Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

A Morpho-syntactic study of the Sundanese adjective found in ‘kolom’ issues of Mangle Magazines

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Author : YULIANA, MARIA

Many studies of other regional languages have inspired the writer to make a study on Sundanese since she lives with people who speak Sundanese as their mother tongue. The writer has chosen Mangle magazine, as the object of the study since it is the only Sundanese magazine that still exists up to the present (Djajasudarma, 1994:1). This study was to know the syntactic position and the types of Sundanese adjective used in ‘KOLOM’ issues of Mangle magazine. This study is a qualitative study so the writer is the main instrument. She collected the data from Mangle magazine particularly focuses on the ‘KOLOM’ issues. The writer applied some theories of morphology and syntax in Sundanese concerning the definitions of morpheme and syntax, adjective identif ication, the characteristics of the Sundanese adjective, and the classification of the Sundanese adjective forms in the analysis. In analyzing the data, firstly the writer identified the suspected word based on the Sundanese adjective’s characteristics. Secondly, she classified the adjective items whether they are base adjective, derivative adjective, adjective that is put after or before the qualifier, or other forms. Then, she analyzed all the data to find out the syntactic positions and the types of Sundanese adjective. Through the analysis, the writer found that there are four types of Sundanese adjectives used in ‘KOLOM’ issues of Mangle magazine. They are base adjective, derivative adjective, adjective which is put after qualifier, adjective which is put before qualifier, and adjectives which are followed by negative marker ‘henteu’ or ‘teu’ which mean not. For Sundanese base adjective, there are base adjectives that consist of two words. Besides, she also found out that the derivative adjective form consists of six patterns in which four patterns are affixation and the others are formed through reduplication. The writer also found seven qualifiers that follow the Sundanes adjective namely ‘rada’ rather, `leuwih’ more, ‘pisan’ very, `teuing’ too, `kacida+-na’ very, ‘pohara+-na’ very, and ‘beuki’ more. Based on the finding, it can be seen that Sundanese adjective has a tendency in language loss. Through these issues, the writer found that there is Sundanese adjective form, which cannot be found anymore as in derivative adjective [pang- + base noun + -na]. Besides, the writer also found that the use of certain Sundanese adjective forms is decreasing as in adjective which is formed by adding infix [-al].

Keyword : sundanese language, mangle magazine, morphology, syntax

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4746/

Syntactic structures in the six rap songs of “rage againts the machine”

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Author : ZEINUAR, PUNGKI

This study is trying to analyze the types of syntactic structures on the lyrics of “Rage Against The Machine”, particularly on its structural patterns. The writer is trying to find out what types of syntactic structures are found and the most predominant type of syntactic structures in the six rap songs of “Rage Against The Machine”. The writer uses qualitative approach to analyze the six rap songs of “Rage Against The Machine”. To be able to analyze the rap songs, he applies the basic four types of syntactic structures based on Francis’s theory as the major theory supported by Saymour Chatman on inversion. The four types of syntactic structures, structure of modification, structure of predication, structure of complementation, and structure of coordination, are found in the six rap songs. There is not any inversion of word order applied in rap songs, except in the two lines of ‘Take the power back’, line 11 and 37. The writer also finds there are similarities between the lyrics and the poem in form and structure. Both of them have verses and the lines constitute a structural relation between/among the lines. Structurally related lines of “Rage Against the Machine” construct three types of bigger construction of syntactic structures, structure of modification, structure of predication, and structure of coordination. Finally he finds that structure of predication is the most predominant type of all that reaches more than 50%, followed by structure of modification, structure of complementation, and the least predominant is structure of coordination.

Keyword : english language, grammar, syntax, rap, song

The Grammatical structure of the register of football commentators

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Author : CHRISTIAN, MARIO

Register is a language variation that is related to the language of groups of people with common interests, jobs, or situations. In sports, there is a certain style of register that is produced by sport commentators. One of the sports that has unique characteristics of register is football. The language of football commentators, which is a play-by-play commentary, often occurs in the form of telegraphic speech, that is consisting a lot of syntactic reduction and inversion. Thus, it is interesting to find out the grammatical structure produced by football commentators, and the reason why they use that kind of grammatical structure. According to Janet Holmes (1992), a play-by-play description used by sport announcers will not cause the lost of meaning and the reference of the speech is not ambiguous since the addressee can see it in the picture shown. In the analysis of the grammatical structure of football commentators, the writer uses the generative transformational grammar, because it can describe more effectively the process and the relations between sentences that are inverted, substituted, or deleted. This study uses qualitative approach in order to find out the characteristics of the register of football commentators, and the reasons why they have the characteristics. The data are in the form of commentary of one football match between AS Roma and AC Parma on 17 June 2001. The writer will then make the transcription of the commentary and analyse the grammatical structure, then put it in the tables. The writer will then try to interpret the reasons why football commentators use that kind of grammatical structure based on Holmes theory that football commentators often use the syntactic reduction, syntactic inversion, and heavy noun modification forms. It is because they have to speak quickly, accurately, and interestingly.

Keyword : grammar, structure, register, football, commentators, syntax

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1249/

An Analysis of syntactic errors produced by the engineering students of Petra Christian University Surabaya

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Author : KARTIKA, LINDA

In this study the writer focuses on the syntactic errors found in the compositions, kind of assignments in class, written by twenty engineering students of Petra Christian University during two hours. This study is done to find the types of syntactic errors and the frequencies and the percentages that occur to know the engineering students? capabilities in mastering English rules and the area of difficulties in learning English structures. By using a descriptive approach, the writer collects all syntactic errors found in students? compositions. Then, the data is analyzed and classified based on some relevant underlying theories as seen from the first to the twentieth without any comparison among them. The findings show that there are eight groups of errors which consist of thirty-three types and several sub types. By counting the frequencies and the percentages of the types, the readers can know the most common type until the least one. There are three most common types namely errors in determiners, errors in number and errors in the use of prepositions. Concerning to the result of this study, the engineering students need to improve their English skills. The teachers also have to improve their teaching way and give more exercises to the students.

Keyword : errors, syntax

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/1424/

The syntactic analysis of verbs in predicates in clash of the titans in Time magazine vol. 157 no. 8 February 26th, 2001

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Author : SUSENO, SHERLY

This study is conducted to reveal the use of verbs in the predicates in the art article Clash of the Titans in Time Magazine Vol. 157 No. 8 page 62-64 February 26th, 2001. The main theories used are the theory of syntactic structures proposed by W. Nelson Francis, and the theory of transformational grammar proposed by Noam Chomsky, supported by Diane D. Bornstein. The approach of this study is qualitative-descriptive; meaning that the data consists of words instead of numbers, and the regularities found in the data are explained in detail. To gain the written data, the art article is chosen as the source of data. Finally, the writer finds out that the writer of the article uses only three among the four different types of predicates with the two tenses. The most frequently used type of predicate is the structure of complementation with the total occurrence 119 (69.19%), and the most frequently used tense is the present tense with the total occurrence 137 (79.65%). Besides, she also discovers an exception found in the data, that is the incomplete sentences (lack of subjects).

Keyword : english, language, verb, grammar, syntax, time, magazine

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2202/

A Syntactical analysis of the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film

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Author : CHUCIARDI, CAROLINA

This study is conducted in order to find out the sentence patterns used by the main characters in “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon films. There are three main problems of the study: (1) What are the sentence patterns found in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (2) What is the most dominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and Cruella?s dialogues? (3) Are there any differences in their sentence patterns? The syntax theory used in this study is Stageberg?s Basic Sentence Patterns theory. It is supported by theory of Noun and Verb Phrases and also by the theory of part of speech. The dialogues of the two main characters, Pongo and Cruella are collected as the data and analyzed based on the theories above. From the analysis, it can be seen that not all the sentence patterns found in the dialogues, like pattern 8 and 9. The dialogues of Pongo are dominated by pattern 4 while Cruella?s are dominated by pattern 5 . Pattern 4 is Noun Phrase + Infnitive, pattern 5 is Noun Phrase + Transitive Verb + Noun Phrase. The writer found that although there is a difference in their sentence patterns, but the difference is not really significant since pattern 5 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Pongo?s and pattern 4 is the second predominant sentence pattern in Cruella?s As the result by doing this study, the sentence patterns of the main characters of “101 Dalmatians” animated cartoon film can be described.

Keyword : english, language, grammar, syntax, dalmatian, film, character

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/3084/

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