Kumpulan Skripsi & Artikel Jurnal Ilmiah

2009

Blending in the aticles in Kompas and USA Today newspapers

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Author : TANOYO, MELIANA

Blending as one kind of word-formation processes is applied in the articles in the newspapers, and blending is a very productive source of word in modern English, both in literary and scientific work. By doing this research, the writer gets deep knowledge about blending. Moreover, she can use this knowledge as the basic knowledge if she wants to learn more about linguistics, especially for morphology. In this research, the writer wants to investigate in what way Indonesian blends in the articles in Kompas and English blends in the articles in USA Today apply the rules of blending. In her research, she uses theory of blending froin Bauer, theory of blending from Adams, and theory of Indonesian syllabification as underlying theories. Moreover, she uses theory of word forination from Yule, and theory of blending from Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik as the supporting theories. The approach of this research was qualitative because the finding of this research were in the form of statements instead of number. Furthermore, the writer collected the data from the articles in Kompas and USA Today of March 21st until April 21st, 2002. Then, she analyzed those blends. For blends in Bahasa Indonesia, she found seven basic atterns and seven variations from the basic patterns. There are two patterns of Indonesian blends which is the same with the rules of blending in English. English blends do not always follow the rules of blending. There is one pattern of English blend which does not follow the rules of blending.

Keyword : english language, indonesian, semantic, kompas, usa today, articles

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2510/

Error types based on linguistic category in the English composition written by the students of writing I at the English Department Petra Christian University

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Author : IRAWAN, MILASENDA

My study is of error types that are particularly focused on the types of errors in English compositions. The types of errors in English compositions are based on the theory of Professor James Hendrickson, in which the types of errors are classified according to the linguistic category. Therefore, it includes the errors in lexical, morphological, syntactic and orthographic categories. By discovering the students? errors in writing their compositions, this thesis is also to show the most committed type of errors based on linguistic category. I conduct my study by using descriptive and text analysis approach. In this study, I collect the data from Indonesian students who are learning English as a second language at the English Department in Petra Christian University. Specifically, they are the students of 2003 who take their Writing I class in 2003/2004 academic year. I particularly use picture story in order to raise their ideas in writing a composition. There are fifteen drafts to be the data samples, which are then analyzed. The results of the analyses show that the morphological errors gain the highest percentage, while the orthographic errors get the lowest percentage in the compositions. It is important to note that the syntactic errors also take a dominant percentage in the compositions. Since the students mostly produced the morphological and syntactic errors, the findings might suggest that most of the students have problems and difficulties in the application of the Standard English grammar. In addition, it might also suggest that the students? repertoire of English vocabulary items is sufficient in writing a composition, due to the fact that the lexical errors only count for a small percentage. Here, the students are able to use simple lexical items in appropriate situation in writing their compositions.

Keyword : english language, errors of usage, linguistic, writing

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2068/

Refusal strategies in English used by American and Indonesian University students based on age, sex, social status and social distance

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Author : NUGROHO, LISA

Refusing an invitation or offer is considered as one of the Face Threatening Acts (FTAs), especially to the positive-face want of the addressee. Therefore, in doing the refusal people should be made aware of the strategies used in order to lower the threat as well as to have a smooth interaction. Moreover, there are social factors such as Age, Sex, Social Status and Social Distance, which most likely influence the way people refuse the invitation or offer. These factors would affect people in choosing which strategies considered as the most appropriate ones to be used in a certain situation. However, the strategies chosen in the refusal might be different from one culture to another. As a result, the writer is not only interested in analyzing the refusal strategies from one group of respondents but also comparing the strategies on the American’students to those of the Indonesian students leaming English. Furthermore, using Discourse Completion Task (DCT), the data were taken from twenty six Indonesian students of Faculty of Letters in Petra Christian University and twenty five American students from three different universities in the United States of America. In categorizing the data, the writer used the theory of Politeness of Brown and Levinson (1989) as a supporting theory. Finally, from the data analysis, the writer found that the lndonesian respondents chose Apologizing as the most frequently used strategy of refusal while American respondents preferred to use Apologizing as well as Reason as their refusal strategies. There are other dominant strategies used by both group respondents, that are, Showing Interest, Thanking and Direct Refusal. Further, the writer noticed that the social factors such as Age, Sex, Social Status and Social Distance strongly influenced the choice of the refusal strategies, but it was also found that there were other social factors which influenced the choice of the strategies namely Solidarity and Respect.

Keyword : refusal strategies, english language, american university, indonesian university, age, sex, social status, social distance,

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4625/

Some problems in mother and daughter relationship explained through illocutionary and perlocutionary acts in Anywhere but here

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Author : LOREN, SILVIA

In verbal communication, sometimes the process does not run smoothly. It happens because the hearer does not know what the speaker expects. Because communication is very important to make a better relationship, the researcher is interested in analyzing speech acts, which play important roles in communication, especially in the illocutions and the perlocution and the factors of communication problems. In the data, the writer chooses “Anywhere but Here” because there are many communication problems, especially between Adele as a mother and Ann as a daughter. For the theory, she used Speech Act theory. In collecting the data, the writer transcribed the film then she classified and identified the illocutions and the perlocutions of the utterances and then concluded which area that creates communication problem. In analysis, the researcher found out that the area, which causes communication problems the most, is in Giving (More) Explanation, Asking the Hearer to Do Something, Criticizing and Mocking. As the conclusion, the writer concluded that people could minimize communication problems in their relationship if they understand the expectation of the speaker.

Keyword : discourse analysis, english language, semantics, semiotics

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2091/

The Study of universe of discourse in conversations among the members of the families in American Beauty

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Author : FELICIA, AMELIA

In communication, the members of a family are not always able to get their messages across, and this may cause some conflicts in the family. To get their messages across, the members of a family need to pay attention to some strategies in communication including the strategies in maintaining the same universe of discourse. Universe of discourse means the particular world (real or imaginary) that the speaker assumes to say at that particular time. In American Beauty, the writer notices that the participants have a lot of conflicts, and it triggers the writer to investigate the film. Moreover, this film projects many themes that occur in this modem life, and this film seems trying to warn people about their own lives that could be like the film. In her study, the writer wants to find out whether the participants in conversations among the members of the families in American Beauty share the same universe of discourse or not, and what the strategies that they use if they share the same universe of discourse. She also wants to find out if there is participant who pretends to share the same universe of discourse. The writer only analyzes the conversations that happen among the members of the two families in American Beauty. Here, the writer finds that the participants mostly do not share the same universe of discourse. However, there are also few times when the participants are sharing the same universe of discourse. The three strategies that are used by the participants in sharing the same universe of discourse are the spatial frames of reference strategy in anchoring in the perspective of the speaker, shared domains and coreference strategy and new information strategy. She finds that the participants mostly use the shared domains and coreference strategy. Furthermore, she finds out that there is a participant who is pretending to share the same universe of discourse but actually not sharing the same universe of discourse with the other participant. The writer concludes that the participants mostly do not share the same universe of discourse although the participants in conversations among the members of the families in American Beauty come from the same world because they have different ideas, feelings and interests.

Keyword : english language, conversations, families, american beauty

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4768/

The Types of communication strategies used by speaking class students with different communication apprehension levels of english department, Petra Christian University

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Author : SYLVIA, AGATHA

This is a study about the types of Communication Strategies used by thirty students of English Department of Petra Christian University with different levels of Communication Apprehension. The writer chooses this topic because she observes that many students experience Communication Apprehension, which can influence the use of types of Communication Strategies. The writer attempts to find out the types of Communication Strategies used by students with high and low levels of Communication Apprehension and the types of Communication Strategies mostly used by them. In addition, she intends to find out whether students with high level of Communication Apprehension use more numbers of Communication Strategies rather than those with low level of Communication Apprehension. Language Anxiety by Horwitz et al. and Brown, Communication Apprehension by Daly and McCroskey, and Communication Strategies by Dornyei are the theories used in this study. The data are collected in a classroom created by the writer from two tasks-pictorial story telling and pictorial instruction. The writer finds that there are twelve types of Communication Strategies used by students with high Communication le vel; repetition, approximation, and using fillers are the Communication Strategies mostly used by them. There are thirteen types of Communication Strategies used by students with low Communication Apprehension level; and approximation, using fillers, and repetition are the Communication Strategies mostly used by them. It is also true that students with high Communication Apprehension level use more numbers of Communication Strategies than those with low Communication Apprehension level. Overall, the writer finds that actually English Foreign Language Learners of English Department of Petra Christian University experience Communication Apprehension in different levels, high and low, which influences the use of types of Communication Strategies they employ in oral presentation.

Keyword : conversation, dialoque, english language, speeking, oral communication

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2101/

An Analysis of cohesion in “National News” taken from The Jakarta Post

Author : , LIEDIAWATI

This thesis is about an analysis of cohesion in “National News”, which is taken from The Jakarta Post. Since The Jakarta Post is a daily English newspaper and it gives complete information to its readers, the writer is curious to find out the quality of either its text or its sentences. In other words, the writer wanted to know whether the text of the “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive or not. Therefore, she tried to examine carefully the cohesive devices and the violations in the text. The writer applied M.A.K. Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan’s cohesion theory. They divided cohesion into two major points that are the grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion. In terms of grammatical cohesion, it is divided into reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction while in the terms of lexical cohesion, it is divided into reiteration and collocation. The writer divided and analyzed her data into the fulfillment of cohesive devices and the violation of cohesive devices. First, she identified the data as being a fulfillment or a violation. Then, she analyzed the fulfillment of the data in terms of grammatical and lexical cohesion. She also used the same procedure for the violations. To get the percentage of both the fulfillment and violation of cohesive devices she compared them by using a certain formula. At last, the findings show fiat the fulfillment of cohesive devices is 93,08% and the violation of cohesive devices is 6,92%. Thus, she concluded that the text of four “National News” in The Jakarta Post was cohesive.

Keyword : english language, cohesion, termionology, discourse analysis, jakarta post, national news, grammatical cohesion, lexical cohesion

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4780/

The Analysis of PSALM viewed from stylistics approach

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Author : SRI, MELIANA

This study deals with stylistics devices in songs, especially the songs in Psalm, whose forms are the same with poetry. The writer chooses this topic because she realizes that it will be interesting to analyze a literary work through linguistic study. The writer chooses songs in Psalm since the she considers those songs as a piece of great literature in this world. They can express human feeling through their theme. By conducting this research, the writer wants to know what stylistic devices and syntactic deviation that occur in the songs of Psalm. Besides, the writer is also curious to know what lexical items which are used by Psalmist in creating the songs. Finally, through this research, the writer wants to know the tone and theme in the selected articles of Psalm. This study is analyzed by using some theories. First of all is stylistic theory because the writer intends to find out the stylistics devices that are used in Psalm. In addition, since the writer analyses the syntactic deviation and lexical selection, she uses the theory of diction and syntax. Due to the fact that this study is basically about Christianity, the writer needs a theory to analyze the cultural and historical background of Psalm. Therefore the theories of Pragmatics and Discourse are needed. The writer uses a qualitative approach in doing this research, because the data consists of words instead of numbers. Finally, the writer finds out that figures of speech and lexical selections are highly selected by the Psalmists to convey the tone and the theme effectively. The theme itself can reflect the real life of the people nowadays. Key words: Psalm, Stylistics approach, Stylistics devices, Syntactic deviations, Tone and Theme

Keyword : psalm,literary, english language

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2102/

Perancangan media cd interaktif sebagai sarana pembelajaran Alkitab dalam bahasa Inggris untuk anak-anak

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Author : HENDARTO, MYRICA

CD Interaktif Pembelajaran Alkitab dalam Bahasa Inggris untuk Anak-anak ini bertujuan untuk menyediakan suatu media pembelajaran yang efektif untuk anak-anak, dalam hal ini pembelajaran Alkitab. Dengan fitur-fitur penunjang lainnya, seperti belajar bahasa Inggris dan bonus-bonus interaktif. Muatan yang terdapat dalam CD ini dapat memberi pengetahuan yang bersifat edutainment. CD ini dapat dipergunakan untuk media pembelajaran sekaligus hiburan bagi anak-anak.

Keyword : interactive cd, bible learning, english language, children

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/4811/

A Comparative study on lexical domain in content words between New Zealand english and british english in the country promotion booklets, about New Zealand and United Kingdom: Shaping the future…

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Author : I, YOHANA

English, has various varieties, among which are British English and New Zealand English. Furthermore, English also develops, particularly in the forming of words. By then, it is undeniably interesting to find out how words formed can be one indicator to unveil the differences between New Zealand English and British English. Therefore, a country-promotion booklet, as an authentic means containing information about the represented country, is needed. This study is trying to find out the specific predominant lexical domains in New Zealand English and British English from the source of data. Furthermore, this study also tries to find out the difference between New Zealand English and British English in the distribution of the lexical domain represented as far as the content words are concerned. Afterwards, to reach the research objectives, theories on analyzing component meaning and guideline on kinds of lexical domains, supported by theory on linguistic change and the classification of lexical items were needed. Furthermore, by using the qualitative-descriptive approach supported by semantic description approach, the writer gathered the data to be further analyzed. The result was that, apparently, most lexical domains in NZE are about are nature, culture and economics. Meanwhile, the domains of words in BE are politics / government affairs, international relations, economics and military /international safety.

Keyword : english language, lexical

Sumber : http://repository.petra.ac.id/2106/

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