Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah


A speech act analysis of the dialogues in the javanese short story “ambyuke nyonyah besar”

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This study is basically an analysis of the dialogues between Yatun and her father, the two main characters of “Ambyuke Nyonyah Besar”, a short story written in Surabaya Javanese dialect by Suparto Brata. In this study, the writer looked for the associative lexical items of the utterances and finds both their cognitive and associative meaning in order to reveal the propositional content and the illocutionary force of the speech act utterances. This study is a qualitative research; therefore, the main instrument is the writer herself. The source of data was taken from the dialogues between the main characters in Suparto Brata?s short story `Ambyuke Nyonyah Besar”, one of the short-stories in his book “TREM Antologi Crita Cekak”, a compilation of twenty short-stories which were all written in Javanese. For her analysis, first she organized the utterances between Yatun and her father by giving numbers. Then, she grouped them based on their topics. Next, she proceeded to identifying the propositional content of the utterance in which she looked for both cognitive and associative meaning of the associative lexical items found in the utterances. Having analyzed all the data, she found out twenty-two speech act utterances with various associative lexical items used by the characters in speaking to each other. Those associative lexical items had both cognitive and associative meanings. The propositional content of the utterances were based on both types of meaning above. However, the illocutionary forces of the utterances were derived from the propositional content of the associative meaning of the associative lexical items as the writer of this study believes that it reveals the intended meaning of the speaker. Finally, the writer of this study concluded that in order to understand Javanese, both speaker and interlocutor should understand the two types of meanings revealed in the associative lexical items, which were the cognitive and the associative meanings of the associative lexical items. By analyzing of the associative lexical items, it was possible to determine the illocutionary force of the utterance. In this way, what the speaker intended to say was eventually revealed.

Keyword : antrophological, linguistics, java, sociolinguistics, language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2147/


The Refusal strategies to a date invitation used by female Chinese students and female Javanese students in Surabaya

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This study aims to identify the differences and the similarities of the refusal strategies used by thirty Javanese and thirty Chinese female university students in refusing a date invitation by comparing the occurrence of each strategy. The data were gathered from three universities in Surabaya, Airlangga, Surabaya, and Petra. There were three main theories that are used in this study: The Refusal Strategies by Carmen Garcia (1992), Head Acts and Supportive Moves by Blum-Kulka (1989), and Politeness Strategies by Scollon and Scollon (1983). The writer found that the female Chinese students preferred using Direct Refusal and Mitigated Refusal as the Head Acts, while female Javanese students preferred using Direct Refusal, Expression of Regret or Sorrow, and Mitigated Refusal as the Head Acts. The writer also found that most of the respondents preferred using Giving Reason or Explanation, and Expression of Regret or Sorrow as the Supportive Moves. These facts may imply that the Javanese students tend to avoid saying ?no? by using Deference Politeness, while the Chinese students tend to be straightforward by using Solidarity Politeness in refusing a date invitation. The last but not the least, the writer found that the female students frequently used Expression of Regret or Sorrow, Direct Refusal/ Mitigated Refusal, Giving Reason as the pattern in refusing a date invitation.

Keyword : refusal, date invitation, sociolinguistics, female university students

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2877/

The speech styles used in “Selamat Datang Pagi” dialog program on “RCTI”

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This study investigates the speech styles used in”Selamat Datang Pagi” dialog program on “RCTI”. The writer is interested to investigate the speech styles because speech style is important to use to communicate with other people. The writer applied Martin Joos? theory (1976) of speech styles, which are divided into five categories: frozen style, formal style, consultative style, casual style and intimate style as her main theory supported by Nababan (1991), Holmes (1995), Abdul Chaer and Leony Agustina (1986), Kridalaksana (1984), and Tata Bahasa Baku Indonesia (1992). In analysing the data, firstly, the writer recorded the speakers? utterances to be transcribed. Secondly, she identified the utterances used by male and female host based on the classification of speech styles whether frozen, formal, consultative, casual or intimate style. Based on the characteristics given by speech styles, the analysis where presented using tables, including the frequency of the occurrence of each speech styles. Through the analysis, the writer found that there are four speech styles produce by male and female host; they are formal, consultative, casual and intimate style. Casual style occurs mostly, followed by consultative, formal and the last intimate style. The findings of this research shows that casual style is the most frequently uses in “Selamat Datang Pagi” dialog program, which has family atmosphere. Using casual style can make male and female host more comfortable to communicate, and using this style can support male and female host?s situation become enjoyable so they can easily tell their opinion to the guests.

Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, speech

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2039/

Javanese swear words in the conversations of Petra Christian University male students in the boarding house

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The real functions of the swear words are to insult, to mock, and to curse someone or something with obscene words (Partridge, 1984). Generally, any kinds of swear words are forbidden to appear in any conversations in both formal and informal situations. However, youngsters nowadays often use many swear words in their conversations with their friends especially when they have jokes or call their friends? names. These kinds of conversations often occur among the male students of Petra Christian University especially in the boarding house. In this case, the writer is curious to identify Javanese swear words that are spoken by the male students of Petra Christian University as well as their purposes. The writer used descriptive-qualitative approach in order to get the data in the boarding house through note-taking. He also used himself as the instrument and the observer to collect the data in their conversations in the boarding house. In the analysis, after having collected the data, he tabulated the findings and then discussed them. The result of this study indicates that nowadays swear words in the conversations among the youngsters have become more usual nowadays in their social life, especially for male students of Petra Christian University.

Keyword : sociolinguistics, swear word, verbal obscenity, javanese language, slang

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2153/

Lennie’s and George’s nonstandard use of English as seen in John Steinbeck’s “of mice and men”

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This study deals with Lennie’s and George’s Nonstandard grammatical features differences in John Ernst Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men (1937). Armand Schwerner in his notes of Of Mice and Men stated that Lennie and George are different in manner and mind. Lennie is illustrated as a retarded person, and in contrast, George is depicted as having an active mind. Apart from their different manner and mind, they share the same language of nonstandard English. Based on this fact, in this thesis, the writer focuses on Lennie’s and George’s nonstandard grammatical features, in this case, to find out in what way their nonstandard grammatical features differ. In order to identify the data, the writer needs some theories relating to the study itself. Regarding this matter, the writer employs Guth’s nonstandard features as her main theory, and puts Trudgill’s, Labov’s, Pride’s, Holmes’s, and Nelson’s as the supporting theories. The data collected are linguistic data, in this matter nonstandard grammatical features. The analysis itself is split into three major points as follows; Lennie’s nonstandard grammatical features, George’s nonstandard grammatical features, and their differences. By analyzing the data the writer tries to infer the interpretation as the conclusion of the study. The writer may conclude that Lennie is indeed identified using less nonstandard grammatical features than George both in frequencies and types, however, they do not show any significant diffrences. In essence, Lennie uses six types of nonstandard grammatical features such as double negatives, ain’t, verb forms, pronoun forms, reversal of subject and verb I, and connectives. On the other hand, George employs seven types of features as follows: verb forms, double negatives, ain’t, pronoun forms, duplicated subject, and existential they, and connectives.

Keyword : english, language, social, aspect, linguistics, sociolinguistics, mice, men

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2997/

A Sociolinguistic study of compliment responses strategies used by female basketball players in basketball club in Surabaya

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This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about compliment responses strategies used by the female basketball players in my club in Surabaya. The compliment responses I discussed are in daily conversation of Bahasa Indonesia. To find the strategies of my respondents using those ways, and to find the influence of culture and custom in using the compliment responses, I take three respondents in my research. My respondents are my friends in the basketball team; they are Marry, Ann, and Katty, who have different characteristics. I use a qualitative research to do my study, in order to observe the topic deeply, not just observing the surface data. Although my observation is in Bahasa Indonesia, I use Herbert?s theory as the main theory on the types of compliment responses strategies. In the findings, I can show that my respondents, who are female, tend to use `no acknowledgement? strategies in responding to the compliment on ability, and they have their own reason to do that. While in responding to the compliment on appearance, they tend to use `praise upgrade? strategies, as their special characteristics of the basketball players who live in a `mess?. Culture, society, and mood may have influenced people in using the types of compliment responses. Besides, there are social factors (external factors) and conditions such as relationship, status, and even internal factors such as mood, age, which influence them in responding to the compliment. It depends on the purpose and the intention of the speaker in using the compliment responses strategies.

Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, social aspect

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2044/

A Sociolinguistic study of women’s speech features used by the female VJs of MTV Indonesia

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Lakoff (1975) says that women use language which reinforces their subordinate status: They are colluding in their subordination by the way they speak. Therefore, Lakoff proceeds to draw up a list of features which supposedly represent typical female discourse, as distinct from male talk. Based on her opinion, those speech features express uncertainty and lack of confidence. This study is held to verify the use of women?s speech features by female VJs of MTV Indonesia. The reason of choosing MTV Indonesia?s female VJs is because they are totally different from the eastern women in general, and the differences seem to be very interesting to be noted.This study of women?s language is elaborated into the dominant and the least features used. In this study, the writer notes and takes records the conversations between two female VJs of Mtv Indonesia while they are presenting the programs. From this observation, by separating each utterance, the writer is able to identify the kinds of speech feature, the most common features and the least feature used by female VJs of MTV Indonesia. From the findings, the writer found that both VJ Nirina and VJ Denise adopted women?s speech features. The most common feature used by VJ Nirina and VJ Denise is lexical hedges or fillers. The least features used by VJ Denise are tag question, “superpolite” form and avoidance of strong swear words. The least feature used by VJ Nirina was “empty” adjectives. From the findings, the writer can conclude that both of them might have tendency to be lack of self-confidence. The findings show that Robin Lakoff as the pioneer in the finding of women?s speech features theory in 1975, still can be considered as appropriate used until now on. It shows that Robib Lakoff is a smart and diligent person.

Keyword : women?s speech feature, mtv indonesia, vjs, sociolinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2159/

The change of diction in the language spoken by Eliza in Bernard shaw’s pygmalion

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The writer uses George Bernard Shaw?s Pygmalion as the object of her study in this thesis. George Bernard Shaw was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1926 and Pygmalion is one of his most popular plays. In this play, he showed that accent and speech provides a way to social advancement. The writer finds that at the beginning of the play the major character, Eliza Doolittle, often uses non-appropriate words as the diction of her language use. Then, by reforming the choice of words (diction) of Eliza, Professor Higgins, transformed Eliza into a lady and her language especially her choice of words show the change at the end of the play. This fact attracts the attention of the writer to find out what kinds of changes occur in Eliza?s choice of words and to analyze what factors influence the change of her diction. In carrying out her study, she uses Mc Crimmon?s theory of diction as the main theory and Dell Hyme?s Ethnography of Communication as the supporting theory. This study is conducted through content analysis. The data for the analysis covers the diction which is used by Eliza Doolittle in the play. Then the Writer analyzes the diction especially on the appropriateness act by act and compares them later to determine the factors that causes of the changes of diction in the language spoken by Eliza.

Keyword : english, language, social, sociolinguistics, pygmalion, speaking

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3051/

A Study of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers to their younger and older female servants

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This study is a sociolinguistic study about request made by Chinese Indonesian females to both their younger and older servants. The writer is interested in investigating request since request can be used differently by her surrounding. The writer wants to know the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers to their younger and older servants. Then, the writer also wants to know the factors that influence the use of the type of requests, whether it could be the power distance or the age of the addressee. The writer predicted that there are some differences in making requests to the younger and older servants. Here, the writer used Ervinn-Tripp?s theory of request to classify the type of request. The writer also uses structured interview as the way in getting the data. To find the most frequently used type of request used by Chinese Indonesia female employers, the writer used quantitative approach, whereas to interpret the data, the writer used structured and unstructured interview. The writer found that there are no differences in the frequency of the type of request used by Chinese Indonesian female employers both to younger and older servants. The result of this research showed that most of Chinese Indonesian females used bald imperatives as their type of request, both to their younger and older servants. However, Chinese Indonesia female employers used bald imperatives with the use of word tolong, sorry, hedges and use of address term to show their respect and another social factors that could not be analyzed. Thus, the result might prove that the power distance has influenced more to the type of request than the age of the addressee.

Keyword : indonesian language, sociolinguistics, chinese, indonesian female, employers

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2063/

Refusal strategies used by grown-up chinese indonesian sons and daughters toward their parents’ requests in Surabaya

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This is a study of refusal strategies that are used by grown-up Chinese Indonesian sons and daughters toward their parents? requests in Surabaya. The writer wants to seek whether there is any significance difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies toward their mother?s and father? requests in every situation. In conducting the research, the writer used Discourse Completion Test (DCT), the most appropriate elicitation technique that enables to obtain more stereotyped responses in a large sample, which is in the form of questionnaire. The questionnaires consisted of five requests from father and five requests from mother in given situations. The requests were arranged from the easiest task to the most difficult task to be accomplished. The writer used five Kartomihardjo?s models of refusal styles, namely by using the word “no”, giving reason, conditional, suggestion, and non-verbal (keep silent) as the main theory and put them in the questionnaire as the choices to respond the requests. The writer also provided a blank space in each request. In order to make the data become more accurate, easy to be interpreted and to test whether there is any significant difference between the sons? and daughters? refusal strategies, the writer used statistics. The findings show that both sons and daughters tend to use strategy no.2 (giving reason) and strategy no.3 (conditional) towards father and strategy no.3 (conditional) toward mother. However, based on the statistics result there is no significant difference between sons and daughters in using refusal strategies both toward mother?s and father?s requests. Besides the refusal, the writer also finds the side results, which are gained from the answers out of Kartomihardjo?s five refusal strategies in the blank spaces provided in each request. Mostly sons and daughters accept the easiest requests both from mother and father. The significant difference is found in accepting the mother?s request no.3 and father?s request no.3. These significant differences of acceptance by sons and daughters may be influenced by the situation of the request, which affects them to accept it. At last, it can be concluded that both sons and daughters have no significant difference in using refusal strategies. The sons and daughters are more situational oriented in responding the requests.

Keyword : refusal, request, statistics, questionnaire, sociolinguistics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2189/

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