Author : ENDRA, YANTY
This study investigates the speech styles used in”Selamat Datang Pagi” dialog program on “RCTI”. The writer is interested to investigate the speech styles because speech style is important to use to communicate with other people. The writer applied Martin Joos? theory (1976) of speech styles, which are divided into five categories: frozen style, formal style, consultative style, casual style and intimate style as her main theory supported by Nababan (1991), Holmes (1995), Abdul Chaer and Leony Agustina (1986), Kridalaksana (1984), and Tata Bahasa Baku Indonesia (1992). In analysing the data, firstly, the writer recorded the speakers? utterances to be transcribed. Secondly, she identified the utterances used by male and female host based on the classification of speech styles whether frozen, formal, consultative, casual or intimate style. Based on the characteristics given by speech styles, the analysis where presented using tables, including the frequency of the occurrence of each speech styles. Through the analysis, the writer found that there are four speech styles produce by male and female host; they are formal, consultative, casual and intimate style. Casual style occurs mostly, followed by consultative, formal and the last intimate style. The findings of this research shows that casual style is the most frequently uses in “Selamat Datang Pagi” dialog program, which has family atmosphere. Using casual style can make male and female host more comfortable to communicate, and using this style can support male and female host?s situation become enjoyable so they can easily tell their opinion to the guests.
Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, speech
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2039/
Author : TISILA, ARDILES
The real functions of the swear words are to insult, to mock, and to curse someone or something with obscene words (Partridge, 1984). Generally, any kinds of swear words are forbidden to appear in any conversations in both formal and informal situations. However, youngsters nowadays often use many swear words in their conversations with their friends especially when they have jokes or call their friends? names. These kinds of conversations often occur among the male students of Petra Christian University especially in the boarding house. In this case, the writer is curious to identify Javanese swear words that are spoken by the male students of Petra Christian University as well as their purposes. The writer used descriptive-qualitative approach in order to get the data in the boarding house through note-taking. He also used himself as the instrument and the observer to collect the data in their conversations in the boarding house. In the analysis, after having collected the data, he tabulated the findings and then discussed them. The result of this study indicates that nowadays swear words in the conversations among the youngsters have become more usual nowadays in their social life, especially for male students of Petra Christian University.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, swear word, verbal obscenity, javanese language, slang
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2153/
Author : AGUSTINE, CECILIA
Lakoff (1975) says that women use language which reinforces their subordinate status: They are colluding in their subordination by the way they speak. Therefore, Lakoff proceeds to draw up a list of features which supposedly represent typical female discourse, as distinct from male talk. Based on her opinion, those speech features express uncertainty and lack of confidence. This study is held to verify the use of women?s speech features by female VJs of MTV Indonesia. The reason of choosing MTV Indonesia?s female VJs is because they are totally different from the eastern women in general, and the differences seem to be very interesting to be noted.This study of women?s language is elaborated into the dominant and the least features used. In this study, the writer notes and takes records the conversations between two female VJs of Mtv Indonesia while they are presenting the programs. From this observation, by separating each utterance, the writer is able to identify the kinds of speech feature, the most common features and the least feature used by female VJs of MTV Indonesia. From the findings, the writer found that both VJ Nirina and VJ Denise adopted women?s speech features. The most common feature used by VJ Nirina and VJ Denise is lexical hedges or fillers. The least features used by VJ Denise are tag question, “superpolite” form and avoidance of strong swear words. The least feature used by VJ Nirina was “empty” adjectives. From the findings, the writer can conclude that both of them might have tendency to be lack of self-confidence. The findings show that Robin Lakoff as the pioneer in the finding of women?s speech features theory in 1975, still can be considered as appropriate used until now on. It shows that Robib Lakoff is a smart and diligent person.
Keyword : women?s speech feature, mtv indonesia, vjs, sociolinguistics
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2159/
Author : MARIA, HERWINDA
This study is a sociolinguistic study about request made by Chinese Indonesian females to both their younger and older servants. The writer is interested in investigating request since request can be used differently by her surrounding. The writer wants to know the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers to their younger and older servants. Then, the writer also wants to know the factors that influence the use of the type of requests, whether it could be the power distance or the age of the addressee. The writer predicted that there are some differences in making requests to the younger and older servants. Here, the writer used Ervinn-Tripp?s theory of request to classify the type of request. The writer also uses structured interview as the way in getting the data. To find the most frequently used type of request used by Chinese Indonesia female employers, the writer used quantitative approach, whereas to interpret the data, the writer used structured and unstructured interview. The writer found that there are no differences in the frequency of the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers both to younger and older servants. The result of this research showed that most of Chinese Indonesian females used bald imperatives as their type of request, both to their younger and older servants. However, Chinese Indonesia female employers used bald imperatives with the use of word tolong, sorry, hedges and use of address term to show their respect and another social factors that could not be analyzed. Thus, the result might prove that the power distance has influenced more to the type of request than the age of the addressee.
Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, chinese, indonesian female, employers
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2063/
Author : GOZZALI, ELLY
This is a study of refusal strategies that are used by grown-up Chinese Indonesian sons and daughters toward their parents? requests in Surabaya. The writer wants to seek whether there is any significance difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies toward their mother?s and father? requests in every situation. In conducting the research, the writer used Discourse Completion Test (DCT), the most appropriate elicitation technique that enables to obtain more stereotyped responses in a large sample, which is in the form of questionnaire. The questionnaires consisted of five requests from father and five requests from mother in given situations. The requests were arranged from the easiest task to the most difficult task to be accomplished. The writer used five Kartomihardjo?s models of refusal styles, namely by using the word “no”, giving reason, conditional, suggestion, and non-verbal (keep silent) as the main theory and put them in the questionnaire as the choices to respond the requests. The writer also provided a blank space in each request. In order to make the data become more accurate, easy to be interpreted and to test whether there is any significant difference between the sons? and daughters? refusal strategies, the writer used statistics. The findings show that both sons and daughters tend to use strategy no.2 (giving reason) and strategy no.3 (conditional) towards father and strategy no.3 (conditional) toward mother. However, based on the statistics result there is no significant difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies both toward mother?s and father?s requests. Besides the refusal, the writer also finds the side results, which are gained from the answers out of Kartomihardjo?s five refusal strategies in the blank spaces provided in each request. Mostly sons and daughters accept the easiest requests both from mother and father. The significant difference is found in accepting the mother?s request no.3 and father?s request no.3. These significant differences of acceptance by sons and daughters may be influenced by the situation of the request, which affects them to accept it. At last, it can be concluded that both sons and daughters have no significant difference in using refusal strategies. The sons and daughters are more situational oriented in responding the requests.
Keyword : refusal, request, statistics, questionnaire, sociolinguistics
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2189/
Author : PANCADARMA, YEANY
This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV program on ANTV. Through this study, the writer wants to find out what types of the compliment responses that are used on the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV show. Since the partcipants consist of males and females who use different responses, the writer also wants to find out what types of response are preferred by male and female artists in responding the compliments. Then, by comparing their responses, the writer wants to find out whether there are any differences or similarities between male and female artist in responding to the compliments given on that program. The data which have been collected are analyzed based on Herbert?s theory on the types of compliment responses and then the results are shown on a table. At the end of the analysis, a summary table containing the overall findings of this research is used. As a conclusion, the writer finds that male and female are different in responding to the compliments. The types of compliment response that is mostly used by male artists on ‘Campur-Campur’ program is Comment Acceptance while female artists use question type mostly. Finally, as what Holmes has said that gender differences become the main point in the differences in using the language, the writer concludes that gender was also said to be the important factor that influences someone in responding to the compliment responses.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, campur-campur, gender, tv
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3073/
Author : , CHRISTINA
This thesis is a study of conversational code switching in Ni Hao Ma program of Suzana FM in Surabaya. The program uses Mandarin and Indonesian as the base languages and other codes such as Javanese, English and Malaysian as complement. Such characteristics make the program more interesting to follow. Therefore, this study is an attempt at making a description of the functional types and switched elements of conversational code switching as used in Ni Hao Ma program by analyzing the languages used by the speakers in the dialogues. The writer uses the theory on conversational code switching by Gumperz (1982) as the main theory. From the findings and analysis, the writer finds that there are six functional types of conversational code switching, i.e. quotation, addressee specification, interjection, reiteration, message qualification, personalization vs objectivization. Moreover, there are three levels of switched elements namely word, phrase and sentence. The result shows that conversational code switching having the functional type of interjection is more dominant than the other functions because these functions mostly appear in spontaneous ways. Next, the switched element on the level of word is the highest occurrences. It mostly happens in conversational code switching in the types of interjection. Finally, the conversational code switching can give a fresh nuance to the hearers. Therefore, the program of Ni Hao Ma could be very gratifying because the participants may switch the codes whenever they want.
Keyword : communication, sociolinguistics, suzana fm, code switching
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2093/