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A Study on the main character’s schizophrenia in Dostoyevsky’s The Double

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Human psyche, according to Freud, is compared to an iceberg. It means that only the smallest portion of human mind that can be seen on the surface. Inside human psyche, it is indeed hiding a thousand of unsolved mysteries. This can be seen in this short novel of Dostoyevsky, The Double, which uncovered those secret sides of human being. This short work conveys a character with a psychological disorder. This character which is known as Mr. Goldyadkin seems to be divided into two. He sees himself in double light. The other ‘ iddyadkin owns a perfect resemblance but different in personality. Fortunate./, the appearance of the other is not factual but appears only in Mr. Goldyadkin’s disintegrated mind. Thus, I assume this problem as schizophrenia. Inspired by his problematic condition, I am interested in analyzing the symptoms of schizophrenia that appears in Mr. Goldyadkin as well as the trigger of his mental disorder. To meet my aim, I use psychological approach with the help of schizophrenia concept and theory of defense mechanism in order to analyze Mr. Goldyadkin’s behaviour and speech to prove the symptoms and the causes of schizophrenia. In Mr. Goldyadkin’s behaviour, delusion and hallucination can be considered to be the symptoms which commonly appear in paranoid schizophrenia. Along with his delusion and hallucination behaviour, Mr. Goldyadkin also oftentimes finds communication problem in his conversation. In addition, the trigger or Mr. Goldyadkin’s schizophrenia stems from Mr. Goldyadkin’s inferiority feeling and society’s rejection toward him. Ir order to cope with this uncomfortable condition, Mr. Goldyadkin applies p r ojection and fantasy as his defense mechanism. However, these mechanisms di not help him to get away from those feeling. On the contrary, these mechanisms tl.rn him into a schizophrenic.

Keyword : schizophrenia, defense mechanism, projection, fantasy,

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3204/

A Study on Heathcliff’s anxiety and his defense mechanisms as seen in Emily Bronte’s wuthering heights


In this thesis, I discuss the novel Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. I choose the work of Emily Bronte for several reasons. Firstly, I choose her because she has a good reputation as a fine author. Secondly, I choose her because she has a unique background that increases my curiosity to make an analysis on her work. Then, my interest in discussing psychological problems encourage me to make an analysis on her novel Wuthering Heights, which has a problematic psychological story. This study deals with the main character?s anxiety, and I am curious to know about the causes of the main character?s anxiety and his defense mechanism as the ways to protect his ego from the unpleasant memory. In the analysis, I use Sigmund Freud?s theory of anxiety and defense mechanism. I also use library research and data collection from the Internet. Then, I use the data collection, combined with Freud?s theory about anxiety for the analysis of the problem. Finally, I find that the main character, Heathcliff, suffers from anxiety because of the painful emotional experience of being rejected by his surroundings. Furthermore, this unpleasant memory leads Heathcliff?s to fear of rejection. When Heathcliff accepts rejection from other people, his ego will undergo from the pressure of the external world and experience fear of rejection. However, Heathcliff will automatically do defense mechanism to satisfy his ego and overcome the fear of rejection.

Keyword : anxiety, fear of rejection, wuthering heights, defense mechanism, ego, compensation, fixation, projection, reaction formation, displacement

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4324/

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