Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

The Study of universe of discourse in conversations among the members of the families in American Beauty

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Author : FELICIA, AMELIA

In communication, the members of a family are not always able to get their messages across, and this may cause some conflicts in the family. To get their messages across, the members of a family need to pay attention to some strategies in communication including the strategies in maintaining the same universe of discourse. Universe of discourse means the particular world (real or imaginary) that the speaker assumes to say at that particular time. In American Beauty, the writer notices that the participants have a lot of conflicts, and it triggers the writer to investigate the film. Moreover, this film projects many themes that occur in this modem life, and this film seems trying to warn people about their own lives that could be like the film. In her study, the writer wants to find out whether the participants in conversations among the members of the families in American Beauty share the same universe of discourse or not, and what the strategies that they use if they share the same universe of discourse. She also wants to find out if there is participant who pretends to share the same universe of discourse. The writer only analyzes the conversations that happen among the members of the two families in American Beauty. Here, the writer finds that the participants mostly do not share the same universe of discourse. However, there are also few times when the participants are sharing the same universe of discourse. The three strategies that are used by the participants in sharing the same universe of discourse are the spatial frames of reference strategy in anchoring in the perspective of the speaker, shared domains and coreference strategy and new information strategy. She finds that the participants mostly use the shared domains and coreference strategy. Furthermore, she finds out that there is a participant who is pretending to share the same universe of discourse but actually not sharing the same universe of discourse with the other participant. The writer concludes that the participants mostly do not share the same universe of discourse although the participants in conversations among the members of the families in American Beauty come from the same world because they have different ideas, feelings and interests.

Keyword : english language, conversations, families, american beauty

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4768/

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The Types of communication strategies used by speaking class students with different communication apprehension levels of english department, Petra Christian University

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Author : SYLVIA, AGATHA

This is a study about the types of Communication Strategies used by thirty students of English Department of Petra Christian University with different levels of Communication Apprehension. The writer chooses this topic because she observes that many students experience Communication Apprehension, which can influence the use of types of Communication Strategies. The writer attempts to find out the types of Communication Strategies used by students with high and low levels of Communication Apprehension and the types of Communication Strategies mostly used by them. In addition, she intends to find out whether students with high level of Communication Apprehension use more numbers of Communication Strategies rather than those with low level of Communication Apprehension. Language Anxiety by Horwitz et al. and Brown, Communication Apprehension by Daly and McCroskey, and Communication Strategies by Dornyei are the theories used in this study. The data are collected in a classroom created by the writer from two tasks-pictorial story telling and pictorial instruction. The writer finds that there are twelve types of Communication Strategies used by students with high Communication le vel; repetition, approximation, and using fillers are the Communication Strategies mostly used by them. There are thirteen types of Communication Strategies used by students with low Communication Apprehension level; and approximation, using fillers, and repetition are the Communication Strategies mostly used by them. It is also true that students with high Communication Apprehension level use more numbers of Communication Strategies than those with low Communication Apprehension level. Overall, the writer finds that actually English Foreign Language Learners of English Department of Petra Christian University experience Communication Apprehension in different levels, high and low, which influences the use of types of Communication Strategies they employ in oral presentation.

Keyword : conversation, dialoque, english language, speeking, oral communication

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2101/

An Analysis of cohesion in “National News” taken from The Jakarta Post

Author : , LIEDIAWATI

This thesis is about an analysis of cohesion in “National News”, which is taken from The Jakarta Post. Since The Jakarta Post is a daily English newspaper and it gives complete information to its readers, the writer is curious to find out the quality of either its text or its sentences. In other words, the writer wanted to know whether the text of the “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive or not. Therefore, she tried to examine carefully the cohesive devices and the violations in the text. The writer applied M.A.K. Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan’s cohesion theory. They divided cohesion into two major points that are the grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. In terms of grammatical cohesion, it is divided into reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction while in the terms of lexical cohesion, it is divided into reiteration and collocation. The writer divided and analyzed her data into the fulfillment of cohesive devices and the violation of cohesive devices. First, she identified the data as being a fulfillment or a violation. Then, she analyzed the fulfillment of the data in terms of grammatical and lexical cohesion. She also used the same procedure for the violations. To get the percentage of both the fulfillment and violation of cohesive devices she compared them by using a certain formula. At last, the findings show fiat the fulfillment of cohesive devices is 93,08% and the violation of cohesive devices is 6,92%. Thus, she concluded that the text of four “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive.

Keyword : english language, cohesion, termionology, discourse analysis, jakarta post, national news, grammatical cohesion, lexical cohesion

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4780/

The Analysis of PSALM viewed from stylistics approach

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Author : SRI, MELIANA

This study deals with stylistics devices in songs, especially the songs in Psalm, whose forms are the same with poetry. The writer chooses this topic because she realizes that it will be interesting to analyze a literary work through linguistic study. The writer chooses songs in Psalm since the she considers those songs as a piece of great literature in this world. They can express human feeling through their theme. By conducting this research, the writer wants to know what stylistic devices and syntactic deviation that occur in the songs of Psalm. Besides, the writer is also curious to know what lexical items which are used by Psalmist in creating the songs. Finally, through this research, the writer wants to know the tone and theme in the selected articles of Psalm. This study is analyzed by using some theories. First of all is stylistic theory because the writer intends to find out the stylistics devices that are used in Psalm. In addition, since the writer analyses the syntactic deviation and lexical selection, she uses the theory of diction and syntax. Due to the fact that this study is basically about Christianity, the writer needs a theory to analyze the cultural and historical background of Psalm. Therefore the theories of Pragmatics and Discourse are needed. The writer uses a qualitative approach in doing this research, because the data consists of words instead of numbers. Finally, the writer finds out that figures of speech and lexical selections are highly selected by the Psalmists to convey the tone and the theme effectively. The theme itself can reflect the real life of the people nowadays. Key words: Psalm, Stylistics approach, Stylistics devices, Syntactic deviations, Tone and Theme

Keyword : psalm,literary, english language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2102/

Perancangan media cd interaktif sebagai sarana pembelajaran Alkitab dalam bahasa Inggris untuk anak-anak

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Author : HENDARTO, MYRICA

CD Interaktif Pembelajaran Alkitab dalam Bahasa Inggris untuk Anak-anak ini bertujuan untuk menyediakan suatu media pembelajaran yang efektif untuk anak-anak, dalam hal ini pembelajaran Alkitab. Dengan fitur-fitur penunjang lainnya, seperti belajar bahasa Inggris dan bonus-bonus interaktif. Muatan yang terdapat dalam CD ini dapat memberi pengetahuan yang bersifat edutainment. CD ini dapat dipergunakan untuk media pembelajaran sekaligus hiburan bagi anak-anak.

Keyword : interactive cd, bible learning, english language, children

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4811/

A Comparative study on lexical domain in content words between New Zealand english and british english in the country promotion booklets, about New Zealand and United Kingdom: Shaping the future…

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Author : I, YOHANA

English, has various varieties, among which are British English and New Zealand English. Furthermore, English also develops, particularly in the forming of words. By then, it is undeniably interesting to find out how words formed can be one indicator to unveil the differences between New Zealand English and British English. Therefore, a country-promotion booklet, as an authentic means containing information about the represented country, is needed. This study is trying to find out the specific predominant lexical domains in New Zealand English and British English from the source of data. Furthermore, this study also tries to find out the difference between New Zealand English and British English in the distribution of the lexical domain represented as far as the content words are concerned. Afterwards, to reach the research objectives, theories on analyzing component meaning and guideline on kinds of lexical domains, supported by theory on linguistic change and the classification of lexical items were needed. Furthermore, by using the qualitative-descriptive approach supported by semantic description approach, the writer gathered the data to be further analyzed. The result was that, apparently, most lexical domains in NZE are about are nature, culture and economics. Meanwhile, the domains of words in BE are politics / government affairs, international relations, economics and military /international safety.

Keyword : english language, lexical

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2106/

Reader-based coherence and its activated frames of February and March 2001 Reader’s Digest as shown by EFL students

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Author : KUMALA, BETTY

To understand humorous texts, especially those which are written in a foreign language, is not a trivial matter for readers. Therefore, the writer is interested in conducting a research to analyze reader-based coherence on humorous texts. This research is intended to find out how many humorous texts in Reader’s Digest were considered coherent and funny by EFL readers, and what fields of knowledge they activated while reading those texts. The writer used a qualitative approach in the data collection and explained the analysis of the data descriptively. She used all the humorous texts in the Reader’s Digest in February and March 2001 editions as the source of data. After reading each joke, the respondents had to fill in a questionnaire. The data got from the result of the questionnaire were the data to be analyzed by the writer. The writer found that the respondents could perceive the coherence and the funniness of only 62% of all the humorous texts. This answers tfie writer’s previous assumption that jokes are not always easy to understand by EFL students. Furthermore, only the readers who can activate the relevant frames to the encountered texts can successfully arrive at the humorous interpretation of the texts. She also found that the field of knowledge in “social life” was mostly used by the respondents while they were reading the texts. This might due to the fact that most of the texts were telling about daily life. Therefore, EFL students should learn more about the social life of the target language to assist them in understanding their learning materials.

Keyword : humorous texts, coherence, reader’s digest, discourse analysis, english language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4824/

Syntactic structures in the six rap songs of “rage againts the machine”

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Author : ZEINUAR, PUNGKI

This study is trying to analyze the types of syntactic structures on the lyrics of “Rage Against The Machine”, particularly on its structural patterns. The writer is trying to find out what types of syntactic structures are found and the most predominant type of syntactic structures in the six rap songs of “Rage Against The Machine”. The writer uses qualitative approach to analyze the six rap songs of “Rage Against The Machine”. To be able to analyze the rap songs, he applies the basic four types of syntactic structures based on Francis’s theory as the major theory supported by Saymour Chatman on inversion. The four types of syntactic structures, structure of modification, structure of predication, structure of complementation, and structure of coordination, are found in the six rap songs. There is not any inversion of word order applied in rap songs, except in the two lines of ‘Take the power back’, line 11 and 37. The writer also finds there are similarities between the lyrics and the poem in form and structure. Both of them have verses and the lines constitute a structural relation between/among the lines. Structurally related lines of “Rage Against the Machine” construct three types of bigger construction of syntactic structures, structure of modification, structure of predication, and structure of coordination. Finally he finds that structure of predication is the most predominant type of all that reaches more than 50%, followed by structure of modification, structure of complementation, and the least predominant is structure of coordination.

Keyword : english language, grammar, syntax, rap, song

An Analysis of slang used by the characters in Clueless movie based on sex differences

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Author : AIMEE, YOVIA

Conversations are important in our daily lives. There are conversations that happen in formal situation and also informal situation. Slang involvement in a conversation is one mark that the conversation happens in informal situation. Therefore, slang often occurs in casual conversations. We can find slang mostly in teenagers? daily conversations. As we know that slang is the highly used language of the youth. The problems may come from sex differences. Many statements and theories claim that men and women have differences in conversation. It is being claimed that slang often created and used the slang. Therefore, the writer follows some step in order to get the answer of the statement of the problems. First of all, the writer gets the source of data, Clueless Movie transcript and segmenting the conversation into fragments which each of them contains one topic. This way makes the writer observe the slang words or phrases easier. Then the writer identifies the slang words or phrases in the script which are used by both male and female. The writer also interprets those slangs? meanings and then makes a comparison between slangs which are produced by male and female. Both male and female have a high frequency in using slang. Another finding is that male and female have the same purpose in using this language. They tend to use slang to look different and also increase their intimacy and solidarity.

Keyword : english language, slang, sex differences

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2120/

Cohesive devices in mini advertisements in The Jakarta Post and The Asian Wall Street Journal

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Author : , CHRISTINE

The idea of this study is to compare the English newspaper that is published from Indonesia, The Jakarta Post (JP), with the one that is published from outside, The Asian Wall Street Journal (AJ). In this study, the writer wants to find out the cohesive devices that are mostly used by the two newspapers, and the similarities and differences from comparing the two newspapers. For the analysis, the writer uses the theory of cohesive devices by Halliday and Hasan. In collecting the data, the writer chose twenty mini advertisements from both sources. Before analyzing the cohesive devices, first the writer divided the mini advertisements into sentences, and then she also writes the abbreviation into sentence. In order to make the sentences grammatic ally correct, she symbolizes the agent or the doer of the action as (X) and the readers as (Y). After that, the writer starts to count the amount of cohesive devices to make it easier to find out the mostly used cohesive devices. After analyzing the cohesive devices, then the writer begins to analyze the similarities and the differences from comparing the two sources. In the conclusion, she finds that ellipsis is the types of cohesive devices that are mostly used in the mini advertisements in both sources. The main similarity is that both sources do not use substitution, while the main difference is that AJ do not use reference whereas there are three references in JP. In my opinion, mini advertisements are needed in the study of English reading to grow the understanding of English language since the language of mini advertisements are in incomplete sentences. If students can understand what is presented in the mini advertisements, it means those students have acquired the good understanding of English. On the contrary, if they do not understand, their understanding is still limited.

Keyword : english newspapers, cohesive devices, english language, mini advertisements

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4861/

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