Author : PANCADARMA, YEANY
This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV program on ANTV. Through this study, the writer wants to find out what types of the compliment responses that are used on the ‘Campur-Campur’ TV show. Since the partcipants consist of males and females who use different responses, the writer also wants to find out what types of response are preferred by male and female artists in responding the compliments. Then, by comparing their responses, the writer wants to find out whether there are any differences or similarities between male and female artist in responding to the compliments given on that program. The data which have been collected are analyzed based on Herbert?s theory on the types of compliment responses and then the results are shown on a table. At the end of the analysis, a summary table containing the overall findings of this research is used. As a conclusion, the writer finds that male and female are different in responding to the compliments. The types of compliment response that is mostly used by male artists on ‘Campur-Campur’ program is Comment Acceptance while female artists use question type mostly. Finally, as what Holmes has said that gender differences become the main point in the differences in using the language, the writer concludes that gender was also said to be the important factor that influences someone in responding to the compliment responses.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, campur-campur, gender, tv
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3073/
Author : , CHRISTINA
This thesis is a study of conversational code switching in Ni Hao Ma program of Suzana FM in Surabaya. The program uses Mandarin and Indonesian as the base languages and other codes such as Javanese, English and Malaysian as complement. Such characteristics make the program more interesting to follow. Therefore, this study is an attempt at making a description of the functional types and switched elements of conversational code switching as used in Ni Hao Ma program by analyzing the languages used by the speakers in the dialogues. The writer uses the theory on conversational code switching by Gumperz (1982) as the main theory. From the findings and analysis, the writer finds that there are six functional types of conversational code switching, i.e. quotation, addressee specification, interjection, reiteration, message qualification, personalization vs objectivization. Moreover, there are three levels of switched elements namely word, phrase and sentence. The result shows that conversational code switching having the functional type of interjection is more dominant than the other functions because these functions mostly appear in spontaneous ways. Next, the switched element on the level of word is the highest occurrences. It mostly happens in conversational code switching in the types of interjection. Finally, the conversational code switching can give a fresh nuance to the hearers. Therefore, the program of Ni Hao Ma could be very gratifying because the participants may switch the codes whenever they want.
Keyword : communication, sociolinguistics, suzana fm, code switching
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2093/
Author : HENDRIANI, IRA
Most advertisers create unique advertisements to support the product that is represented by the advertisements. Radio advertisements have been great phenomena among the advertisers and the listeners. As the advertisements are being broadcasted through radio stations, they create interaction towards the listeners. It is either promoting the radio stations or the products by inserting attractive stories inside the advertisements. In order to make good advertisements, the advertisers needs to transmit the information, create interest, and make a desire to buy (Winardi, 1980). In creating advertisement, the advertisers have to think how to make good advertisements that will not make the listeners bored easily. The listeners tend to listen to the advertisements more and more. Hard Rock FM Surabaya creates interesting advertisements to promote its radio station. Concerning that, Stylistics and Pragmatics approaches are used to support and serve this purpose. The devices that are used in those approaches are Paralanguage and Presupposition. Since each advertisement contains a lot of meaning in it, the writer uses those theories in order to analyze the sound pattern that occurred, the writer uses theory, which is used by Trager and Halim (1974) to describe the sound and phonetic pattern. In addition, in order to find the intended meanings of the advertisements in Hard Rock FM Surabaya, Levinson (1983), Yule (1996), and Mey (1994) are used to describe the presuppositions that occurred in the selected advertisements, Furthermore, Qualitative approach is used in this study to describe the linguistic phenomenon in the radio advertisement as it investigates the intended meaning in the selected advertisements from Hard Rock FM Surabaya. However, quantitative approach is also used to describe the result of the respondents? answers through questionnaire.
Keyword : english, language, sociolinguistics, hard rock, surabaya
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3095/
Author : , YENI
This thesis is a sociolinguistic study about the compliment responses that are used in Emma movie. The movie story is based on the novel Emma written by Jane Austen. There are several male and female characters in that story and they use different type of responses. The research problem is that there might be some differences between compliment responses which produced by male and female interlocutors. Through this study, the writer wanted to find out what types of compliment responses which are used in Emma movie. The characters, which consist of male and female, use different types of responses, and the writer makes an attempt to find out what type of compliment responses are used in the movie, and types of responses which are preferred to by male and female characters. The data are analyzed following Herbert?s theory about the types of compliment responses. The writer discovered that male and female characters are different in giving compliment responses. The writer found out that there is no compliment response that is used by male to male interlocutors and male in speaking to female and male interlocutors. In speaking to female, male mostly used comment acceptance, praise up grade, return, and qualification type. Female in speaking to the same gender mostly uses comment acceptance, return, and qualification type. Female in speaking to male prefers to use comment acceptance type. Female in speaking to female and male they use praise up grade and question type. The total of female in speaking to the same gender is higher than male in speaking to the same gender because female speakers are more active than male speakers in the conversation. Males always deal with different gender and never with the same gender while females deal with both genders. The writer concluded that there are no significant differences between male and female in giving compliment responses and there are also many various form in giving compliment responses.
Keyword : compliments, conversation, sociolinguistics, emma
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2119/
Author : WAHYUNI, EVONNE
In this research, the writer was eager to find out the listening comprehension scores in Suroboyoan sub-dialect by some Petra Christian University students from outside Java. The writer focused on three factors that might influence their scores, that was the respondents? length of stay in Surabaya, frequency of use, and attitude to the sub-dialect. The data were taken from forty students. These respondents were categorized based on their length of stay, that was one year or shorter and three years or longer. In order to measure their listening comprehension scores, the writer used a multiple-choice listening comprehension test based on three conversations, which consisted of eighteen questions. Each question was based on three conversations that had been recorded before. The conversations were spoken by the representative of Petra Christian University students who fulfilled certain requirements. The topics were related to the students? daily needs, social interaction, and education. In this research, the writer mainly used the theory of second language acquisition on how to be a successful language learner. It was also supported by sociolinguistics? theory about the attitude to the language. From this research, the writer found out that the respondents who have lived in Surabaya for three years or longer had higher listening comprehension scores than the other respondents. Besides that, the respondents who used the sub-dialect more often had a tendency to get higher scores. Moreover, having a positive attitude to the sub-dialect was an advantage to achieve higher scores. If they thought that the sub-dialect was a polite language, easy to be learnt and important to be used, they would get higher scores than others.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, second language acquisition, suroboyoan sub-dialect, length of stay in surabaya, frequency of language use, attitudes to language
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2192/
Author : KURNIAWATI, IKA
In this study the writer is eager to find out the codes used by the male and the female Torajanese students in its domains. Besides, the writer is also interested to find out the similarities and the differences between the codes used by the male Torajanese students and the codes used by the female Torajanese students. The writer here mainly uses the theory of domain of language use and supported by the theories of gender, social dimensions, social network, and polyglossia. In order to get the data, the writer used 40 Torajanese students that consist of 20 male Torajanese students and 20 female Torajanese students as her respondents. In this research, the writer used questionnaire as the main instrument, since this research is quantitative-descriptive research. In order to get a clear data about the codes used by the male Torajanese students in its domains and those used by the female students, the writer read the questions in the questionnaire for the her respondents one by one. From this research, the writer found that Indonesian language is used by the male and the female Torajanese students in all formal domains. In informal domains, the male Torajanese students tend to use Torajanese language or Suroboyoan, while the female students tend to use Indonesian language. There are only a few female students who used vernacular language in informal domains. The uses of Indonesian, Torajanese and Suroboyoan by the Torajanese students might be because of the influence of the formality scale, status scale, social distance, the topic of interaction and their social network.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, domains of language use, gender, toraja, torajanese students
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4437/
Author : KURNIAWAN, TONY
Code mixing is a linguistic phenomenon, which we often meet on our everyday life as multilingual society. It was the use of the elements of one language within a sentence in another language (Nababan, 1978). It also occurred in our conversations in the family. The totok Chinese Indonesian families in Surabaya also use codes to talk to their family. I used descriptive-qualitative approach in order to get the in depth data about the background of a totok Chinese Indonesian mother and her son. I also used myself as the instrument and the observer to collect the data through note taking and interviews. In the analysis, after having collected the data, I discussed and interpretated them. The result of this study indicates that there is a totok Chinese Indonesian family in Surabaya, especially a mother and her son, which prefer to use Chinese codes even though they mastered the Chinese language. They used Indonesian and Javanese language with Chinese codes because since they were babies their parents used to communicate using Indonesia. Another factor is that they were afraid their Chinese language would be infected with Indonesian dialect.
Keyword : code, code mixing, totok chinese, sociolinguistics, linguistics, bilingualism
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2121/
Author : NILO, PENDING
This study investigates ways of conversation opening of male and female students of Petra Christian University and the influence of gender on the choice of way of conversation opening. In order to categorize the types of ways of conversation opening, the writer uses Sacks’ classification which includes Question/Request Information, Greetings, Challenges, Offers, Address another person, Compliments, Invitation, Announcement, and Stereotyped Expression or Topic, and so on. The subjects of this study are 30 male and 30 female students of Petra Christian University and taken randomly without considering their social background, but only their sexes. To collect the data, the writer records the natural conversation in daily interaction. From the analysis, the writer finds that both male and female students almost use all types of way of conversation opening classified by Sacks, but there are differences in term of frequency of each type of way of conversation opening used by male and female. Moreover, there is one type which is used by male, but not by female, that is, challenge. And there are two types which are not used by both male and female students, namely, greeting, and announcement. Meanwhile, the gender differences of the subjects influences the choice of way of conversation opening. In this case, to open conversation, male students have more tendency to maintain social relationship than female students, and show macho connotations of masculinity and toughness, while female students tend to involve personal styles which usually include personal feeling.
Keyword : discourse, analysis, linguistics, sociolinguistics, conversation, student
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2298/
Author : GERALD, VICTORIO
This thesis is an effort to build a better understanding of language as a part of culture of the people of Mollucas, particularly the indigenous people of Wassu in the island of Haruku, through the sociolinguistic study. The purpose of the study is to explore their linguistic repertoire in order to find out anv code variety included in the linguistic repertoire of the natives, and any social factor that influences their choice of certain variety to be used in a social context of speaking. Hudson’s theory of domains, together with the theory of social factors and social dimensions introduced by Holmes, are used in order to analyze the data Approach of conducting the study is a qualitative approach. Recorded utterances of speech of the natives and notes of applications of the varieties in any context other than speech contexts, such as watching TV or listening radio programs, and listening to a priest in Sundays services in church, become the sources of the data. The informants are a family of the indigenous people of Wassu, consists of a grandfather, a grandmother, a mother, an uncle, and an aunt, who were born and raised there. The data is classified according to the users. Every variety used is analyzed by applying the theory of domains. Holmes’ theory is used to find the influence of the social context to every user’s decision of choosing which variety to be used. The analysis shows that the linguistic repertoire of the indigenous people of Wassu consists of the Haruku language, the Ambonesse Malay sub-dialect of Wassu, the Ambonesse Malay, and the Indonesian language. The Haruku language, spoken by older people, serves as a formal language of traditional affairs and also an informal language of solidarity. The Ambonesse Malay sub-dialect of Wassu derived from the Ambonesse Malay. They have similarities in many ways eventhough there can be still some differences in structure and vocabulary. These two varieties spoken by the whole generations in Wassu, and become informal varieties of daily interactions. The natives use the Ambonesse Malay sub- dialect of Wassu to fellow villagers, and sometimes to outsiders of this speech community. The Ambonesse Malay is used when they interact with the outsiders. The Indonesian language becomes the language of formality and never spoken in daily interactions. It is used in the Sunday services, in schools and government office.
Keyword : sociolinguistics, language, culture, mollucas, haruku island, repertoire, haruku language
Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4570/