Katsumoto still concern about social status and power relationship.

Keyword : politeness, politeness strategies, involvement politeness strategies, independence politeness strategies, positive face, negative face

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/755/

A Study on politeness strategies used by the interviewers in a foreign exchange company

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Author : KODYAT, HERMANTO

The use of politeness strategies is one of the speaking styles which are usually used by people in order to make the communication process between speaker and hearer go smoothly. According to Brown and Levinson the politeness strategies themselves are divided into two, i.e. the positive politeness and negative politeness. The Writer conducted this study in order to find out what politeness strategies are used by the interviewers, what positive politeness strategies are mostly used by interviewers and what negative politeness strategies are mostly used by interviewers. In this research, the writer uses descriptive approach . In conducting the research, the writer uses the recorded material containing the process of interview. The interview was taken from PT Money Mall, a kind of International standard company dealing with the foreign currency in looking for clients to invest money. There are four interviews. The interviewers as Marketing Managers and the interviewees as the job applicants. The data consist of the interviewers? utterances, which are underlined and numbered The writer uses Brown and Levinson?s criteria about the positive and negative politeness. There are fifteen strategies of positive politeness and ten strategies of negative politeness. After four interviews had been analyzed, they are. combined into one table containing the number of strategies from the whole interview, together with the table explanations and table of percentage of the politeness strategy as the findings. The finding also discusses the tendency or the reasons why the interviewer used certain expressions showing the certain strategies. Finally, the writer tries to interpret what the writer has found by using the theories connected with the politeness strategies itself and he related with P,D, R rating concerned with the positive and negative politeness. In conclusion, the writer concludes that the interviewers use more positive politeness than negative politeness.

Keyword : politeness strategies, sociolinguistics, linguistic, discourse analysis

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1517/

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