Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

Phonological processes of the first language acquisition done by a two-year-old Indonesian child

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : PUSPASARI, YOANNITA

This research is a case study on child?s language acquisition. The main focus of this study is on the analysis of phonological process of the words produced by a two-year-old Indonesian child. Realizing that there are a number of different theories of child?s language acquisition, it is interesting to know how the theory of phonological process proposed by David Ingram in general helps the Indonesian child to understand the language; and which phonological process mostly occur in his speech. This thesis presents further evidence and example of phonological process which involves substitution, assimilation, and syllable structure process. The data of an Indonesian child aged two years old is analyzed based on each process. The result of the research indicates that what described in Ingram?s phonological process theory also occurs in the subject?s speech such as substitution, assimilation and syllable structure process; and some of them are quite favored by the subject, as in stopping, fronting, substitution of retroflex, substitution of alveolar, deletion of unstressed syllable and reduplication. However, some of the phonological processes are absent in the subject?s speech such as gliding, vowel neutralization, vocalization, voicing, and labial assimilation. As the conclusion is drawn, the result of the study from the phonological process the subject is going through has proven that the subject already acquired most of the consonants and all the vowels in his first language. Phonological process by David Ingram has universal significance in some processes, which are extremely common across all languages and all children. The subject shows no uniqueness in acquiring his language. In fact, he follows the general phonological process as the other children do.

Keyword : psycholinguistics, language, acquisition, linguistics, child, phonological

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1378/

A study of language functions used by a teacher teaching an autistic child

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , , , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : DEWI, RATNA

This study tries to find out the most common types of the linguistic functions in the utterances of a teacher teaching an autistic child and also the reasons behind their common use. The source of the data of this study is the spontaneous utterances produced by a teacher while teaching an autistic child in the classroom situation. The writer uses the quantitative and qualitative approaches in doing this study. The subject of this study is a teacher named Topik. He has been teaching in ‘Cakra’ Autisme Terapi, which is located at Sri Ikana no.56, for almost three years. In analyzing the data, the basic theory, which the writer used, were Van Ek and Alexander?s theory of language functions As an analysis of language functions in the utterances of a teacher in one of autistic schools in Surabaya, this thesis is chiefly concerned with forms in Bahasa Indonesia forms. From the analysis it has been found that there are single function and double function that occur in the teaching process. Single function is characterized by one purpose only. Every utterance that is produced by the teacher has only one function. Double function is characterized by two purposes. While the teacher teaches the student, he does not only have main purpose but also intended purpose.

Keyword : autistic, children, language, acquisition, psycholinguistics, teacher, cakra terapi, surabaya

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2536/

Pragmatic acquisition of a four and half-year-old Indonesian child: a case study on Tessa

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , — dvanhlast @ 7:31 am

Author : ERLY, RIMA

It is so fascinating that as a baby grows older and his brain develops, his ability to communicate through language grows fast. At the first time, when a baby interacts with his parents and other adults, the communication is only monolog. After several months, a baby will produce meaningful sounds. Since human is a social creature, from the very early of his life, he needs other people. Therefore, as a child is actively acquiring a language, he needs interaction with other language users in order to bring the language faculty into operation with a particular language. This interaction partly enables the child to grasp the basic outlines of the language system of his/her culture by the time he/she begins to speak. Consequently, the child should acquire pragmatic competence. Therefore, the main theory of this study is the theory of pragmatics. The writer also uses some supporting theories, language acquisition theory, pragmatics determinant, and a study done by Soenjono (2000). In collecting the data the writer uses tape recorder and takes notes. The writer uses qualitative approach, therefore, the main instrument is the writer herself. She is also involved in the dialog with the child, and each dialog is taken in the natural setting. In this study, the writer finds that a four-year-old child has developed greatly in her pragmatic competence. She has been able to produce deixis although she still needs much more improvement. Besides, in her utterance, the writer finds that this child has also applied implicature and presupposition. In creating speech acts, it seems that the child mostly produces directives and representatives. Furthermore, the writer finds that the child has also developed politeness concept in her language even though she sometimes violates the rules. Thus, the writer concludes that the child has acquired pragmatics competence but she still needs much improvement from her environment.

Keyword : indonesian child, language acquisition, psycholinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3327/

Blog at WordPress.com.