Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

A Study on Heathcliff’s anxiety and his defense mechanisms as seen in Emily Bronte’s wuthering heights

Author : SANTOSO, AGUS

In this thesis, I discuss the novel Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. I choose the work of Emily Bronte for several reasons. Firstly, I choose her because she has a good reputation as a fine author. Secondly, I choose her because she has a unique background that increases my curiosity to make an analysis on her work. Then, my interest in discussing psychological problems encourage me to make an analysis on her novel Wuthering Heights, which has a problematic psychological story. This study deals with the main character?s anxiety, and I am curious to know about the causes of the main character?s anxiety and his defense mechanism as the ways to protect his ego from the unpleasant memory. In the analysis, I use Sigmund Freud?s theory of anxiety and defense mechanism. I also use library research and data collection from the Internet. Then, I use the data collection, combined with Freud?s theory about anxiety for the analysis of the problem. Finally, I find that the main character, Heathcliff, suffers from anxiety because of the painful emotional experience of being rejected by his surroundings. Furthermore, this unpleasant memory leads Heathcliff?s to fear of rejection. When Heathcliff accepts rejection from other people, his ego will undergo from the pressure of the external world and experience fear of rejection. However, Heathcliff will automatically do defense mechanism to satisfy his ego and overcome the fear of rejection.

Keyword : anxiety, fear of rejection, wuthering heights, defense mechanism, ego, compensation, fixation, projection, reaction formation, displacement

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4324/

Study on the main characters’ unfulfilled needs and their defense mechanism as seen in Dostoyevsky’s crime and punishment

Author : , YULIANA

The main discussion of this thesis attempts to focus the characters? unfulfilled needs and their defense mechanism as their way to satisfy unfulfilled needs. I choose the main characters? unfulfilled needs and their defense mechanism because in Crime and Punishment; Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov are characters that suffer very much since they cannot fulfill their needs; as a result, their unfulfilled needs influence their attitudes. Their inability to fulfill their needs transpires because they fail to accept the reality. That is why, they use defense mechanism to satisfy their unfulfilled needs. In this study, I aim to analyze their unfulfilled needs, and their defense mechanism with the help of psychological approach. I will pick up psychoanalytic theory namely defense mechanism to support my analysis. I will also add theory of need to understand the main characters? unfulfilled needs. In the analysis, I find that Raskolnikov has not fulfilled belongingness and love need. He also has not fulfilled self-esteem need. In order to fulfill those needs, he uses defense mechanism such as rationalization, fantasy and dissociation. Another character namely Svidrigailov has not fulfilled belongingness and love need. Furthermore, I also find out that he also has not fulfilled self-actualization need. In order to fulfill those needs, Svidrigailov uses defense mechanism such as reaction formation and fantasy. So, when someone has unfulfilled needs, she can uses defense mechanism in order to satisfy her needs. Therefore, I hope that this analysis will help me and others to understand the main characters? unfulfilled needs and their defense mechanism

Keyword : belongingness and love need, self esteem need, self actualization need, rationalization, reaction formation, fantasy, dissociation

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/5011/

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.